Med Term Ch 14

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o904halo
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29166
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Med Term Ch 14
Updated:
2010-08-06 20:31:33
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Reproductive
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Reproductive System
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  1. external surface region between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx
    perineum
  2. structure that surrounds, protects and supports the testicles
    scrotum
  3. egg shaped glands that produce sperm
    testicles
  4. where sperm are formed
    seminiferous tubules
  5. coiled tube at the upper part of each testicle, narrows to form the vas deferenes
    epididymis
  6. extends upward from the epididymis and is attached to each testicle
    spermatic cord
  7. head of the penis
    glans penis
  8. glands that secrete substance to nourish the sperm cells
    seminal vesicles
  9. lies under the bladder and surrounds the end of the urethra in the region where the vas deferens enters the urethra
    prostate gland
  10. Cowper's gland, secrete a fluid known as pre ejaculate
    bulbourethral gland
  11. inflammation of the glans penis
    balanitis
  12. narrowing of the opening of the foreskin so it cannot be retracted to expose the glans penis
    phimosis
  13. bent or curved penis
    peyronie's disease
  14. decrease in the male testosterone
    andropause
  15. absence of 1 or both testicles
    anorchism
  16. undescended testicle
    cryptorchidism
  17. fluid filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles
    hydrocele
  18. painful erection for more than 4 hrs
    priapism
  19. cyst in the epididymis and filled with milky fluid containing sperm
    spermatocele
  20. sharp pain in the scrotum caused by twisting of the vas deferens and blood vessels leading to the testicle
    testicular torsion
  21. knot of varicose veins in one side of the scrotum
    varicocele
  22. endoscopic surgery to move an undescended testicle into its normal position in the scrotum
    *orchiopexy
  23. sterilization procedure in which a small portion of the vas deferens is surgically removed
    vasectomy
  24. performed as an attempt to restore fertility to a vasectomized male
    vasovasostomy
  25. makes up the vulva
    • labia
    • clitoris
    • bartholin's gland
    • vaginal orifice
  26. vaginal lips that protect the other external genitalia and the urethral meatus
    labia majora and minora
  27. produce a mucus secretion to lubricate the vagina
    bartholin's gland
  28. exterior opening of the vagina
    vaginal orifice
  29. milk producing glands that develop during puberty
    mammary glands
  30. milk ducts, carry milk from the mammary glands to the nipple
    lactiferous ducts
  31. fluid filled sac containing a single ovum
    follicle
  32. female gametes
    ova
  33. funnel shaped opening into the fallopian tube near the ovary
    infundibulum
  34. fringed finger like extension in the opening of the fallopian tube
    fimbriae
  35. pear shaped organ with muscular walls and a mucous membrane lining filled with a rich blood supply of blood vessels
    uterus
  36. body of the uterus is bent forward
    anteflexion
  37. 3 major anatomic areas of the uterus
    • fundus
    • corpus
    • cervix
  38. bulging rounded part above the entrance of the fallopian tube
    fundus
  39. body of the uterus
    corpus
  40. narrow portion of the cervix that extends into the vagina
    cervix
  41. tough membranous outer layer of the uterus
    perimetrium
  42. muscular middle layer of the uterus
    myometrium
  43. inner layer of the uterus
    endometrium
  44. muscular tube lined with mucosa that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body
    vagina
  45. beginning of the menstrual function
    menarche
  46. normal termination of the menstrual function
    menopause
  47. the transition phase between regular periods and no periods at all
    perimenopause
  48. absence of ovulation when it would be normally expected
    anoulation
  49. myoma, benign tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that occurs in the wall of the uterus
    *uterine fibroid
  50. pelvic floor hernia
    uterine prolapse
  51. precancerous lesions, growth of abnormal cells in the cervix, which are detected by a pap smear
    cervical dysplasia
  52. tearing or laceration of the vaginal wall
    colporrhexis
  53. profuse, whitish mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina
    leukorrhea
  54. vaginal thrush/yeast infection
    vaginal candidiasis
  55. severe itching of the female genitalia
    pruritus vulvae
  56. chronic burning, pain during intercourse, itching or stinging irritation of the vulva
    vulvodynia
  57. round firm rubbery mass that arises from excess growth of glandular and connective tissue in the breat
    fibroadenoma
  58. production of breast milk in a woman who is not breastfeeding
    galactorrhea
  59. abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 3 or more months
    amenorrhea
  60. pain caused by uterine cramps during menstrual period
    dysmenorrhea
  61. excessive amount of menstrual flow
    hypermenorrhea
  62. small amount of menstrual flow
    hypomenorrhea
  63. intermenstrual bleeding
    menometrorrhagia
  64. infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman
    oligomenorrhea
  65. severe emotional and physical problems that are closely linked to the menstrual cycle
    premenstrual dysphoric disorder PMDD
  66. direct visual exam of the tissue of the cervix and vagina
    colposcopy
  67. tissue taked from lining of the uterus for exam
    endometrial biopsy
  68. radiographic exam of the uterus and fallopian tubes
    hysterosalpinography
  69. direct visual exam of the interior of the uterus and fallopian tube
    hysteroscopy
  70. pap smear
    papanicolaou test
  71. surgical removal of a fallopian tube and ovary
    salpingo- oophorectomy
  72. sterilization procedure in which the fallopian tube are sealed or cut
    tubal ligation
  73. surgical fixation of a prolapsed vagina to a surrounding structure
    colpopexy
  74. surgical removal of a cone shaped specimen of tissue from the cervix
    conization
  75. D & C, surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrium of the uterus is scraped away
    dilation and curettage
  76. surgical removal of uterine fibroids
    myomectomy
  77. thin outer membrane that encloses the embryo
    chorion
  78. woman who has never been pregnant
    nulligravida
  79. woman who has never borne a viable child
    nullipara
  80. woman during her first pregnancy
    primigravida
  81. woman who has borne one viable child
    primipara
  82. woman who has given birth two or more time
    multiparous
  83. time from the delivery of the placenta to approx 6 weeks after delivery
    puerperium
  84. postpartum vaginal discharge that typically continues for 4-6 weeks after childbirth
    lochia
  85. return of the uterus to normal size
    uterine involution
  86. specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients
    colostrum
  87. greasy substance that protects the fetus in utero
    vernix
  88. greenish material that collects in the intestine of a fetus
    mecoium
  89. scale to evaluate a newborns status
    apgar score
  90. hypertension, edema, and proteinuria as complications of pregnancy
    preclampsia
  91. serious form of preeclampsia, with convulsions and sometimes coma
    eclampsia
  92. surgical puncture with a needle to obtain a specimen of amniotic fluid
    amnicentesis
  93. radiographic study to measure the dimensions of the pelvis to evaluate its capacity to allow passage of the fetus thru the birth canal
    pelvimetry
  94. incision made thru the perineum to enlarge the vaginal orifice to prevent tearing of the tissues as the infant moves out of the birth canal
    episiotomy
  95. surgical suturing to repair an episiotomy
  96. neck, cervix
    ceric/o
  97. vagina
    colp/o
  98. pregnant
    gravida
  99. woman, female
    gynec/o
  100. uterus
    hyster/o
  101. breat
    mast/o
  102. menstruation
    men/o
  103. none
    nulli
  104. egg, ovum
    ov/o
  105. ovary
    ovari/o
  106. to give birth
    -para
  107. surgical fixation
    -pexy
  108. fallopian tube
    salping/o
  109. testicle, testes
    test/i test/o
  110. vagina
    vagin/o

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