Anatomy- Pelvic Limb Vasculature.txt

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Mawad
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291697
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Anatomy- Pelvic Limb Vasculature.txt
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2014-12-15 20:39:47
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pelvic limb vessels nerves anatomy
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vetmed
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  1. The lumbosacral plexus consists of of ventral branches of...
    L4-7 and S1-2
  2. All pelvic limb nerves arise from the ___________.
    lumbosacral plexus
  3. What 7 main nerves make up the lumbosacral plexus? Include their branches.
    obturator n., femoral n. (saphenous n.), pudendal n., caudal cutaneous femoral n., cranial gluteal n., caudal gluteal n., sciatic n. (tibial n., common peroneal n. (deep peroneal n., superficial peroneal n.))
  4. The obturator nerve runs medial to __________ and in the medial aspect of the ________ through the cranial aspect of the __________.
    iliopsoas m.; ilial body; obturator foramen
  5. What muscle does the obturator n. innervate? (5)
    external obturator, adductor longus, pectineus, gracilia, and levator ani mm.
  6. The femoral n. innervates ____________ m. and is therefore required for _________ of the pelvic limb.
    quadriceps; weight-bearing
  7. The femoral nerve runs ventromedial to ___________ and innervates ____ (2)______ before branching to ___________ at the _________ aspect, which innervates... (2)
    iliopsoas m.; iliopsoas and quadriceps femoris mm.; saphenous n.; cranial; sartorius (both parts) m., skin of the medial thigh, stifle, leg, tarsus, and paw
  8. The pudendal n. is lateral to the ___________ and ___________, and it is dorsal to the ________________.
    levator ani m.; coccygeus m.; internal pudendal vessels
  9. What are the 3 branches of the pudendal n. and what do they innervate?
    caudal rectal n. (external anal sphincter), perineal nn. (skin of anus and perineum), dorsal nerve of the penis/clitoris
  10. The caudal cutaneous femoral n. is mostly united with the ___________ while in the pelvic cavity; it follows the __________ to innervate...
    pudendal n.; caudal gluteal a.; skin of the proximal caudal thigh
  11. The lumbosacral trunk is the union of what 3 nn.?
    caudal gluteal, cranial gluteal, and sciatic nn.
  12. What 3 mm. does the cranial gluteal n. innervate?
    middle gluteal, deep gluteal, tensor fascia latae mm.
  13. hat muscle does the caudal gluteal n. innervate?
    superficial gluteal m.
  14. The sciatic n. emerges from the ____________ after the cranial and caudal gluteal nn.; it crosses the ____________ and gives off small branches that innervate ____(3)_____; then it travels caudally between the ___________ and ___________ and distally to innervate... (3)
    lumbosacral trunk; greater ischiatic notch; internal obturator, gemelli, and quadratus femoris mm.; greater trochanter; ischium; biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus mm.
  15. The sciatic n. terminates at the thigh by branching to...
    common peroneal n. and tibial n.
  16. The common peroneal n. runs between the ________ and _________ to innervate __________.
    lateral digital flexor m.; peroneus longus m.; peroneus longus m.
  17. What are the branches of the common peroneal n., and what do they innervate?
    superficial peroneal n. (lateral digital extensor and peronius brevis mm.), deep peroneal n. (cranial tibial, long digital extensor, external hallucis longus, and external digitorum brevis mm.)
  18. The tibial n. branches off the ________ and runs between the ________ to innervate... (5)
    sciatic n.; two heads of the gastrocnemius m.; gastrocnemius, superficial digital flexor, popliteus, deep digital flexor, and plantar mm.
  19. What are the arteries at the termination of the aorta?
    external iliac, internal iliac, median sacral aa.
  20. The internal iliac aa. supply the ___________; then, what are the 2 branches and what do they supply?
    umbilicus (round ligament of the bladder); internal pudendal a. (pelvic cavity and urogenital organs) caudal gluteal a. (cont. aftet internal pudendal branches- supplies lateral gluteal region)
  21. The external iliac a. goes to the __________, where the _______ branches off and the continuation is the ________.
    pelvic limb; deep femoral a.; femoral a.
  22. The deep femoral a. branches off the _____________; it gives off the ____________ and continues as the ___________.
    external iliac a.; pudendoepigastric trunk; medial circumflex femoral a.
  23. The pudendoepigastric trunk branches off of the ___________ and it gives of the following 2 branches that supply...
    deep femoral a. (from the internal iliac a., from the aorta); external pudendal a. (skin around genitalia) and the caudal epigastric a. (ventral side of caudal body wall)
  24. The ____________ is the continuation of the deep femoral a. outside of the body cavity.
    femoral a.
  25. The first branch of the femoral a.
    superficial circumflex iliac a.
  26. The lateral circumflex femoral a. supplies the ____________.
    quadriceps femoris m.
  27. The saphenous a. supplies the ___________ and branches to...
    skin; cranial and caudal branches of the saphenous a.
  28. The descending genicular a. is a branch of the ___________ that comes off ___________ at the __________.
    femoral a.; cranially; stifle joint
  29. After the descending genicular a. branches from the femoral a., the ___________ branches.
    middle caudal femoral a.
  30. The distal caudal femoral a. is the last branch of the ___________ that supplies... (5)
    femoral a.; biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, gastrocnemius, and digital flexor mm.
  31. After the distal caudal femoral a. branches, the femoral a. becomes the ____________.
    popiteal a.
  32. The ___________ branches off the popiteal a., then it becomes the ___________.
    caudal tibial a.; cranial tibial a.
  33. The cranial tibial a. becomes the __________ at the __________.
    dorsal pedal a.; tarsus joint
  34. The 3 best places to take a pulse and what artery they involve.
    • Femoral triangle- femoral a.
    • Medial middle third of the tibia- cranial branch of the saphenous a.
    • Dorsum of tarsus- dorsal pedal a.
  35. The medial saphenous vein runs with the __________ and drains into the _________.
    saphenous a.; femoral v.
  36. The lateral saphenous vein drains into the _____________.
    distal caudal femoral v.
  37. The external iliac v. and internal iliac v. come together to form the _______________ on each side, which joint to form the ____________.
    right and left common iliac v.; vena cava
  38. The 3 components of the femoral triangle.
    femoral a. and v., saphenous n.
  39. The femoral triangle is bounded cranially by the _____________, caudally by the ______________, and laterally by _____________ and ____________.
    sartorius m.; pectineus m.; vacstus medialis and rectus femoris mm.
  40. The vascular lacuna is dorsal to the _________.
    femoral triangle
  41. The vascular lacuna is the site for ___________, and the inguinal canal is the site for __________.
    femoral hernia; inguinal hernia

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