Different Models of Health

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Different Models of Health
2015-01-13 07:51:10
Health Care Models
Health Care
HC Midterms Q1
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  1. describe the interaction of the environment with well-being and illness
    Health-Illness Continuum
  2. 2 types of Health-Illness Continuum
    • High Level Wellness
    • Precursor of Illness
  3. an integrated method of functioning that is oriented towards maximizing one's personalities within the limitations of the environment
    High Level Wellness
  4. Precursors of Illness
    • The Heredity
    • Behavioral Factors
    • Environmental Factor
  5. these are factors which affect the individual towards illness spectrum
    Precursor of illness
  6. Describes the relationship between a person's belief and behavior
    Health-Belief Model
  7. individual perceptions
    • perceived susceptibility to an illness
    • perceived seriousness of an illness
    • perceived threat of an illness
  8. modifying factors
    • demographic variables
    • socio-psychological variables
    • structural variables
    • cues to action
  9. social pressure or influence from peers
    socio-psychological variables
  10. knowledge about the disease and prior contact with it
    structural variables
  11. internal fatigue, uncomfortable symptom; physical symptoms such as fatigue, joint pains etc
    cues to action
  12. What are the Smith's Model of Health
    • Clinical model
    • Role performance model
    • adaptive model
    • eudemonistic model
  13. Health is defined by the absence of signs and symptoms of disease or injury
    Clinical Model
  14. it is the opposite of health
    disease or injury
  15. many medical practitioners use this model
    clinical model
  16. health is defined in terms of the individual's ability to fulfill societal roles
    Role performance model
  17. people who can fulfill their roles are healthy even if they appear clinically ill
    role performance model
  18. it is the inability to perform one's work
  19. defined in terms of the individual's ability to fulfill societal roles
  20. defined by the absence of signs and symptoms of disease or injury
  21. sickness is the inability to perform one's work
    role performance model
  22. it focuses on adaptation
    adaptive model
  23. views health as creative process and disease as failure in adaption
    adaptive model
  24. this model believes that the aim of treatment is to restore the ability of the person to adapt
    adaptive model
  25. health is seen as a condition of actualization or realization of a person's potential
    eudemonistic model
  26. highest aspiration of people
    fulfillment and complete development
  27. illness is a condition that prevents self-actualization
    eudemonistic model
  28. avers that there are 3 interactive factors that affect health and illness
    Leavell and Clark's Agent-Host Environment Model (Ecological model)
  29. made the Smith's model of health
    judith smith
  30. 3 interactive factors that affect health and illness
    • the host
    • the agent
    • the environment
  31. a person or group who may or may not be at risk of acquiring an illness or disease
    the host
  32. refers to any factor in the environment that by its presence or absence can lead to illness or disease
    the agent
  33. includes intrinsic and extrinsic environment which may or may not predispose the person to the development of disease
    the environment
  34. Made the health promotion model
  35. describes the multi-dimensional nature of person's as they interact within the environment to pursue life
    health promotion model
  36. health promotion model focuses on
    • individual's perceptions
    • modifying factors
    • participation in health
  37. types of health promotion programs
    • information dissemination
    • health appraisal and wellness assessment program
    • lifestyle and behavior change program
    • environmental control program
    • worksite programs for health promotions
  38. use variety of media to offer information to the public about the particular lifestyle choices and behavior the benefits of changing that behavior and improving the quality of life
    information dissemination
  39. (...) individuals of their risk factor that are inherent in their lives in order to motivate to reduce specific task and develop positive health habits
    health appraisal and wellness assessment program
  40. basic for changing health behavior
    lifestyle and behavior change program
  41. developed to address the growing environmental pollution
    environmental control program
  42. include programs that serve the needs of persons in their work place
    worksite programs for health promotions
  43. common causes of diseases
    • biological agents
    • inherited or genetic factors
    • development defects
    • physical agents
    • chemical agents
    • tissue respone to irritation or injury
    • faulty chemical or metabolic process
    • emotions or physical reaction to stress
  44. risk factors
    • genetic and physiologic factors
    • age
    • environment
    • lifestyle
  45. classifications according to etiologic factors
    • hereditary
    • congenital
    • metabolic
    • deficiency
    • traumatic
    • allergic
    • neoplastic
    • idiopathic
    • degenerative
    • latrogenic
  46. due to defect in genes of one or other patient which is transmitted to the offspring
  47. due to a defect in the development heredity factors or prenatal infection; present at birth
  48. due to disturbance or abnormality in the intricate process of metabolism
  49. results from inadequate intake or absorption of essential dietary factors
  50. due to injury
  51. due to abnormal response of the body to chemical or protein substance or to physical stimuli
  52. due to abnormal or uncontrolled growth of cells
  53. cause is unknown; self originated; of spontaneous origin
  54. results from degenerative changes that occurs in tissue organs
  55. results from treatment of a disease
  56. classifications according to duration or onset
    • acute
    • chronic
    • sub-acute
  57. usually has a short duration. the signs and symptoms appear abruptly, intense and often subside after a relatively shorter period.
  58. it persists usually longer than 6 months and can also affect functioning in any dimension
  59. characteristics(?) or chronic
    • remission
    • exacerbation
  60. period during which the disease is controlled and symptoms are not obvious
  61. the disease becomes more active again at a future time, with recurrence of pronounced symptoms
  62. symptoms are pronounced but more prolonged that in acute disease
  63. results from changes in the normal structure, from recognizable anatomical changes in an organ or tissue of the body
  64. no anatomical changes are observed to account for the symptoms present, may result from abnormal responses to stimuli
  65. results from factors associated with the occupation engaged in by the patient
  66. occurs in several individuals of the family
  67. usually acquired through sexual relation
  68. attacks on a large number of individuals in a community at the same time
  69. present more or less continuously or recurs in a community
  70. an epidemic disease which is extremely widespread involving an entire contry or continent
  71. a disease in which only occasional cases occurs