PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY.txt

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rere_girl4ever
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291476
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PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY.txt
Updated:
2014-12-13 20:29:28
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PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY
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PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY.txt
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PATHOLOGY RESPIRATORY.txt
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  1. What is a Spontaneous pneumothorax? Who does it occur most frequently in and why?
    • Accumulation of air in the pleural space
    • Occurs most frequently in tall, thin, young males because of rupture of apical blebs.
    • PRESENTATION: Unilateral chest pain and dyspnea, unilateral chest expansion,  tactile fremitus, hyperresonance, diminished breath sounds, all on the affected side
  2. What is a Tension pneumothorax? What causes it?
    • Usually occurs in setting of trauma or lung infection.
    • Air is capable of entering pleural space but not exiting. Trachea deviates away from affected lung.
    • PRESENTATION: Unilateral chest pain and dyspnea, unilateral chest expansion,  tactile fremitus, hyperresonance, diminished breath sounds, all on the affected side
  3. In this type of pneumothorax, air is capable of entering pleural space but not exiting.
    • Tension pneumothorax
    • Usually occurs in setting of trauma or lung infection.
  4. In this type of pneumothorax, the trachea deviates away from affected lung.
    • Tension pneumothorax- Air is capable of entering pleural space but not exiting
    • Usually occurs in setting of trauma or lung infection.
  5. In this type of pneumothorax, the apical blebs are ruptured.
    Spontaneous pneumothorax
  6. What are Pleural effusions? What are the three types?
    • Excess accumulation of fluid between the two pleural layers which cause? restricted lung expansion during inspiration.
    • Transudate, Exudate, Lymphatic
  7. What is Transudate Pleural Effusion?
    • Pleural effusion- Excess accumulation of fluid between the two pleural layers which cause? restricted lung expansion during inspiration.
    • Transudate: Decreased protein content.
    • Due to CHF, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis
  8. This type of pleural effusion exhibits decreased protein content.
    Transudate- Due to CHF, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis
  9. This type of pleural effusion is due to CHF
    Transudate- Decreased protein content.
  10. This type of pleural effusion is due to Nephrotic syndrome
    Transudate-Decreased protein content.
  11. This type of pleural effusion is due to Nepatic cirrhosis
    Transudate- Decreased protein content.
  12. What is Exudate Pleural Effusion?
    • Pleural effusion- Excess accumulation of fluid between the two pleural layers which cause? restricted lung expansion during inspiration
    • Exudate: Increased protein content, cloudy.
    • Due to malignancy, pneumonia, collagen vascular disease, trauma (occurs in states of  vascular permeability).
    • Must be drained in light of risk of infection.
  13. This type of pleural effusion exhibits increased protein content.
    • Exudate
    • Due to malignancy, pneumonia, collagen vascular disease, trauma (occurs in states of  vascular permeability).
    • Must be drained in light of risk of infection.
  14. This type of pleural effusion is due to Malignancy.
    • Exudate: Increased protein content, cloudy.
    • Lymphatic: Milky appearing, increased triglyceride
  15. This type of pleural effusion is due to Pneumonia.
    Exudate: Increased protein content, cloudy.
  16. This type of pleural effusion is due to Collagen vascular disease.
    Exudate: Increased protein content, cloudy.
  17. This type of pleural effusion is due to Trauma
    Exudate: Increased protein content, cloudy.
  18. What is Lymphatic Pleural Effusion?
    • Pleural effusion- Excess accumulation of fluid between the two pleural layers which cause? restricted lung expansion during inspiration
    • Lymphatic/ Chylothorax: Milky appearing fluid; increased triglycerides
    • Due to thoracic duct injury from trauma, malignancy.
  19. This type of pleural effusion is milky appearing and has increased triglyceride.
    • Lymphatic/ Chylothorax
    • Due to thoracic duct injury from trauma, malignancy.
  20. This Due to thoracic duct injury from trauma, malignancy.
    Lymphatic/ Chylothorax: Milky appearing fluid; increased triglycerides

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