the nature of human language)
The nature of language acquisition
What are principles of language used
- How do linguistics study a language (observe, devise a theory of
- language use)
- Seek an explanation the phenomenon which is a language in this case (a
- set of hypothesis) a theory is also an abstraction(an abstract characterization
- of the unite, rules, relations, properties that make up a language.
- Introspection (studying a language out of the field) 1 A method to study
- a language.
2 participant observation.( studying language in the field.
-using the different methods to study
-language made use of sounds
- -phonologies come up with a theory of phoneme (its abstract
-distinguish constrict language
-Minimal Pair (s)
-these concepts are used to study a language
- phoneme inventory
- - syllables
- – syllabic structure phonotactics -
-intonation is common in all languages
-morpheme (abstract characterization of a unit)
-Root, suffixes, free/bound, syntax
Discourse Analysis combined sentences into texts
-constituency - predication
influence of native language to second language
- - Semantics -denotation > a
- property of words or language
Connotation (semantic property of words)
-words have sense relation. Ex synonym and antonym
Ex when we mention a dog we instantly think
-nature of language acquisition
- -innateness hypothesis (human have language faculty or genetic
- We born with predisposition (capability) of acquiring language but we
- need sufficient exposure
*wild children/feral children
- -critical period -> Eric
-Innateness hypothesis (human have language faculty genetic endowment
- -we born with predisposition of acquiring language. And yet it’s not
- adequate for language acquisition. Still we need sufficient exposure of a
2 when we mention cat we think of mouse etc.
- -the definitive book of body language
- - Hypnotic language
-Psychology of persuasion by Robert Bi Caldn
-The emotional intelligence by coaching by Stephon Neale.
- The 45 laws of power by Robert Green.