Card Set Information
what are the digestive organs (GI Tract)
the ______________ are not part of the long GI tube, but often develop as outgrowth of that tube.
accessory digestive organs
what are the accessory digestive organs?
the ripple-like wave of the muscular contraction that forces material to move further along the GI tract.
the churning and mixing of material helping to disperse the material and mix it and combine it with digestive organ secretions.
forms the primary mass of the tooth and it is harder than bone.
what are the teeth surfaces?
what are deciduous teeth and how many are there?
aka baby teeth or milk teeth
erupt between 6-30 months
how many permanent teeth are there and what does it consist?
canines - for puncturing and tearing
premolars - for crushing and grinding
molars - for crushing and grinding
what are the layers of the GI tract and where in body is it found?
muscularis externa - Found in mouth, pharynx, upper esophagus and lower portion of the anal canal
adventitia (serosa) - found in abdominopelvic cavity
what are the ligaments of the liver?
round ligament of the liver
what are the protective layers of the kidney?
Fibrous capsule:Dense irregular CT that covers outer surface of kidney
Perinephric fat:Provides cushioning and insulation to the kidney
Renal fascia:Anchors kidney to posterior abdominal wall
Paranephric fat:Outermost layer surrounding the kidney between renal fascia and peritoneum
what are the urine formations?
: the movement of the substance from the blood within the glomerulus into the capsular space
: the movement of substances from the tubular fluid back into the blood (ex. glucose)
: the movement of substances from the blood into the tubular fluid (ex. sodium)
difference between ADH and Aldosterone.
ADH regulates water resorption in the collecting ducts
Aldosteron regulates sodium resorption (and thus indirectly water resorption) in the renal tubules.
describe the hilum of the kidney.
The kidneys have a concave medial border called the hilum, where vessels, nerves, andthe ureter connect with the kidney
what are the difference between the male and female urethra?
: transports urine out the body
: transports both urine and sperm out the body
male urethra are partitioned into 3 segments:
1. prostatic urethra
2. membranous urethra
3. spongy urethra
primary sex organs
male and female reproductive organ and homologues
labia minora- penis(shaft)
labia majora- scrotum
male reproductive muscles
: a layer of smooth muscles that is part of the wall of the scrotum
: Formed from muscle fiber extensions of the internal oblique muscle
: is inferior and midline and surrounds the spongy urethra
what are the cells within the testes?
—nondividing support cells that assistwith sperm development; connected to each other by tight junctions and form the
2.A population of dividing germ cells that continuously produce sperm beginning at puberty
where are sperms produced
In the epididymis of the testicles
what hormone is produced in the testes?
blood brain barrier (BBB)
to protect the brain from changes in the levels in the blood of ions, amino acids, peptides, and other substances. The barrier is located at the brain blood capillaries
axial skeleton vs appendicular skeleton
: refers to the bones making up trunk up to the head
: refers to bones making up your limbs (arms & legs)
classification of joints structure
: Bones held together by dense regular connective tissue
: Bones joined by cartilage
: Bones separated by fluid-filled cavity
classification of joint function
: Immobile joint
: Slightly mobile joint
: Freely moveable joint