Ovarian neoplasm.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
rere_girl4ever
ID:
291543
Filename:
Ovarian neoplasm.txt
Updated:
2014-12-14 12:37:29
Tags:
Copyright UWorld Please do not save print cut copy or paste anything while test active Ovarian neoplasm
Folders:
Ovarian neoplasm.txt
Description:
Ovarian neoplasm.txt
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user rere_girl4ever on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Describe the characteristics of Serous cystadenoma.
    • Most common ovarian neoplasm.
    • Thin-walled, uni- or multilocular. Lined with fallopian-like epithelium.
    • Often bilateral
  2. This ovarian neoplasm is lined with fallopian-like epithelium.
    Serous cystadenoma
  3. Decribe the characteristics of Mucinous cystadenoma.
    Multiloculated, large. Lined by mucus-secreting epithelium.
  4. This ovarian neoplasm is lined with mucus-secreting epithelium.
    Mucinous cystadenoma.
  5. Describe the findings of Endometrioma.
    • Mass arising from growth of ectopic endometrial tissue.
    • Complex mass on ultrasound.
    • Presents with pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia.
  6. What is struma ovarii?
    Mature teratoma (contain elements from all 3 germ layers; teeth, hair, sebum) which contains functional thyroid tissue and present as hyperthyroidism.
  7. Describe the findings of Brenner tumor.
    • Solid tumor that is pale yellow-tan in color and appears encapsulated.
    • “Coffee bean” nuclei on H&E stain.
  8. “Coffee bean” nuclei on H&E stain is characteristic of this ovarian neoplasm.
    Brenner tumor
  9. Describe the findings of Fibromas.
    • Bundles of spindle-shaped fibroblasts.
    • Meigs syndrome—triad of ovarian fibroma, ascites, and hydrothorax. Pulling sensation in groin
  10. This ovarian neoplasm has bundles of spindle-shaped fibroblasts.
    Fibromas
  11. What is Meigs syndrome?
    Triad of ovarian fibroma, ascites, and hydrothorax (fluid in pleural cavity)
  12. What is a Thecoma?
    Like granulosa cell tumors, may produce estrogen. Usually present as abnormal uterine bleeding in a postmenopausal woman.
  13. This ovarian neoplasm usually present as abnormal uterine bleeding in a postmenopausal woman.
    Thecoma- produces estrogen
  14. This ovarian neoplasm contains fetal tissue, neuroectoderm.
    Immature teratoma
  15. Describe the findings of Immature teratoma.
    • Aggressive, contains fetal tissue, neuroectoderm.
    • Immature teratoma is most typically represented by immature/embryonic-like neural tissue.
    • Mature teratoma are more likely to contain thyroid tissue.
  16. Describe the findings of Granulosa cell tumor.
    • Often produce estrogen and/or progesterone and present with abnormal uterine bleeding, sexual precocity (in preadolescents), breast tenderness.
    • Histology shows Call-Exner bodies (resemble primordial follicles).
  17. This ovarian neoplasm often produce estrogen and/or progesterone and present with abnormal uterine bleeding, sexual precocity (in preadolescents), breast tenderness.
    Granulosa cell tumor
  18. Histology of this ovarian neoplasm shows Call-Exner bodies (resemble primordial follicles).
    Granulosa cell tumor
  19. Serous cystadenocarcinoma
    Most common ovarian neoplasm, frequently bilateral. Psammoma bodies.
  20. This ovarian neoplam is characteristic of Psammoma bodies.
    Serous cystadenocarcinoma
  21. Describe the findings of Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma.
    Pseudomyxoma peritonei–intraperitoneal accumulation of mucinous material from ovarian or appendiceal tumor.
  22. Pseudomyxoma peritonei–intraperitoneal accumulation of mucinous material is characteristic of?
    Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma
  23. What are the characteristics of Dysgerminoma?
    • Sheets of uniform “fried egg” cells
    • hCG, LDH = tumor markers.
  24. Sheets of uniform “fried egg” cells are characteristic of which ovarian neoplasm?
    Dysgerminoma.
  25. A tumor marker for this ovarian cell neoplasm is hCG.
    • Dysgerminoma
    • Choriocarcinoma
  26. A tumor marker for this ovarian cell neoplasm is LDH.
    Dysgerminoma
  27. What is Krukenberg tumor?
    GI malignancy that metastasizes to the ovaries, causing a mucin-secreting signet cell adenocarcinoma.
  28. This ovarian neoplasm is a mucin-secreting signet cell adenocarcinoma.
    Krukenberg tumor
  29. Yolk sac (endodermal sinus) tumor
    • Aggressive, in ovaries or testes (boys) and sacrococcygeal area in young children.
    • Most common tumor in male infants.
    • Yellow, friable (hemorrhagic), solid mass. 50% have Schiller-Duval bodies (resemble glomeruli)
    • AFP = tumor marker.
  30. A tumor marker for this ovarian neoplasm is AFP.
    Yolk sac (endodermal sinus) tumor
  31. Schiller-Duval bodies which resemble glomeruli are characteristic of which ovarian neoplasm?
    Yolk sac (endodermal sinus) tumor
  32. Describe the findings of Choriocarcinoma.
    • Malignancy of trophoblastic tissue E (cytotrophoblasts, syncytiotrophoblasts); no chorionic villi present.
    • Increased frequency of theca-lutein cysts.
    • Presents with abnormal ß-hCG, shortness of breath, hemoptysis.
    • Hematogenous spread to lungs. Very responsive to chemotherapy.
  33. In this ovarian neoplasm, there is Increased frequency of theca-lutein cysts.
    Choriocarcinoma
  34. What complications could arise from choriocarcinoma?
    Hematogenous spread to lungs.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview