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concept of the "civilizing process"
- the civilizing process was neither planned nor intended;
- reorganization of the human habitus that occurs with the displacement, over time, of the frontiers of shame:>violence, display of bodily functions become repulsive
- it has no beginning, but is a continuous process (though a non linear one)
- it is neither random nor under structured: the civilizing process is ordered and meaningful
Social differentiation and competition between classes
- because of increased volume and density people began to specialize tasks , this interdependence created a need for Class distinction and competition between class groups
- define the haves from the have nots
meaning of "habitus"
- That which is second nature or conditioned in us, our idea of proper behavior and conduct
- it is not something we are born with; it has evolved and constructed; so rooted within us that it becomes part of our psyche
Civilizing process - the reorganization of the human habitus that occurs with the displacement, over time, of the frontiers of shame
- violence, display of bodily functions become repulsive
- “natural impulses” are brought under the control of the self (and the individual superego)
- people begin to calculate more
Civilizing process - increased interdependence and social differentiation
- Change in patterns of mutual dependence (very Durkheimian)
- Example of traffic in a complex and less complex society,requiring different kinds of psychological readiness: from emotional alertness to self-control
Civilizing process - change in power
- Pacification of social space: monopolization of physical force by stable, central political organization (state).
- Change of social structure: emergence of non-violent forms of social competition (status competition, ability to moderate one’s affects in court society)
- Rationalization, expansion of calculability, as people evaluate the possible consequences of their actions
- the formation of society
- the way people are bonded to each other
- the formation of the self;
- happening at an internal level;
- this depended on the monopolization of power by the state