Anatomy- Extrinsic Pelvic Limb.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
Mawad
ID:
291693
Filename:
Anatomy- Extrinsic Pelvic Limb.txt
Updated:
2014-12-15 20:37:36
Tags:
pelvic limb anat
Folders:

Description:
vetmed
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Mawad on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Each pelvic limb consists of...(4)
    one half the pelvic girdle, the femur (thigh), tibia and fibula (crus), and the pes (tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges)
  2. The pelvic girdle is composed of two _______, each of which is formed by the... (4)
    os coxae; ilium, ischium, pubis, and acetabular bones
  3. The os coxae are associated dorsally with the _______ and midventrally united at the _________.
    sacrum; pelvic symphasis
  4. The sciatic nerve crosses over the _______ of the _______ of the pelvic girdle to reach the limb.
    greater ischiatic notch; ilium
  5. Attachment point fot sacrotuberous ligament, crus of the penis, ischiocavernosus m., biceps femoris m., semitendinosus m., and semimembranosus m.
    ischiatic tuberosity
  6. Attachment site for coccygeus m.
    ischiatic spine
  7. Common pelvic fracture site in dogs.
    pelvic symphasis
  8. Attachment site for the transverse acetabular ligament.
    acetabular notch
  9. The largest and heaviest bone in the body.
    femur
  10. Sesamoid bones of the gastrocnemius m. and of the popliteus m.
    fabella
  11. The Iliopsoas m. is a combination of the...
    Psoas m. and the Iliacus m.
  12. Iliopsoas m.******
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- Lumbar vertebrae (psoas) and craniolateral ilium
    • Insertion- lesser trochanter of the femur
    • Action- Major hip flexor
    • Innervation- Lumbar nn. and Femoral n.
  13. Tensor Fascia Latae
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- tuber coxae and middle gluteal
    • Insertion- lateral femoral fascia, blending with biceps femoris fascia
    • Action- hip flexor, stifle extensor
    • Innervation- Cranial gluteal n.
  14. Middle Gluteal *****
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- Crest of ilium and gluteal surface of ilium
    • Insertion- Greater Trochanter
    • Action- Hip extension and abduction, medial rotation of limb
    • Innervation- Cranial gluteal n.
  15. Deep Gluteal
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Action- Hip extension, hip abduction, medial rotation of limb
    • Innervation- Cranial gluteal n.
  16. The deep gluteal m. is completely covered by the _________.
    middle gluteal
  17. Superficial Gluteal
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Action- Hip extension, hip abduction
    • Innervation- Caudal gluteal n.
  18. The ____________ muscle attaches to the sacrotuberous ligament.
    superficial gluteal
  19. Biceps Femoris m.*****
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- Sacrotuberous ligament and ischiatic tuberosity
    • Insertion- patellar ligament, tibia, and tuber calcanei
    • Action- extends hip, stifle, and hock; may flex stifle
    • Innervation- Sciatic n.
  20. Semitendinosus m.*****
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- Ischiatic tuberosity
    • Insertion- body of tibia and tuber calcanei
    • Action- hip extensor, stifle flexor, hock extensor
    • Innervation- Sciatic n.
  21. Semimembranosus m.*****
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- Ischiatic tuberosity
    • Insertion- Distal caudal femur and proximal tibia
    • Action- Hip extensor, may flex or extend stifle
    • Innervation- Sciatic n.
  22. The popliteal lymph nodes are between the ____________ and the _________.
    biceps femoris m.; semitendinosus m.
  23. The two major muscles that insert on the common calcaneal tendon; what other 3 muscles also insert?
    Major: gastrocnemius m., superficial digital flexor m.; Other: biceps femoris, semitendinosus, gracilis mm.
  24. Sartorius m.
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- Cranial part-crest of ilium and thoracolumbar fascia; caudal part- cranial ventral iliac spine and the adjacent ventral border of the ilium
    • Insertion- Cranial part- the patella; caudal part- cranial border of the tibia
    • Action- to flex the hip; cranial part extends stifle; caudal part flexes stifle
    • Innervation- Femoral n.
  25. Gracilis m.
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- The pelvic symphasis by means of the symphysial tendon.
    • Insertion- Cranial border of the tibia and on the tuber calcanei.
    • Action- To adduct the limb, flex the stifle, and extend the hip and hock.
    • Innervation- Obturator n.
  26. Pectineus m.
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- Iliopubic eminence and the pubic tubercle of the pubic bone via the prepubic tendon.
    • Insertion- Distal end of the medial lip of the caudal aspect of the femur.
    • Action- To adduct the limb.
    • Innervation- Obturator n.
  27. Adductor n.
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • Origin- Entire pelvic symphasis by means of the symphaseal tendon, adjacent part of the ischiatic arch, ventral surface of pubis and ischium.
    • Insertion- The entire lateral lip of the caudal aspect of the femur.
    • Action- To adduct the limb and extend the hip.
    • Innervation- Obturator n.
  28. Quadriceps Femoris m.*****
    4 Parts-
    Origin-
    Insertion-
    Action-
    Innervation-
    • 4 Parts- Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis
    • Origin- Rectus femoris- Body of ilium, Vastus mm.- proximal femur
    • Insertion- Tibial tuberosity
    • Action- To extend the stifle, necessary for weight-bearing, rectus only- flex the hip
    • Innervation- Femoral n.
  29. The sacroiliac joint provides ________ rather than _________.
    stability; mobility
  30. The sacroiliac joint is from the __________ to the ___________.
    ilial wing; sacral wing
  31. The sacrotuberous ligament is from the ___________ to the ____________.
    sacrum and caudal vertebrae; ischiatic tuberosity of the ichium
  32. Which 3 muscles span the sacroiliac joint?
    biceps femoris, superficial gluteal, and middle gluteal mm.
  33. The pelvic symphasis joins the _______ and ________ from each os coxae.
    pubis; ischium
  34. The hip joint is a _________ joint between the __________ and ___________; its main movements are...
    ball-and-socket; acetabulum; head of the femur; flexion and extension
  35. What are the 2 ligaments involves in the hip joint?
    ligament of the femoral head and the transverse acetabular ligament
  36. What are the 2 types of joint sacs involved in the stifle joint?
    femorotibial joint, femoropatellar joint
  37. The femorotibial joint of the stifle is between the _________ and the __________; the ligaments of this joint are the ____________ and the ______________.
    femoral condyles; tibial condyles; medial and lateral collateral ligaments
  38. Fibrocartilage that is between each femoral condyle and its corresponding tibial condyle within the joint capsule.
    medial and lateral menisci of the femorotibial joint
  39. The meniscofemoral ligament is from the _________ to the __________.
    lateral mensci; intercondylar fossa of the femur
  40. The caudal cruciate ligament of the stifle joint is from the ___________ to the __________.
    caudal aspect of the tibia lateral aspect of the medial femoral condyle
  41. The cranial cruciate ligament of the stifle joint is from the ________ to the _______.
    cranial aspect of the tibia; medial aspect of the lateral femoral condyle
  42. What are the 2 ways to diagnose a cranial cruciate ligament tear in a dog?
    cranial drawer test, cranial tibial thrust test
  43. The femoropatellar ligament extends from the _________ to the _________.
    patella; gastrocnemial seamoid on each side

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview