WWI & 1920s.txt
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his assassination was the spark that ignited WW one
not being on either side of the war, America was neutral until they joined the war in 1917
German submarines that hit the Lusitania without warning(unrestricted submarine warfare) killing over 1200 people including some Americans. This action was one of the main reasons for the United States entering the war.
The Germans promised to not sink ships without warning but in January of 1917, Germany resumed unrestricted warfare
telegram created supposedly by the Germans to make a deal with Mexico that promised them land if they went to war with America. It was intercepted by the British and shown to America and was the last straw for America to go to war against Germany.
it was believed that German submarines sunk this British cruise ship killing 128 Americans, and because of this unrestricted submarine warfare America joined the war
consisted of the United States Armed Forces sent to Europe in World War I. (fought in the Battle of Argonne Forest)
AEF(The American Expeditionary Forces)
Alvin C. York
was the most decorated soldier in WW1
Americas big battle that they won that was the turning point in the war and ended the war
Battle of Argonne Forest
new type of warfare in which both sides dig trench systems/holes and attack eachother
service in the armed forces under conscription
ruled that the espionage act was constitutional which outlawed supporting US enemies during the war and interfering with military actions. This gave the government to overrule previous laws (*clear and present danger*)
Schenk vs U.S.
- -flame thrower(trench fighting, short distance)
- -submarine(stopped sea traffic)
- -tanks(defense and offense)
- -field guns
- -battleships(trick enemies and fire)
- -airplanes(provided info)
- -machine guns
- -poison gas(trench/field)
when citizens back home also help out in the war effort. A war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
President Woodrow Wilsons statement that included 14 points to obtain and keep everlasting peace, it was not meant to destroy Germany and was more aimed at the building of a League of Nations (which is why America is not in it)
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that brought the war to an end, blamed Germany for the whole war and gave Germany many consequences/set backs
an American Republican Senator and historian from Massachusetts. A PhD in history from Harvard, he was a long-time friend and confidant of Theodore Roosevelt. Lodge had the role of the first Senate Majority Leader.
Henry Cabot Lodge
after WWI and large disapproval of Woodrow Wilson ;won by Warren Harding
US wouldnt join the League of Nations or get involved with foreign affairs; still traded but had high tariffs; strict rules on immigration
mass arrests and deportation of radicals; Mitchell Palmer encouraged the raids in hopes of advancing in his presidential ambitions;A wave of strikes, race riots, and anarchist bombings in eight cities provided the context for the Palmer Raids.
fear of communism
were convicted of murdering two men during the armed robbery of a shoe factory in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States in 1920. They both adhered to a strain of anarchism that advocated relentless warfare against a violent and oppressive government.
Sacco and Vanzetti
White protestants and it stands for:Anti-communism, Anti Semitism, Homophobia, Islamophobia, Neo-Nazism, Anti-miscegenation, Misogyny, White supremacy. Many whites believe that joining this group would allow them to stick with the status quo.
people who favored native inhabitants rather than immigrants;Anglo-Saxon believed their rights were more superior
opened Ford Motor Co.; invented the model T
founder of U.S. aircraft industry; American aviation pioneer who made motorcyles
promoted consumerism; a way to make large items more affordable by having people pay it off gradually every month
investment-buying stocks on margin; this was like gambling in a sense that investors gambled in hopes that their stock would go up
18th Amendment;made drinking or selling alcohol illegal; led to gangs; Al Capone was a famous crime boss; Elliot Ness worked to enforce prohibition and defeated Al Capone; creation of illegal bars called speakeasies
John Scope was tried for teaching evolution which went against ideas in the bible
the belief and practice of improving the genetic quality of the human population.; promotion of higher reproduction of people with desired traits (positive eugenics), and reduced reproduction of people with less-desired or undesired traits (negative eugenics)
Immigration laws of 1920s
The Immigration Act of 1924(Johnson-Reed Act), National Origins Act, Asian Exclusion Act limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the United States in 1890, down from the 3% cap set by the Immigration Restriction Act of 1921. The law was primarily aimed at further restricting immigration of Southern Europeans, Eastern Europeans, and Jews. In addition, it severely restricted the immigration of Africans and prohibited the immigration of Arabs, East Asians, and Indians.
wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior. Flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, treating sex in a casual manner, smoking, driving automobiles, and otherwise flouting social and sexual norms
New York City musician publishers and songwriters who dominated popular music during this time
Tin Pan Alley
a phrase used to describe the generation of writers/ depicts the generations lost values, pessimistic ideals, and lack of positive morale leading to hedonism.
wrote short stories, plays, poetry, and novels. He also created a new literary art form called jazz poetry. Along with being a cultural influence, he was also a social activist.
civil rights activist who participated in Pan-Africanism movements & Black Nationalism. In turn, he inspired the Rastfarian movement and the Nation of Islam
Major league baseball outfielder and pitcher for the Yankees; Hall of Fame w/ home run record of 60
made the first solo nonstop flight Across the Atlantic Ocean
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