GBR - LECTURE 2

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
29276
Filename:
GBR - LECTURE 2
Updated:
2010-08-08 02:31:55
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GOVT
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GBR - LECTURE 2
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  1. WHAT IS COALITION BUILDING IN TERMS OF INTEREST GROUPS?
    GROUPS JOINING FORCES WITH A COMMON INTEREST
  2. BUSINESS IS MORE/LESS INFLUENTIAL TO GOVT WHEN THE ECONOMY IS DOWN?
    MORE
  3. WHAT ARE INTEREST GROUPS?
    GROUPS FORMED TO INFLUENCE GOVT POLICY AND/OR TO PROMOTE AND PROTECT GENERAL OR SPECIFIC INTERESTS
  4. PROMOTIONAL INTEREST GROUPS (3 PNTS):
    • PROMOTE/PROTECT ON BEHALF OF SOCIETY AS A WHOLE
    • OPEN MEMBERSHIP
    • FREQUENTLY LACK ECONOMIC RESOURCES
  5. SECTIONAL INTEREST GROUPS (3 PNTS):
    • PROMOTE/PROTECT INTERESTS OF MEMBERS
    • RESTRICTED MEMBERSHIP
    • OFTEN POSSESS ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL RESOURCES
  6. OUTSIDER INTEREST GROUPS (3PNTS):
    • LITTLE ACCESS TO GOVT
    • FEW ECONOMIC RESOURCES
    • CONCENTRATE ON GENERATING PUBLIC SUPPORT/SYMPATHY
  7. INSIDER INTEREST GROUPS (3PNTS):
    • EASY ACCESS TO GOVT
    • CONSIDERABLE ECONOMIC RESOURCES
    • USE LESS OBVIOUS TACTICS
  8. LOBBYING IS...
    ANY ACTIVITY DESIGNED TO INFLUENCE POLICY
  9. WHAT ARE THINK TANKS
    ORGANISATIONS THAT CONDUCT RESEARCH AND ENGAGE IN ADVOCACY, IN AREAS OF PUBLIC POLICY
  10. ARGUEMENTS FOR INTEREST GROUPS (5):
    • BUILD SOCIAL CAPITAL
    • REPRESENT WIDER COMMUNITY CONCERNS
    • REDRESS GOVT OVERSIGHT
    • ENCOURAGE GRASSROOTS PARTICIPATION
    • PROVIDE INFORMATION/RESEARCH
  11. ARGUEMENTS AGAINST INTEREST GROUPS (4):
    • SUPPORT PRIVATE NOT COMMUNITY INTEREST
    • UNDEMOCRATIC
    • SELF, NOTCOMMUNITY INTERESTED
    • RICH AND CORPORATE INTERESTS DOMINATE
  12. WHAT IS A POLITICAL ACTOR?
    ANY INDIVIDUAL WHO INFLUENCES THE POLITICAL PROCESS TO SOME EXTENT
  13. A POLITICAL PARTY IS...
    A GROUP OF LIKE-MINDED PEOPLE WHO COME TOGETHER WITH THE AIM OF INFLUENCING THE POLITICAL PROCESS PRIMARILY THROUGH THE CONTESTING ELECTIONS
  14. MASS PARTIES
    FORMED TO WORK IN TERESTS OF GROUPS IN SOCIETY
  15. CATCH-ALL PARTY
    ORGANISATION DESIGNED TO BE ALL THINGS TO ALL PEOPLE
  16. PARTY SYSTEM
    A NETWORK OF RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN POLITICAL PARTIES WHERE EACH PARTY RESPONDS TO THE ACTIONS AND IDEAS OF OTHER PARTIES
  17. 3 MAIN PARTY SYSTEMS:
    • DOMINANT
    • TWO
    • MULTI
  18. ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
    DIFFERENCES IN PARTY SYSTEMS PARTLY EXPLAINED BY DIFFERENCES IN VOTING METHODS USED FOR ELECTIONS
  19. 3 MAIN METHODS OF ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
    • SIMPLE PLURALITY
    • PREFERENTIAL
    • PROPORTIONAL
  20. SIMPLE PLURALITY ELECTORAL SYSTEM
    LEADING CANDIDATE ELECTED, WINNER ONLY REQUIRES SIMPLE MAJORITY
  21. PREFERENTIAL ELECTORAL SYSTEM
    VOTERS RANK ALL CANDIDATES IN PREFERENCE ORDER; WINNER MUST CAPTURE 50%+1
  22. PROPORTIONAL ELECTORAL SYSTEM
    INDIVIDUAL CHOICES TRANSLATED DIRECTLY INTO NUMBER OF POSITIONS
  23. BUSINESS IS IMPORTANT TO POLITICAL PARTIES (ESPECIALLY ______)
    FINANCIALLY

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