govnt flashcards

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Author:
aprescott
ID:
291910
Filename:
govnt flashcards
Updated:
2014-12-19 01:13:21
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govnt
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  1. 3 parts of Constitution
    • Preamble-intro to constitution
    • 7 articles- Body of constitution
    • 27 Amendments-changes to constitution
  2. Limited Government
    • they give you everything you want but strong enough to take away everything also..
    • Powers are limited
  3. Concurrent
    Powers that are shared
  4. William Marbury
    comission papers
  5. James Madison
    • secretary of state for Thomas Jefferson
    • the one to find Marberrys comission papers
  6. John Adams
    • appointed midnight judges
    • thomas jefferson took over john adams spot
  7. Jefferson thoughts towards constitution
    should be revised every generation
  8. Madisons thought of constitution
    should not be changed because it could split country and cause chaos
  9. Simple Majority
    1/2 people vote
  10. Super majority
    • 3/4
    • overriding veto 2/3
  11. Popular Soverignty
    will of the people
  12. Federalism
    power is divided among central authority(national) and political (state)

    ex-federal republic
  13. NATIONAL.


    Expressed/Numerated Powers-
    • in the constitution
    • listed in article 1 section 8
  14. NATIONAL.


    Implied Powers
    • not in constitution but extensions of powers that are in constitution
    • elastic clause

    ex: IRS(taxes) Draft(created to raise army)
  15. NATIONAL


    Inherent Powers
    not in constitution, historically given to govnts , so govnts assume they have power.

    • ex:aquiring new territory
    • conducting new affairs
  16. NATIONAL


    Concurrent Powers
    can be in constitution, items shared with states
  17. NATIONAL

    Denied powers
    in the constitution
  18. State

    Reserved Powers
    not in constitution; given to states with 10th amendment

    • ex: drawing electoral district lines
    • conducting elections, maintaining national guard, regulating commerce with state
  19. STATE

    Concurrent Powers
    can be in constitution; shared with national govern't

    Ex: taxes, enforcing laws, establishing courts, borrowing and spending money, taking private property for public use
  20. STATE

    Denied
    in constitution
  21. Supremacy Clause
    establishes federal laws that are supreme over state laws as national governt acts within its constitutional rights
  22. Denied Powers

    NATIONAL CANNOT
    -tax exports, interfer with rights, pass laws favoring states, spend money unless authorized, pass laws against federal, pass laws reserved to state
  23. Denied Powers

    STATE CANNOT
    -coin money, tax state to state items, own an army, separably engage in wars, enter into treaties with other states
  24. Denied to both governments

    NATIONAL AND STATE CANNOT
    denied citizen to jury and trial, grant titles to nobiliity, pass ex post facto laws(laws made after fact)
  25. Local Government
    NOT IN CONSTITUTION, states have right to decide on local matters and outline in constitution, vary state to state must be republican govnt
  26. What is guiding relationship between national and state govnts?
    • Article 4 Section 4
    • Must guarantee republican govnt to all states
    • needs to allow house and senate members , must treat states as equal, must respect state boundaries, must protect states from foreign uprising

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