hcom final

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  1. preschool master -ing
    "mommy driving"
    19-28 mo
  2. preschool master plural -s > cats
    27-33 mo
  3. preschool master possessive 's> mommy's
    26-40 mo.
  4. preschool master -ed. >pulled
    @ 26-48 mo
  5. preschool master 3rd person -s> she hits
    26-46 mo
  6. -er mastered at "reacher"
    age 5
  7. -man mastered at "busman"
    2 years
  8. would you expect a 2 yr old to understand "bigger" vs "big"?

    3-4 yo understand
  9. would you expect a 4 yr old to talk about a simple past event?
  10. deistic terms
    • "here", "there"- positional words.
    •  5th grader should have mastered it
  11. ***4 genres of naratives
    • 1. recount:  tells about past experiences in which a child participated or observed or about which a child read and is usually requested by an adult.
    • 2. Eventcast: is an explanation of some current or anticipated event and may be used to direct others in imaginative play sequences,as in You’re the daddy; and you pretend to get dressed; you’re going to take the baby to the zoo.
    • 3. Accounts:  are highly individualized spontaneous narratives in which children share their experiences (“You know what?”) and t hus are not reporting information requested by adults. 
    • 4. stories:  although fictionalized and with seemingly endless content variation, have a known and anticipated pattern or structure in which the main character must overcome some problem or challenge
  12. In general,older children’s narratives are characterized by the following:
    • 1. Fewer unresolved problems and unprepared resolutions.
    • 2. Less extraneous detail.
    • 3. More overt marking of changes in time and place.
    • 4. More introduction,including setting and character information.
    • 5. Greater concern for motivation and internal reactions.
    • 6. More complex episode structure.
    • 7. Closer adherence to the story grammar model.
  13. Morphophonemic changes
    phonological or sound modifications that result when morphemes are placed together. For example, the final /k/ in electric changes to a /s/ in electricity.

    start learning around 5 or 6 y.o.
  14. Development of Metalinguistic Skills and Awareness: 
    • 1. Monitor own utterances
    • ■ Repair spontaneously
    • ■ Adjust speech to different listeners
  15. Development of Metalinguistic Skills and Awareness
    • 2. Check the result of own utterance
    • ■ Check whether the listener has understood; if not,repair or try again
    • ■ Comment explicitly on own utterances and those of others
    • ■ Correct others
    • 3. Test for reality
    • ■ Decide whether a word or sentence “works”in furthering listener understanding
    • 4. Attempt to learn language deliberately
    • ■ Apply appropriate inflections to “new”words
    • ■ Practice speech styles of different roles
  16. Development of Metalinguistic Skills and Awareness
    School Age
    • 5. Predict the consequences of using particular forms (inflections,words, phrases,sentences)
    • ■ Judge utterances as appropriate for a specific listener or setting
    • ■ Correct word order and wording in sentences judged as “wrong”
    • 6. Reflect on an utterance (structure independent of use)
    • ■ Identify specific linguistic units (sounds,syllables,words,sentences)
    • ■ Provide definitions of words
    • ■ Construct puns,riddles,or other forms of humor
    • ■ Explain why some sentences are possible and how to interpret them
    • ■ Judge utterance correctness
  17. figurative language
    • "raining cats and dogs"
    • mastered at adolecence- around 9
  18. when do kids start being interested in reading?
    when parents give them books (infancy)
  19. awareness of words
    at 3 mo.
  20. female talk
    • more polite
    • are inturrupted
  21. male talk
    • more direct
    • do more inturrupting
  22. using "a" and "the"
    • preschool age (3,4) because they aren't important before that
    • these are the only articles!
  23. typical verbs used by preschoolers
    • first action words "go"
    • then occurrence "thought"
  24. Aux
    • "be" verbs, is watching
    • have
    • do
  25. Age of Development of Irregular Past-Tense Verbs
    • years
    • 3–31⁄2 Hit/Hurt
    • 3 1⁄2–4 Went
    • 4–4 1⁄2 Saw
    • 4 1⁄2–5 Gave/Ate
  26. preschoolers talk about here and now
  27. omission vs substitution
    substitution is better
  28. all kids have phonological process
  29. #of words for a 5 y.o./ high schooler
    2,200 /80,000
  30. **most significant growth from school age to adult
  31. conversational repair
    mastered at 9 y.o.
  32. process of writing starts at
    •  2 yo scribbling
    • can see by how they draw
  33. men vs women conversations
    • men- more debate
    • women- more intimacy
  34. non-linguistic vs para-linguistic
    non-ling:  not consisting of or related to languag

    para-ling: Vocal and nonvocal codes that are superimposed on a linguistic code to signal the speaker’s attitude or emotion or to clarify or provide additional meaning.
Card Set:
hcom final
2014-12-16 09:47:51
hcom final

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