Unit 3

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  1. 1. What does the lifespan approach emphasize?
    Developmental changes in lifestyle
  2. 2. List the Periods of Development
    • )People is East may attack Egyptian Mage lords)
    • Prenatal (conception to birth)
    • Infancy (birth to 2 years)
    • Early childhood (2-6)
    • Middle and Late childhood (6-11)
    • Adolescence (12-22 or so)
    • Early adulthood (22-35)
    • Middle adulthood (35-65)
    • Late adulthood (65-death)
  3. 3. Developmental issues
    • Nature and nurture: nature + nurture = individual development
    • Continuity and Discont.: Gradual, continuous, cumulative, or abrupt distinct changes
    • Stability and Change: Persistence (older versions of self) or change (different versions of self)
  4. 4. Development during infancy
    • Growth: top down, center out
    • Weight triples (0-1 years)
    • Breast feeding provides immunization
    • Marasmus: Failure to thrive, caused by poor nutrition, abuse, neglect, resulting in delay, retardation, death
    • Infant perception is advanced
    • Memory appears in 6 months
    • Stranger anxiety: 5-7 mo
    • Development of self: Independence, 18 mo
    • Conscious memory: 3 years
  5. 5. Social development
    • Social smile: response to external stimuli, 2-3 mo
    • Secure attachment, mother and infant, base of environmental exploration
    • Secure infant attachment leads to better social competence and normal peer development
  6. 6. Cognition
    Occurs in stages, all mental processes associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
  7. 7. Piaget's stages
    • Sensorimotor (0-2 yr)
    • Preoperarional (2-7)
    • Concrete operational (7-12)
    • Formal operational (12-)
  8. 8. Senserimotor
    Baby differentiates self from objects, recognizes self as agent of action, acts intentionally, achieves object permanence (realizes object exists out of sight)
  9. 9. Pre-Operational
    Develop language, realize objects are represented by images and words. Thinking egocentric, exclude other viewpoints. Classifies objects by single features, shapes, colors
  10. 10. Concrete operational
    Logically thinks about objects and events. Understands number, mass, weight. Classifies by several features
  11. 11. Formal operational
    Logical thinking, abstract propositions. Concern with hypothetical and future ideological problems
  12. 12. Schemas
    Formed new for each stage. (Ways of thinking, conceptual models of how the world works)
  13. 13. Assimilation
    Placing new info into existing schema
  14. 14. Accommodation
    Creating new schema, alter existing schema to include new info
  15. 15. Eriksons stages
    • (The army invaded Cuba instead if initiating the generals incredible plan)
    • Trust bs mistrust
    • Autonomy vs shame and doubt
    • Initiative vs guilt (initiate tasks)
    • Competence vs inferiority (apply selves to task)
    • Identity vs role confusion (refine roles)
    • Intimacy vs isolation
    • Generativity vs Stagnation (contributor vs lack of purpose)
    • Integrity vs despair (satisfaction or failure)
  16. 16. Language development goes hand in hand with brain development
    • Language, sounds, symbols, communication.
    • Social skills connected to language skills.
    • Language stage development is uniform in individuals (common stage)
  17. 17. Word acquisition (babies)
    Capable of learning all languages, coo and laugh, then babble, then form syllables, then first words, then spit out words understanding syntax
  18. 18. Vocabulary acquisition
    • 1-6 yr: 6 words a day
    • 6-: 22 a day
    • Adult vocabulary is 60,000 word and up
  19. 19. Chomsky
    • Universal grammar: innate, universal principles, "rules"
    • Similar elements: nouns, verbs, language arrangement, varies
    • Language acquisition device: any language is accessible, but exposure narrows, enriches native language
  20. 20. Cognition identified with
    Thinking, knowing, remembering, communicating
  21. 21. Necessary parts to creative intelligence
    • Even I am inwardly cowardly.
    • Expertise, imaginative thinking, adventuresome personality, intrinsic motivation, creative environment
  22. 22. Emotional intelligence
    Ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions.
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Unit 3
2014-12-28 22:49:06

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