cognition final part 2

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Author:
jeremygregory25
ID:
291782
Filename:
cognition final part 2
Updated:
2014-12-16 15:45:45
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csuchico
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cognition final part 2
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  1. describe the meaning and give a daily-life example of sematicity
    language conveys meaning (unlike other sounds we may create)

    example: ouch (means that something hurts)
  2. describe the meaning and give a daily-life example of arbitrariness
    there is no inherit connections between the units (sounds, words) used in a language and the meaning referred to by those units
  3. describe the meaning of flexability
    the arbitrary connections between sounds and meanings can be changed and new ones can be invented
  4. describe the meaning of naming
    the assigning of names to all objects in our environment, to all the feelings and emotions we experience, to all the ideas and concepts we conceive of
  5. describe the meaning of displacement
    the ability to talk about something other than the present moment (talk about the past and the possible future)
  6. describe the meaning of productivity/generativity
    language is productive and inherently novel activity, we generate sentences rather than repeat them
  7. Explain why onomatopoeia are an exception to arbitrariness
    the naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it
  8. Explain why arbitrariness makes it important that language is shared
    there is no inherent connections between the units (sounds, words) used in a language and the meanings referred to by those units
  9. Explain how arbitrariness leads to language being flexible
    the arbitrary connections between sounds and meanings can be changed and new ones can be invented
  10. Explain why the productivity of language requires rules/syntax/grammar
    to understand and produce an infinity set of sequences of words we need to have a set of rules (grammar, syntax)

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