Ch. 1 Homeostasis and Homeostatic Mechanisms of Control

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Ch. 1 Homeostasis and Homeostatic Mechanisms of Control
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2010-08-07 15:59:11
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Anatomy Physiology
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Homeostasis and Homeostatic Mechanisms of Control
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  1. Homeostasis can be defined as the:
    A. Relatively constant state maintained by the body
    B. External stimuli that evoke a disruption to an organism
    C. Lack of cytoplasm within a plasma membrane
    D. Overall contribution of an organ system
    A. Relatively constant state maintained by the body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following is NOT a component of a feedback control loop?
    A. Sensory mechanism C. Effector mechanism
    B. Integrating, or control center D. Stressor stimulator
    D. Stressor stimulator
  3. negative feedback control systems:
    A. Oppose a change C. Ignore a change
    B. Accelerate a changed. D. None of the above
    A. Oppose a change
  4. Positive feedback control systems:
    A. Oppose a change C. Ignore a change
    B. Accelerate a change D. None of the above
    B. Accelerate a change
  5. True or False
    Any given physiological parameter will never deviate beyond the set point.
    False
  6. True or False
    In the thermostatically regulated furnace example of negative feedback, the furnace
    functions as the sensor.
    False
  7. True or False
    Negative feedback systems are inhibitory.
    True
  8. True or False
    The process of childbirth, in which the baby’s head causes increased stretching of the
    reproductive tract, which in turn feeds back to the brain, thus triggering the release
    of oxytocin, is an example of positive feedback
    True
  9. Pathology
    A. Subjective abnormalities
    B. Study of disease
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    B. Study of disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Signs
    A. Subjective abnormalities
    B. Study of disease
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    E. Objective abnormalities
  11. Symptoms
    A. Study of disease
    B. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    C. Subjective abnormalities
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    C. Subjective abnormalities
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Etiology
    A. Subjective abnormalities
    B. Study of disease
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
  13. Syndrome
    A. Subjective abnormalities
    B. Study of disease
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clearpicture of a pathological condition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Idiopathic
    A. Subjective abnormalities
    B. Study of disease
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    F. Undetermined causes
  15. Acute
    A. Subjective abnormalities
    B. Study of disease
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
  16. Pandemic
    A. Subjective abnormalities
    B. Study of disease
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    G. Affects large geographic regions
  17. Endemic
    A. Subjective abnormalities
    B. Study of disease
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    G. Disease native to a local region
  18. Pathogenesis
    A. Subjective abnormalities
    B. Study of disease
    C. Collection of different signs and symptoms that present a clear
    picture of a pathological condition
    D. Study of factors involved in causing a disease
    E. Objective abnormalities
    F. Undetermined causes
    G. Disease native to a local region
    H. Symptoms appear suddenly and for a short period
    I. Affects large geographic regions
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
    J. Actual pattern of a disease’s development
  19. ________________ is the organized study of the underlying physiological processes associated
    with disease.
    Pathophysiolog
  20. Many diseases are best understood as disturbances of ___________ .
    homeostasis
  21. Altered or _______ genes can cause abnormal proteins to be made
    mutated
  22. An organism that lives in or on another organism to obtain its nutrients is call a _________
    parasite
  23. Abnormal tissue growths may also be referred to as________.
    tumors
  24. Autoimmunity literally means ___________
    self-immunity
  25. The body’s ability to continuously respond to changes in the environment and maintain
    consistency in the internal environment is called:
    A. Homeostasis C. Structural levels
    B. Superficial D. None of the above
    A. Homeostasis
  26. The regions frequently used by health professionals to locate pain or tumors divide the
    abdomen into four basic areas called:
    A. Planes C. Pleural
    B. Cavitites D. Quadrants
    D. Quadrants
  27. A lengthwise plane running from front to back that divides the body into right and left sides
    is called:
    A. Transverse C. Frontal
    B. Coronal D. Sagittal
    D. Sagittal
  28. A study of the functions of living organisms and their parts is called:
    A. Physiology C. Biology
    B. Chemistry D. None of the above
    A. Physiology
  29. Which of the following structures does not lie within the abdominopelvic cavity?
    A. Right iliac region C. Left lumbar region
    B. Left antecubital region D. Hypogastric region
    B. Left antecubital region
  30. The dorsal body cavity contains components of the:
    A. Reproductive system C. Respiratory system
    B. Digestive system D. Nervous system
    D. Nervous system
  31. If your reference point is “nearest the trunk of the body” versus “farthest from the trunk of
    the body,” where does the elbow lie in relation to the wrist?
    A. Anterior C. Distal
    B. Posterior D. Proximal
    D. Proximal
  32. The buttocks are often used as injection sites. This region can also be called:
    A. Sacral C. Cutaneous
    B. Buccal D. Gluteal
    D. Gluteal
  33. Which of the following is not a component of the axial subdivision of the body?
    A. Upper extremity C. Trunk
    B. Neck D. Head
    A. Upper extremity
  34. The synonym for medial is:
    A. Toward the side C. Midline
    B. In front of D. Anterior
    C. Midline

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