Sociology 101 Durkheim DoL

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Sociology 101 Durkheim DoL
2014-12-16 02:27:29
sociology101 durkheim
sociology ucb
101 durkheim
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  1. Moral community
    AKA church (doesn’t necessarily have to be a church) a group that protests, a graduating class, a sports team; members are bound together
  2. Two types of sanctions/laws
    Repressive and Restiutive
  3. Collective conscious
    • has 2 dimensions
    • 1) institutionalized form in social structures
    • 2) cultural beliefs and sentiments that causes individuals to act in a certain manner; the collective consciousness has a life of its own because it becomes institutionalized/engrained in the law, once it is formalized the system exists in it of itself and it can detach itself from the average man
  4. 2 types of solidarity
    Mechanical and Organic
  5. Mechanical Solidarity
    • collective pressure to be similar
    • related to repressive law
  6. Organic Solidarity
    • exists in complex and denser societies with high DoL
    • collective is complementary and works in cohesion
    • expression of individual forms
    • associated with restiutive law
  7. Definition of Crime
    an act that generates punishment because it is prohibited by the collective consciousness; it offends the belief and sentiment that are common to society
  8. Opinion on Crime
    • *it is only a crime b/c collective conscious deems it a crime
    • *there is no moral norm; no right or wrong
    • *if we leave crime unpunished, society will be less unified so Durk is saying that the existence of punishment strengthens society
  9. Causes of DoL
    • increase in population
    • density creates need for interdependence in society creating complex relations
  10. Consequences of DoL
    • restiutive law becomes more prevalent
    • repressive law is handled less by collective conscious, but instead by the institution (state?)
    • religious crimes that would be punished by death disappear
    • increased DoL increases interdependence and contributes to moral integration of society
  11. Conditions under which DoL does not produce organic solidarity
    • it is because the relationships between the organs are not regulated; it is because they are in a state of anomie
    • less interaction between parts leads to feelings of isolation from society (irregular, similar to Smith; Marx believes it is society)
  12. nature of power for Durkheim, in contrast to Marx, Weber, Mauss & Elias
    • Marx: power comes from owning private property & capital
    • w/ private property you can acquire more through exploitation
    • Weber: Power is realizing of one's will, you can have your will realized and recognized by others
    • Legitimate Domination - traditional, legal-rational, charisma
    • Durk: Power came from society and from the collective conscience in the form of collective effervescence
    • Mauss: comes from obligation to give, receive, reciprocate; place someone in debt to you
    • Elias: internalization of norms and self-constraint