Sociology 101 Durkheim EFRL

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Sociology 101 Durkheim EFRL
2014-12-16 02:26:41
sociology ucb
sociology 101
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  1. social origin of categories of human understanding
    • the categories came through religious origins
    • collective representations are a vast cooperative effort that extends through space and time
    • repeated history
    • people categorize based on collective experience (religion)
  2. Definition of religion
    • Difference between sacred/profane
    • Rituals and beliefs
    • Having a moral community
  3. Sacred and Profane
    • Profane  is the daily life
    • Sacred is set around prohibitions, rituals elevate the object, place, or group
  4. Totemism
    • system of beliefs where humans are believed to have a special relationship with an object, animal or plant AKA a totem
    • Example Oski Bear for Berkeley student
  5. the nature of religion as a social creation
    • Things are sacred when there is a moral consensus on their sacredness.
    • Religions are collective representations, i.e. they are system of ideas by which people represent their society and the world to themselves.
  6. Two types of Rites
    Negative and Positive
  7. Negative rites
    • a mark to differentiate sacred from profane
    • Rites of prohibition / asceticism: abstinence, retreats, fasts
    • Purpose is to detach oneself from the profane world
    • mental and physical suffering to purify body/soul
  8. Positive rites
    • Purpose is to affirm one’s relation with the realm of the sacred; usually in the form of celebration
    • Prepared by negative rites
    • Rites of consecration, sacrifice
    • Example: graduation, parades, funerals
  9. social function of symbols and rites (Durkheim's functionalism)
    Functionalism: refers to the idea that religion and social rights serve the function of increasing solidarity and affirming collective consciousness
  10. Rites: (definition given in lecture)
    Rituals definition
    • Rites: “rules of conduct relative to sacred things”
    • Rituals: organized around sacred objects as its focal point and organized into cultic practice, was the fundamental source of the “collective conscience” that provides individuals with meaning and binds them into a community