SOC101 Ch 15

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Author:
JustDoughnut
ID:
291799
Filename:
SOC101 Ch 15
Updated:
2014-12-16 20:53:29
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Sociology Vocabulary 15
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Description:
Vocabulary terms from sociology textbook chapter 15
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  1. Crude Birth Rate
    the number of live births per 1,000 people in a population in a given year.
  2. Crude Death Rate
    the number of deaths per 1,000 people in a population in a given year.
  3. Demographic Transition
    the process by which some societies have moved from high birth rates and death rates to relatively low birth rates and death rates as a result of technological development.
  4. Demography
    a subfield of sociology that examines population size, composition, and distribution.
  5. Fertility
    the actual level of childbearing for an individual or a population.
  6. Gentrification
    the process by which members of the middle and upper-middle classes, especially whites, move into a central-city area and renovate existing properties.
  7. Invasion
    the process by which a new category of people or type of land use arrives in an area previously occupied by another group or land use.
  8. Migration
    the movement of people from one geographic area to another for the purpose of changing residency.
  9. Mortality
    the incidence of death in a population.
  10. Population Composition
    the biological and social characteristics of a population, including age, sex, race, marital status, education, occupation, income, and size of household.
  11. Population Pyramid
    a graphic representation of the distribution of a population by sex and age.
  12. Sex Ratio
    a term used by demographers to denote the number of males for every hundred females in a given population.
  13. Succession
    the process by which a new category of people or type of land use gradually predominates in an area formerly dominated by another group or activity.
  14. Zero Population Growth
    the point at which no population increase occurs from year to year.

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