Ch 5 & Ch 6 Workbook questions

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tpvang
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291654
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Ch 5 & Ch 6 Workbook questions
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2014-12-15 13:54:37
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Ch 5 & Ch 6 Workbook questions
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  1. the outer layer of the skin is the?
    epidermis
  2. the mechanism of heat loss that depends upon evaporation is?
    sweating
  3. the protein in epidermal cells that make the skin relatively waterproof is?
    keratin
  4. the tissue that stores fat in subcutaneous tissue is?
    adipose tissue
  5. the glands of the skin that are most concerned with the maintenance of body temp are?
    eccrine
  6. in the dermis, the receptors for pain are?
    free nerve endings
  7. vitamin D is formed in the skin when the skin is exposed to?
    UV rays
  8. the layer of the dermis that contains capillaries to nourish the stratums germinativum of the epidermis is the?
    papillary layer
  9. the part of the hair follicle that undergoes mitosis to form the hair is the?
    hair root
  10. the part of the epidermis that undergoes mitosis is the?
    stratum germinativum
  11. the protein that protects inner living skin from the damaging effects of uv rays is?
    melanin
  12. the layer of the skin that, if unbroken, prevents the entry of most pathogens is the?
    stratum corneum
  13. the type of burns that is characterized by painful blisters is the?
    2nd degree burn
  14. cells that increase their secretion when stimulated by uv rays are?
    melanocytes
  15. the secretion that prevents drying of ear drum?
    cerumen
  16. at the ends of fingers and toes, nails are produced in structures called?
    follicles
  17. many wbc which destroy pathogens that enter the breaks in the skin are found in the?
    areolar connective tissue
  18. the dermis is strong because of the presence of?
    collagen fibers
  19. for a person with extensive 3rd degree burn, serious potential problems are infection and
    dehydration, loss of tissue fluid (both of these)
  20. some human hair functions to keep dust out of the?
    eyes and nose
  21. all of the following are part of subcutaneous tissue except?
    keratin
  22. the defensins produced in the epidermis provide protection against?
    bacteria
  23. in cold weather, the arterioles in the dermis will?
    constrict to conserve heat
  24. the cells that are able to pick up pathogens and transport them to lymph nodes are?
    langerhans cells
  25. in the  subcutaneous tissue, histamine is produced by _____ and contributes to the process of _____.
    mast cells/ inflammation
  26. the largest bone of the arm and the leg are the?
    humerous and femur
  27. the nurtrients that become part of the bone matrix are?
    calcium and phosphorus
  28. the cells that produce bone matrix and those that reabsorb bone matrix are called?
    osteoblasts/osteoclast
  29. red bone marrow is found in the?
    spongy bone in flat and irregular bones
  30. red bone marrow produces these cells?
    RBC, WBC, platelets
  31. all of the following are irregular bones except?
    metacarpals
  32. the malleus, incus, stapes ae within the _____ bone and are concered with _____
    temporal bone/hearing
  33. sutures are the _____ joins of the _____.
    immovable/skull
  34. the frontanels of a baby's skull are made of ?
    fibrous CT
  35. the vitamin necessary for efficient absorption of calcium and phosphorus by the small intestine is?
    Vitamin D
  36. an example of a ball-and-socketjoint is the one between the ?
    femur and hip bones
  37. for bones, terms "excercise" or "stress" means?
    bearing weight
  38. these bones are all part of the axial skeleton except the ?
    hip bone
  39. in the embryo, the bones and the arms and legs are first made of?
    cartilage
  40. which bone is not part of the braincase that protects the brain?
    mandible
  41. which hormone increase the rate of mitosis in growing bones?
    growth hormone
  42. which of these joints is not a freely movable joint?
    symphysis
  43. in the long bones of a child, the part of the bone that is actually growing is the?
    epiphyseal disc
  44. the hormones that regulate blood calcium level by regulating calcium intake or output from bones are?
    calcitonin and parathyroid
  45. the structure not directly involved in the functioning of a synovial joint is the?
    marrow canal
  46. the largest and strongest vertebrae are the?
    lumbar
  47. which of the following bones do not protect an internal organ?
    phalanges
  48. the ligaments that connect bones are anchored to the?
    periosteum
  49. the pituitary gland is direcly protect by the?
    sphenoid bone
  50. the intervertebral discs are made of?
    cartilage

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