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Modify nouns and pronouns. They make our mental picture of the noun or pronoun more clear.
Adjectives answer questions like...
- Which ones (pronouns) That is Johns pencil
- What kind I want a red pencil
- How many I need several pencils
- How much The club has little money
modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs
Adverbs answer questions like...
- When? John studied yesterday
- Where? John studied there
- How? John studied hard
- How much? The boat leaks badly
- How often? John studied everyday
Adjectives usually come ___ the nouns they modify.
exe. The red pencil
Can pronouns be adjectives?
- exe. Don't take his pencil
Adjectives make ...
When you here modify think...
To make our idea or picture more clear and exact.
Can words usually used as nouns be adjectives?
Yes, if it comes before a noun and answers the question "what kind?"
I always read the morning paper.
Do adverbs need to be near the words they modify?
- Don visits me frequently.
- Frequently Don visits me.
- Don frequently visits me.
How do you change an adjective into an adverb?
add -ly to the end
- proud proudly
- timid timidly
- serious seriously
What parts of speech are modifiers?
Adverbs and Adjectives
What are power adverbs
Adverbs that increase (extremely) or decrease (slightly) the power of other modifiers.
- A very tall mountain.
- The snow fell very fast
What is a Linking verb
Any verb that links a word following it to the subject.
The building was a hospital.
What does link mean?
To connect or to make whole.
What is a complement
A word that follows the linking verb to complete our meaning. The thing being linked to the subject.
The building was a hospital.
What is the subject complement?
a complement that refers back to the subject
Can adjectives and nouns be subject complements?
She is beautiful
She is the police
Name all of the forms of Be
Is am are- was were been
When do adjectives come after the nouns they modify?
When they are subject complements
What is an easy way to tell the difference between subject compliment and direct object
- A subject complement has a linking verb
- A direct object has and action verb
Relationships between two nouns or a noun and verb.
- bee on table
- skated through park
a word that relates a noun or pronoun that follows it to some other word in the sentence
name the 9 most common prepositions
on, in, at, to, with, by, of, for, from
Define the object of the preposition
a noun or pronoun that follows a preposition
what is a prepositional phrase?
A group of words that starts with the preposition and ends with the object of the preposition plus all the words in-between.
find the preposition first then find the object.
When you read a preposition you are not satisfied until...
its object comes along to complete its meaning.
Some words can be used as adverbs or prepositions. How do you tell the difference?
If the word has an object it is a preposition if not it's an adverb.
The crowd traveled on.
How are most prepositional phrases used?
Like adverbs and adjectives to modify other words
- drove with cautionpitcher for cream
What is an adverb phrase?
A prepositional phrase used as an adverb
we ate under the tree
What is an adjective phrase?
A prepositional phrase used as an adjective
the stairs to the basement were slippery
Do adverb phrases need to be next to the words they modify?
we reached the apples with a ladder
If a prepositional phrase can be moved to another part of the sentence it modifies the...
Verb. It's an adverb phrase.
- I put the box of matches on a high shelf(modifies put)
Sometimes an adjective phrase seems to answer the question where about a noun however, it really modifies the noun by telling which ones we mean.
The leaves on this tree are falling.
You often find two phrases in a row. The second phrase may modify the object of the first phrase, or it may modify the verb in another part of the sentence.
We learn much history from the letters of soldiers (modifies letters)
What are conjunctions?
Words used to connect words or groups of words together. They can also connect two sentences into one sentence.
What are the most common conjunctions?
And, but, or
What does compound mean?
having two or more parts.
What is a compound subject
When the same verb has two or more subjects.
exe Wendy and Sam shared a car.
What is a compound verb?
When the same subject has two or more verbs.
exe Our dog ran away but returned.
What parts of speech can be compound?
Subject, Verb, Direct Object or Subject Compliment.
What is a compound sentence?
Two sentences joined by a conjunction.
What requirement do we need to have a compound sentence?
There must be a subject and verb before and after the conjunction. You will be able to separate both sentences if they are compound.
Where do you put the comma on a compound sentence?
Before the conjunction.