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  1. As we have seen, 2 of the most important and controversial plans put forth were the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. The conflict was finally settled by a compromise suggested by which delegation?
  2. a. What did this compromise become known as? b. Explain what was agreed upon. c. It was so pivotal to the writing of the Constitution that it has often been called the _________ Compromise.
    a. Connecticut Compromise b. Congress should be composed of two houses. In the smaller Senate, the States would be represented equally. In the House, the representation of each State would be based upon its population. c. Great
  3. Once it had been agreed to base the seats in the House on each state's population, what question arose?
    Should slaves be counted in the population of the Southern States?
  4. What did the Three-Fifths Compromise provide for?
    That all "free persons" should be counted, and so should "three-fifths of all other persons." For the three-fifths won by the southerners, the northerners exacted a price. That formula was also to be used in fixing the amount of money to be raised in each State by any direct tax levied by Congress.
  5. When did this unusual compromise along with slavery disappear?
    With the 13th Amendment in 1865
  6. Where can the three-fifths reference be found in the Constitution?
    Article 1, Section 2, Clause 3
  7. Under the Commerce and Slave Trade Act, what was Congress forbidden to do?
    Congress was forbidden the power to tax the export of goods from any State. It was also forbidden the power to act on the slave trade for a period of at least 20 years.
  8. The Constitution drafted at Philadelphia has often been called a __________________.
    bundle of Compromises
  9. By no means did all, or even most of what shaped the Constitution come from ______________.
  10. None of the framers questioned for a moment the wisdom of ____________ _____________.
    Representative Government
  11. On September 8th, a committee headed by Gouvernour Morris out the Constitution in its final form. What was the name of this committee?
    Committee of Stile
  12. On September 17th, the convention approved its work. a. How many names were placed on the finished document? b. How many delegates were present?
    a. 39 b. 41
  13. Name 3 delegates that refused to sign that day.
    Edmund Randolph, Elbridge Gerry, and George Mason
  14. The new Constitution was intended to replace, not amend, the ________.
  15. What is laid out clearly in Article VII of the Constitution?
    "The ratification of the conventions of 9 States shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution."
  16. As the proposed Constitution was printed and circulated, two groups quickly emerged in each of the states. a. Name the group that favored ratification and give 2 supporters of the group. b. Also, name the group that opposed ratification and give 2 supporters of that group.
    a. Federalists- James Madison and Alexander Hamilton b. Anti-Federalists- Patrick Henry and John Hancock
  17. List 3 major reasons for opposing ratification that the anti-ratification group put forth.
    1. Objected to the ratification process. 2. The absence of any mention of God. 3. The denial to the States of a power to print money.
  18. List 2 major features of the proposed Constitution that drew the most criticism.
    1. Greatly increased powers of the central government. 2. Lack of a bill of rights
  19. List 4 basic liberties that the proposed document did not provide for.
    Freedom of speech, press, religion, and the rights of fair trial.
  20. Which State was the first to ratify the Constitution?
  21. Without his support, Virginia might never have ratified the document. Who is he?
    Thomas Jefferson
  22. In New York, a series of 85 essays appeared in newspapers. a. What did this group of essays come to be known as? b. Which 3 men were responsible for these essays supporting the Constitution?
    a. The Federalists b. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
  23. Where did the new Congress convene and when?
    March 4, 1789 on Wall Street in Federal Hall in New York City
  24. The ________ of ____________ did not become the nation's capital until 1800.
    District of Columbia
  25. _________ ___________ became the first President of the United States. In what city did Washington swear the oath of office?
    George Washington/ New York City
  26. Who became the first Vice-President?
    John Adams
Card Set:
2014-12-15 03:54:37
creating the constitution,ratification
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