WWI & 1920s.txt

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WWI & 1920s.txt
2014-12-17 23:05:37

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  1. his assassination was the “spark” that ignited WW one
    Franz Ferdinand
  2. Neutrality
    not being on either side of the war, America was neutral until they joined the war in 1917
  3. U-Boats
    German submarines that hit the Lusitania without warning(unrestricted submarine warfare) killing over 1200 people including some Americans. This action was one of the main reasons for the United States entering the war.
  4. Sussex Pledge
    The Germans promised to not sink ships without warning but in January of 1917, Germany resumed unrestricted warfare
  5. Zimmerman Telegram
    telegram created supposedly by the Germans to make a deal with Mexico that promised them land if they went to war with America. It was intercepted by the British and shown to America and was the last straw for America to go to war against Germany.
  6. Lusitania
    it was believed that German submarines sunk this British cruise ship killing 128 Americans, and because of this unrestricted submarine warfare America joined the war
  7. consisted of the United States Armed Forces sent to Europe in World War I. (fought in the Battle of Argonne Forest)
    AEF(The American Expeditionary Forces)
  8. Alvin C. York
    was the most decorated soldier in WW1
  9. Americas big battle that they won that was the turning point in the war and ended the war
    Battle of Argonne Forest
  10. trench warfare
    new type of warfare in which both sides dig trench systems/holes and attack eachother
  11. service in the armed forces under conscription
    Selective Service
  12. ruled that the espionage act was constitutional which outlawed supporting US enemies during the war and interfering with military actions. This gave the government to overrule previous laws (*clear and present danger*)
    Schenk vs U.S.
  13. WWI technology
    • -flame thrower(trench fighting, short distance)
    • -submarine(stopped sea traffic)
    • -trenches
    • -tanks(defense and offense)
    • -artillery(guns)
    • -field guns
    • -battleships(trick enemies and fire)
    • -airplanes(provided info)
    • -machine guns
    • -poison gas(trench/field)
  14. when citizens back home also help out in the war effort. A war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
    Total war
  15. 14 points
    President Woodrow Wilson’s statement that included 14 points to obtain and keep everlasting peace, it was not meant to destroy Germany and was more aimed at the building of a League of Nations (which is why America is not in it)
  16. Treaty of Versailles
    Treaty that brought the war to an end, blamed Germany for the whole war and gave Germany many consequences/set backs
  17. an American Republican Senator and historian from Massachusetts. A PhD in history from Harvard, he was a long-time friend and confidant of Theodore Roosevelt. Lodge had the role of the first Senate Majority Leader.
    Henry Cabot Lodge
  18. 1920s election
    after WWI and large disapproval of Woodrow Wilson ;won by Warren Harding
  19. US wouldn’t join the League of Nations or get involved with foreign affairs; still traded but had high tariffs; strict rules on immigration
  20. mass arrests and deportation of radicals; Mitchell Palmer encouraged the raids in hopes of advancing in his presidential ambitions;A wave of strikes, race riots, and anarchist bombings in eight cities provided the context for the Palmer Raids.
    Palmer Raids
  21. Red Scare
    fear of communism
  22. were convicted of murdering two men during the armed robbery of a shoe factory in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States in 1920. They both adhered to a strain of anarchism that advocated relentless warfare against a violent and oppressive government.
    Sacco and Vanzetti
  23. KKK
    White protestants and it stands for:Anti-communism, Anti Semitism, Homophobia, Islamophobia, Neo-Nazism, Anti-miscegenation, Misogyny, White supremacy. Many whites believe that joining this group would allow them to stick with the “status quo.”
  24. Nativist
    people who favored native inhabitants rather than immigrants;Anglo-Saxon believed their rights were more superior
  25. Henry Ford
    opened Ford Motor Co.; invented the model T
  26. founder of U.S. aircraft industry; American aviation pioneer who made motorcyles
  27. installment plan
    promoted consumerism; a way to make large items more affordable by having people pay it off gradually every month
  28. speculation
    investment-buying stocks on margin; this was like gambling in a sense that investors “gambled” in hopes that their stock would go up
  29. Prohibition
    18th Amendment;made drinking or selling alcohol illegal; led to gangs; Al Capone was a famous crime boss; Elliot Ness worked to enforce prohibition and defeated Al Capone; creation of illegal bars called speakeasies
  30. Scopes Trial
    John Scope was tried for teaching evolution which went against ideas in the bible
  31. Eugenics
    the belief and practice of improving the genetic quality of the human population.; promotion of higher reproduction of people with desired traits (positive eugenics), and reduced reproduction of people with less-desired or undesired traits (negative eugenics)
  32. Immigration laws of 1920s
    The Immigration Act of 1924(Johnson-Reed Act), National Origins Act, Asian Exclusion Act limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the United States in 1890, down from the 3% cap set by the Immigration Restriction Act of 1921. The law was primarily aimed at further restricting immigration of Southern Europeans, Eastern Europeans, and Jews. In addition, it severely restricted the immigration of Africans and prohibited the immigration of Arabs, East Asians, and Indians.
  33. flapper
    wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior. Flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, treating sex in a casual manner, smoking, driving automobiles, and otherwise flouting social and sexual norms
  34. New York City musician publishers and songwriters who dominated popular music during this time
    Tin Pan Alley
  35. Lost Generation
    a phrase used to describe the generation of writers/ depicts the generation’s lost values, pessimistic ideals, and lack of positive morale leading to hedonism.
  36. wrote short stories, plays, poetry, and novels. He also created a new literary art form called jazz poetry. Along with being a cultural influence, he was also a social activist.
    Langston Hughes
  37. Marcus Garvey
    civil rights activist who participated in Pan-Africanism movements & Black Nationalism. In turn, he inspired the Rastfarian movement and the Nation of Islam
  38. Babe Ruth
    Major league baseball outfielder and pitcher for the Yankees; Hall of Fame w/ home run record of 60
  39. made the first solo nonstop flight Across the Atlantic Ocean
    Charles Lindbergh