Who was in the Populist Party and what speech did he give?
William Jennings Bryan gave the Cross of Gold speech and wanted coinage of silver
Protestant Christian intellectual movement in the early 20th century
Investigative journalist who spotlighted corruption in society
muckraker-rich people took the action to improve living conditions of the poor/lower class
muckraker-USDA & Meat Inspection Act
attacked the Standard Oil Co. (Rockefeller); giving the influence to have a hands off type of gov.
The first large-scale effort by US gov to regulate state businesses
Interstate Commerce Act (1887)
Federal law that was established in 1883 that provided selection of government employees by competitive exams, rather than political ties
break up trust, protect environment & public health, improve conditions for factory workers
Bull Moose Party
Progressive political party
hown in 1912 to have an effect on elections
Policy of building good economic relations with countries in Latin America
System in which support is given only to countries whose moral beliefs are similar to that of the nation; Used by Wilson to support countries with democratic governments and to increase the number of democratic nations
Wilson- Moral Diplomacy
Who created Moral Diplomacy
People who broke up big businesses taking over the economy through anti-trust regulations. Teddy Roosevelt was nicknamed this
created a federal income tax; this gave the federal government the power to directly tax citizens.
direct election of US senators
banned the sale of alcohol- prohibition
central banking system of the United States today
law reformed the banking industry by establishing 12 regional Federal Reserve Banks to serve as banks for the banks.
law also gave the federal government the power to set interest rates and to control the amount of money in circulation.
Clayton Antitrust Act
sought to prevent anticompetitive practices in their incipiency.
The attitude or practice of accepting a situation as it is and being prepared to deal with it accordingly
Susan B. Anthony
was influential in womens suffrage movement; she led marches, gave speeches, and helped create National Womens suffrage movement
focused on lobbying individual states to allow women to vote
where the fight for womens voting rights began (in 1848)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
organized womens right and womens suffrage movements; supporter of the Temperance Movement and fought for rights of birth control use
the right to vote
Fire safety laws in factories and workplaces were starting to be enforced after multiple fire incidents in the workplace and unsafe practices
Triangle shirtwaist factory
Socialist Party candidate in the Election of 1912
Eugene V Debs
Style of reporting, in which writers often exaggerated or lied to attract readers.
Hearst and Pulitzer
The stories led to calls to go to war to Spain and protect the rights of the Cubans.
Used US Marines to remove Queen Liliuokalani from power, and then declared Hawaii a republic and asked to be annexed from US. basically exploiting the agricultural industry in Hawaii.
Typically the exploitation of crops and resources in developing countries, by a developed country.
A note written by Señor Don Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, the Spanish Ambassador to the United States. Insulted Americans, which, in turn, caused Americas aggressive foreign policy.
An addition to the Monroe Doctrine. Claimed that the U.S. had the authority to intervene in Latin American affairs in order to keep the Euros out. Speak softly, but carry a big stick.
an example of Roosevelts big stick policy. The Canal made it much more efficient to trade from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean. Also it was crucial for the U.S to become a world power because the navy could be moved much faster to wherever they may be needed.
were a group of men who became war heros during the Spanish-American war. They were led by Teddy Roosevelt on the Charge of San Juan Hill. John J. Pershing was a hero and would be a key leader in WWI.
Open Door Policy
significant because it opened the ports of China so America and other regions outside of sphere of influence could trade with them
Spheres of Influence
areas where a foreign nation controls the economic development of a nation
stipulated the seven conditions for the withdrawal of the US troops in Cuba. It restricted Cubas foreign policy, established Cubas boundaries, US could purchase land from Cuba for coaling and have a naval station.
Effect of Spanish-American War
Cuba could not make treaties with other nations that would reduce its independence and the US could intervene with foreign affairs to maintain Cubas independence. Alfred Thayer Mahan-His ideas on the importance of sea power convinced U.S. leaders of the need to build a powerful navy
Alfred Thayer Mahan
His ideas on the importance of sea power convinced U.S. leaders of the need to build a powerful navy
What happen to USS Maine
February 15, 1898, the USS Maine sank in Havana Harbor after an explosion, resulting in the deaths of 266 U.S. sailors. Blamed on Spain. Americans wanted revenge. US then declared war.