PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY.txt

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Author:
rere_girl4ever
ID:
291473
Filename:
PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY.txt
Updated:
2014-12-13 20:11:36
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PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY
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PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY.txt
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PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY.txt
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  1. What is a Spontaneous pneumothorax? Describe its presentation. Who does it occur most frequently in and why?
    • Accumulation of air in the pleural space
    • Occurs most frequently in tall, thin, young males because of rupture of apical blebs.
    • PRESENTATION: Unilateral chest pain and dyspnea, unilateral chest expansion,  tactile fremitus, hyperresonance, diminished breath sounds, all on the affected side
  2. What is a Tension pneumothorax? Describe its presentation. What causes it?
    • Usually occurs in setting of trauma or lung infection.
    • Air is capable of entering pleural space but not exiting. Trachea deviates away from affected lung.
    • PRESENTATION: Unilateral chest pain and dyspnea, unilateral chest expansion,  tactile fremitus, hyperresonance, diminished breath sounds, all on the affected side
  3. In this type of pneumothorax, air is capable of entering pleural space but not exiting.
    • Tension pneumothorax-Air is capable of entering pleural space but not exiting
    • Usually occurs in setting of trauma or lung infection.
  4. In this type of pneumothoraX, the trachea deviates away from affected lung.
    • Tension pneumothorax- Air is capable of entering pleural space but not exiting
    • Usually occurs in setting of trauma or lung infection.

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