9th Grade Geography Review 1st Semester
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How does latitude, air masses, continentality, evaluation, mountain barriers, ocean currents, pressure and prevailing winds and storms (LACEMOPS) affect climate?
The variations combined create a unique climate.
What is LACEMOPS?
- Air Masses
- Continentality and Marine Effects
- Mountain Barriers
- Ocean Currents –Hot or Cold
- Pressure Cells
- Storm Tracks
How does an area's climate zone affect its vegetation zone?
The climate zone effects what can be grown and raised in the area.
What is sustainable development?
Development that meets the needs of the present but leaves the resources for the future.
Why is sustainable development difficult?
Because people in the present don't consider the future let alone save things for the future.
How does the Ring of Fire affect the people of Japan?
It causes earthquakes and tsunamis and many erupting volcanoes.
How do you read a climograph
Bar Graph - amount of precipitation
Line Graph - temperature
Bottom = population
Vertical = age
Difference between absolute and relative location
Absolute Location - exact place
Relative Location - place in comparison to other places around it
How does the Earth/Sun relationship create the seasons?
The Earth tilts on its axis and the amount of sunshine that shines on the earth based on the tilt creates the seasons.
What are the 3 basic economic systems?
Command Economic System
Production and distribution of goods is controlled by the government.
Market Economic System
Production and distribution of goods are based on supply and demand
Traditional Economic System
Traditions, customs and beliefs shape the goods and the production the society creates.
How was the Red Sea formed
One giant rift
How was the Dead Sea formed
Closed drainage basin
What are the 6 main world religions?
- God - Allah
- Holy Book - Qur'an
- Sects - Sunni and Shi'a
- God - Abraham
- Holy Book - TeNakh
- Sects - orthodox, reformed, conservative
- God - God (Jesus)
- Holy Book - Bible
- Sects - Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox
- God - Buddha (leader)
- Holy Book - TiPitaka
- Sects - Theia Vado, Mahayona, Vajrayana
- Holy Book - Guru Granth Sahib
- Believe in reincarnation
- God - Brahman
- Holy Book - Vedas
- Believe in reincarnation and karma
Why was the Three Gorges Dam built?
Built to provide clean water from a renewable resource,
- Control flooding,
- Help river shipping and drop shipping costs
It affected people by destroying archeological sites, drowning cities and villages
What are some types of extreme weather and how do people prepare for them?
Hurricanes, earthquakes, tornados. People build high houses to avoid flooding as well as sturdy building and storm shelters.
How does extreme weather affect people?
Homes and businesses are lost, people are displaced, some people die
Organization Petroleum Exporting Countries
How does OPEC influence world oil prices?
It controls the supply being released and therefore the price of the oil.
What is globalization?
The opening of international borders to trade, immigration, direct investment, information and technology
What are some of the pro and cons of globalization
- Pros - everything is cheaper
- underdeveloped countries get more jobs
- Cons - chance of terrorists
- many different countries economies are tied together and thus effect eachother
What is urbanization
Population shift from rural to urban (city) areas.
Why do people move from the country to the city?
- Better job opportunities
- Better education
- Better lifestyle
Bringing together of different cultures. The unique cultures become more alike.
When a cultural group separates into separate, different cultures.
Historical roots of the conflict between the Jews and the Palestinians of Israel.
Both the Jews and the Palestinians think they own the same area of land, and have for centuries.
How to geographers use satellites and other tools?
4 Levels of economic activity
- Primary - chopping down trees
- Secondary - making furniture
- Tertiary - selling cars
- Quaternary - designing software to track the sales of a company over time.
Seasonal winds in South and Southeast Asia that occur in summer and winter.
- Summer - lots of rain
- Winter - none or very little rain
If it rains a lot there would be a humid climate.
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