Unit 1

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Unit 1
2014-12-28 17:44:57

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  1. 1. Biopsychosocial Approach
    An integrated approach that incorporates different but complementary views from biological, psychological, and social cultural perspectives.
  2. 2. Placebo
    An inert substance or condition that is assumed to be an active agent.
  3. 3. Illusory Correlation
    The perception of a relationship where none exists.
  4. 4. Naturalistic observations
    Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation.
  5. 5. Random sample
    A sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion
  6. 6. Survey
    A techniques for ascertaining the self reported attitudes or behavioral of people, usually by questioning a representative sample of them
  7. 7. Independent variable
    The experimental tacit that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied
  8. 8. Dependent variable
    The outcome factor, the variable may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable
  9. 9. Replication
    Repeating the essence of research study, usually with different participants in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances
  10. 10. Correlation
    A measure of the extent to which 2 factors vary together, and thus how well either factor predicts the other
  11. 11. Hindsight bias
    The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it (I knew it all along)
  12. 12. Culture
    The enduring behaviors, attitudes and traditions shared by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
  13. 13. Case study
    An observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles
  14. 14. Random assignment
    Assigning participants to experimental and control groups by chance, thus minimizing any difference between them
  15. 15. Placebo effect
    Results caused by expectations alone
  16. 16. Dual processing
    The principle that information is often simultaneously processed on separate conscious and unconscious tracks
  17. 17. Double blind procedure
    A procedure in which participants and research staff are ignorant about who has received the treatment or a placebo
  18. 18. Experimental group
    The group in an experiment that is exposed to the treatment, that it, to one version of he independent variable
  19. 19. Control group
    The group in an experiment that contrasts with the experimental condition and serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment
  20. 20. Experiment
    A method in which researchers vary one or more factors to observe the effect on some behavior or mental processes