Unit 4

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  1. 1. List and characterize brain's sections
    • Brain stem: oldest innermost region of brain
    • Medulla: base of brain stem, controls heartbeat, breathing
    • Cerebellum: rear of brain stem, processes sensory input, coordinates movement output and balance
    • Cerebrum: located higher than cerebellum, 2 large hemispheres, 85% of brains weight
    • Cerebral cortex: layer of interconnected neural cells, brain's thinking crown, body's ultimate control and info. Processing center.
    • Lobes: brain regions with certain function
    • Parietal: speech
    • Occipital: vision
    • Temporal: hearing
    • Frontal: motor control, planning, attentiveness
  2. 2. Drive reduction
    Physiological need creates an aroused state, motivates needs to safety
  3. 3. Arousal theory
    • Need to satisfy basic needs
    • Behaviors that meet needs reduce arousal, but can also increase it
  4. 4. Hierarchy of needs
    • People are driven by many needs:
    • Survival (thirst, hunger, warmth)
    • Security, stability
    • Acceptance, community, love
    • Self esteem, achievement, competence
    • Self actualization (aspirations and dreams)
    • Self transcendence: live beyond self, legacy, charity
  5. Lacks empirical support
  6. 5. Hope and it's 2 components
    • Hope: overall perception that ones life goals can be met
    • Agency: willpower to move toward goals
    • Pathways: routes to goals
  7. 6. Affect:
    Conscious subjective aspect of an emotion, considered apart from bodily changes
  8. 7. Emotion and mood
    • Emotion: specific, immediate, interrupts what is happening, changes in thought and behavior
    • Moods: diffuse and long lasting emotional states. Not interrupting, influence thoughts and behaviors. Vague sense, certain feelings
  9. Emotions are subjective feelings.
    • Over emotional people: mood disorders, depression, anxiety attacks
    • Under emotional (alexithymia): not experiencing subjective parts of emotion, messages don't reach interpretive brain centers
  10. 8. James Lange
    Perception of physiological response brings on awareness, results in emotion
  11. 9. Cannon bard
    • Body and mind experience emotion ind. From each other.
    • Emotion and physical reactions happen together
  12. 10. Schachter singer
    Situation evokes physiological response. Cognitive int. Is given an emo. Label
  13. 11. Awakenings:
    • Catch balls
    • Awaken
    • Shade tiles
    • Facial masking
    • Mention of name and other stimuli
    • Leonords outburst of emotion
  14. Frontal and parietal lobes
  15. 12. Emotions
    Focus our attention, energize our action, mix of bodily arousal, expressive behaviors, conscious experiences.
  16. 13. What jointly forms us?
    Genetic predispositions, brain activity, outlooks, experiences, relationships, cultures
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Unit 4
2014-12-28 22:52:36

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