American Cultures Industrialization and Urbanization

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yuppitzgio
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292800
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American Cultures Industrialization and Urbanization
Updated:
2015-01-12 21:52:47
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american cultures
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American Cultures Industrialization and Urbanization
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  1. 7 features of Industrial Growth
    • 1 CW
    • 2 improving ppl's daily lives
    • 3 England Industrial Revolution 
    • 4 inventors and scientists
    • 5 immigration
    • 6 natural resources
    • 7 capitalism
  2. what did Adam Smith write?
    The Wealth of the Nations
  3. what about the government?
    • Adam Smith - The Wealth of Nations
    • Laissez-faire
    • infrastructure
    • fair laws
    • military & naval protection
    • protective tariffs
  4. who invented the Telegraph (morse code)?
    Samuel Morse
  5. who invented the Sewing Machine?
    Elias Howe
  6. who invented Alternative Current?
    George Westinghouse
  7. who invented the Telephone?
    Alexander Graham Bell
  8. first two Suspension Bridges?
    Brooklyn Bridge and Roebling bridge
  9. how did railroads transform America?
    • 1 transport
    • 2 shipping
    • 3 time zone
  10. what does henry Ford help develop?
    mass production
  11. what is the Impact of Industrialization?
    • 1 linking world markets
    • 2 changes society
    •   - farming tech.
    •   - move to industrial centers
    •   - repetitive factory work
    •   - lower prices for goods, higher costs
    • 3 environmental issues
    •   - industrial and mining wastes
  12. what are the Advantages of Corporations?
    • 1 organizers can raise large sums of $ by selling stock
    • 2 stockholders enjoy limited liability 
    • 3 a corporation is steady because it is not dependent on a specific owner
    • 4 monopoly - some corporations tried to control all levels of production
  13. Andrew Carnegie Integration?
    vertical
  14. John Rockefeller Integration?
    horizontal
  15. How is Life in the Factories?
    • 1 different family structure 
    • 2 language barriers
    • 3 sweatshops
    • 4 poor working conditions
    • 5 no safety regulations or workman's compensation
  16. Management VS Labor
    • 1 collective bargaining
    • 2 socialism
    • 3 Knights of Labor
    • 4 American Federation of Labor
  17. why the old immigrants feel threatened by the new?
    • 1 cultural differences
    • 2 job opportunities
    • 3 ethnic/religious differences (prejudice)
  18. Push Factors of Immigration
    • 1 persecution
    • 2 economic hardship
    • 3 loss of jobs
    • 4 war
  19. Pull factors of Immigration
    • 1 rel and political freedom
    • 2 cheap land
    • 3 factory jobs
    • 4 follow family
  20. what are Characteristics of Urbanization?
    • 1 Bright Light Syndrome
    • 2 hard work, little $
    • 3 magnet for economic and social opps
    • 4 mass transit
    • 5 pronounced class distinctions
    • 6 new opps for women
    • 7 squared living conditions for many
    • 8 political machines/labor unions
    • 9 ethnic neighborhoods
  21. what are Problems of Urbanization?
    • 1 disease ran rampant
    • 2 sewers backed up
    • 3 poor ventilation/ overcrowding
    • 4 tuberculosis
    • 5 crime/prostitution
    • 6 ethnic violence
    • 7 fires
    • 8 sewers in rivers
    • 9 pollution
  22. how the AF of L would help the workers
    • 1 catered to the skilled worker
    • 2 represented workers in matters of national legislation
    • 3 maintained a national strike fund
    • 4 evangelized the cause of unionism
    • 5 prevented disputes among the many craft unions
    • 6 mediated disputes b/t management & labor
  23. immigration waves
    • 1 northern and western europe escaping religious turmoil or seeking economic opportunities (protestants)
    • 2 irish and german immigrants - potato famine & revolutions in german states (mostly catholic)
    • 3 "new immigrants" - beginning 1870s southern & eastern Europe (mostly poor, settled in cities, Jewish, catholic)
  24. immigrant experience
    • 1 decision to come
    • 2 hard & costly journey
    • 3 steerage - worst accomodations on the ship
    • 4 uncertain future/finding employment & housing
    • 5 assimilation - learning the language, understanding cultural norms
    • 6 "melting pot" excluded ethnic minorities

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