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  1. The percentage of RB cells is called the
  2. the volume and ratio of RB cells, plasma and WBcells is
    packed cell volume
  3. the remaining substance in the blood that contains a complex mixture of water, hormones, etc. is
  4. when blood components are seperated in a  CBC there is a thin middle layer of WBcells and platelets called a
    buffy coat
  5. what are the three major components of blood
    • RB cells
    • WBcells
    • plasma
  6. what percentage of blood is RBcells
  7. what percentage of blood is WBcells
    less than 1%
  8. what percent of blood is plasma
  9. during RBcells development what do RB cells originate from
  10. what is another term for hemocytoblasts
    Hematopoietic stem cells
  11. during RB cells development what turns some genes on and off in order to form the necessery components of RB cells
    Hematopoietic growth factors
  12. what makes platelets
  13. a protein called TPO stimulates large cells called ______ that later break up to form platelets
  14. what is another term for RB cell
  15. the shape of the RBcells increases it surface area by having a bioconcave shape which also allows it to be an oxygen carrying cell called
  16. hemoglobin combined with oxygen is
  17. hemoglobin without oxygen with it is
  18. the _____and _____ remove old worn out RBcells
    spleen and liver
  19. what are the three primary dietary factors that affect RBcell formation
    • vitamin B12
    • Folic Acid
    • iron
  20. how does vitamin B12 affect RBcells
    aids in DNA synthesis
  21. How does iron effect RBcells
    aids in Hemoglobin synthesis
  22. how does Folic acid effect RBcells
    aids in DNA synthesis
  23. what are the 6 types of anemia
    • Aplastic
    • Hemolytic
    • Iron deficiency
    • Pernicious
    • Sickle Cell disease
    • Thalassemia
  24. A deficiency in RB cells or a reduction in the amount of hemoglobin they contain is
  25. what is the cause and result of Aplastic anemia
    • cause
    • toxic chemicals, radiation
    • result
    • damaged bone marrow
  26. what is the cause and result of hemolytic anemia
    • cause
    • toxic chemicals
    • result
    • RB cells destroyed
  27. What is the cause and result of Iron deficiency anemia
    • cause
    • dietary lack of iron
    • result
    • hemoglobin deficient
  28. what is the cause and result of pernicious anemia
    • cause
    • inability to absorb vitamin B12
    • result
    • excess of large fragile cells
  29. what is the cause and result of Sickle cells anemia
    • cause
    • defective gene
    • result
    • RB cells abnormally shaped
  30. what is the cause and result of Thalassemia
    • cause
    • defective gene
    • result
    • hemoglobin deficient and RB cells short lived
  31. what are the two types of chemical effected anemias
    • Aplastic
    • Hemolytic
  32. what are the two enviromentally caused anemias
    • iron deficiency anemia
    • pernicious anemia
  33. what are the two anemias caused by genes
    • Sickle Cell disease
    • Thalassemia
  34. when heme breaks down it breaks into iron and a greenish pigment called
  35. with further breakdown of heme the biliverdin is converted into a orange pigment called
  36. out of a microliter of blood what is considered a normal WBCC or WCC
    4,500 - 10,000 WB cells
  37. during a WBCC or WCC when WBcells exceeds 10,000 per microliter of blood this is
  38. what idicates an acute infection such as appendicitis
  39. a total WB cell count of 4500 or less per microliter of blood indicates
  40. a _________lists percentages of various types of leukocytes in a blood sample
    differential white blood cell count
  41. what are the three main types of proteins found in the plasma
    • albumins
    • globulins
    • fibrinogen
  42. what plasma proteins determines and maintains the colloid osmotic pressure
  43. what are the three types of globulin proteins
    • alpha
    • beta
    • gamma
  44. which globulin trasports lipids and fat soluble vitamins
    alpha and beta both found in the liver
  45. which globulin is consitute the antibodies of immunity
  46. what plasma proteins plays a key role in blood coagulation
  47. what hormone does platelets secrete
  48. what is another term for platelets
  49. what are the three methods of hemostasis
    • vasospasm
    • platelet plug formation
    • blood clot formation
  50. what is the stimulus for a vasospasm hemostasis
    • direct stimulation
    • and increases serotonin
  51. what is the stimulus for a platelet plug formation
    • increases thromaxan
    • decreased prostacyclin
  52. what is a stimulus for blood clot formation
    chemicals inside or outside the blood
  53. what are the two mechanisms of coagulation
    • extrinsic
    • intrinsic
  54. what iniates extrinsic clotting
    damaged vessel or tissue which activates chemicals OUTSIDE of blood
  55. what initiates intrinsic clotting
    blood contacts foreign surface activating chemicals INSIDE blood
  56. what do procoagulants do
    aids in clotting
  57. what do anitcoagulants do
    works against clotting
  58. in clotting heparin decreases what
    prothrombin activator
  59. what converts prothrombin factor II into thrombin Factor IIa.
    prothrombin activator
  60. what converts fibrinogen into fibrin threads
    thrombin factor IIa.
  61. what do fibrin threads absorb
    thrombin factor IIa.
  62. what does plasma antithrombin inhibit
    thrombin Factor IIa.
  63. what is vitamin K needed for
    to help bind calcium to proteins in the factors of coagulation
  64. blood thinners inhibit what vitamin
    vitamin k
  65. factor V and factor X combine to activate
    prothrombin activator
  66. fibrin threads and Factor XIII combine to form
    a blood clot
  67. what is an abnormally forming clot
  68. what is a moving thrombus called
  69. a blockage caused by a embolus is a
  70. what does antithrombin do
    inhibits thrombin
  71. what does prostacylin do
    decreases platelet adhesion
  72. plasminogen activator and plasminogen combine to form
  73. what does plasmin do
    dissolves clot
Card Set:
2014-12-14 21:21:34

sg blood
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