9th Grade Geography Review 1st Semester

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treats101
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292992
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9th Grade Geography Review 1st Semester
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2015-01-14 20:09:49
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Geography 1st Semester
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Geography Review 1st Semester
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  1. How does latitude, air masses, continentality, evaluation, mountain barriers, ocean currents, pressure and prevailing winds and storms (LACEMOPS) affect climate?
    The variations combined create a unique climate.
  2. What is LACEMOPS?
    • Latitude
    • Air Masses
    • Continentality and Marine Effects
    • Elevation
    • Mountain Barriers
    • Ocean Currents –Hot or Cold
    • Pressure Cells
    • Storm Tracks
  3. How does an area's climate zone affect its vegetation zone?
    The climate zone effects what can be grown and raised in the area.
  4. What is sustainable development?
    Development that meets the needs of the present but leaves the resources for the future.
  5. Why is sustainable development difficult?
    Because people in the present don't consider the future let alone save things for the future.
  6. How does the Ring of Fire affect the people of Japan?
    It causes earthquakes and tsunamis and many erupting volcanoes.
  7. How do you read a climograph
    Bar Graph - amount of precipitation

    Line Graph - temperature
  8. Population Pyramid
    Bottom = population

    Vertical = age
  9. Thematic Map
  10. Difference between absolute and relative location
    Absolute Location - exact place

    Relative Location - place in comparison to other places around it
  11. How does the Earth/Sun relationship create the seasons?
    The Earth tilts on its axis and the amount of sunshine that shines on the earth based on the tilt creates the seasons.
  12. What are the 3 basic economic systems?
    • Command
    • Market
    • Traditional
  13. Command Economic System
    Production and distribution of goods is controlled by the government.
  14. Market Economic System
    Production and distribution of goods are based on supply and demand
  15. Traditional Economic System
    Traditions, customs and beliefs shape the goods and the production the society creates.
  16. How was the Red Sea formed
    One giant rift
  17. How was the Dead Sea formed
    Closed drainage basin
  18. What are the 6 main world religions?
    • Islam
    • Judaism
    • Christianity
    • Buddhism
    • Sikhism
    • Hinduism
  19. Islam
    • Monotheistic
    • God - Allah
    • Holy Book - Qur'an
    • Sects - Sunni and Shi'a
  20. Judaism
    • Monotheistic
    • God - Abraham
    • Holy Book - TeNakh
    • Sects - orthodox, reformed, conservative
  21. Christianity
    • Monotheistic
    • God - God (Jesus)
    • Holy Book - Bible
    • Sects - Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox
  22. Buddhism
    • God - Buddha (leader)
    • Holy Book - TiPitaka
    • Sects - Theia Vado, Mahayona, Vajrayana
  23. Sikhism
    • Monothestic
    • Holy Book - Guru Granth Sahib
    • Believe in reincarnation
  24. Hinduism
    • God - Brahman
    • Holy Book - Vedas
    • Believe in reincarnation and karma
  25. Why was the Three Gorges Dam built?
    Built to provide clean water from a renewable resource, 

    • Control flooding,
    • Help river shipping and drop shipping costs

    It affected people by destroying archeological sites, drowning cities and villages
  26. What are some types of extreme weather and how do people prepare for them?
    Hurricanes, earthquakes, tornados.  People build high houses to avoid flooding as well as sturdy building and storm shelters.
  27. How does extreme weather affect people?
    Homes and businesses are lost, people are displaced, some people die
  28. OPEC
    Organization Petroleum Exporting Countries
  29. How does OPEC influence world oil prices?
    It controls the supply being released and therefore the price of the oil.
  30. What is globalization?
    The opening of international borders to trade, immigration, direct investment, information and technology
  31. What are some of the pro and cons of globalization
    • Pros - everything is cheaper
    •           underdeveloped countries get more jobs

    • Cons - chance of terrorists
    •           many different countries economies are tied together and thus effect eachother
  32. What is urbanization
    Population shift from rural to urban (city) areas.
  33. Why do people move from the country to the city?
    • Better job opportunities
    • Better education
    • Better lifestyle
  34. Cultural Convergance
    Bringing together of different cultures.  The unique cultures become more alike.
  35. Cultural Divergence
    When a cultural group separates into separate, different cultures.
  36. Historical roots of the conflict between the Jews and the Palestinians of Israel.
    Both the Jews and the Palestinians think they own the same area of land, and have for centuries.
  37. How to geographers use satellites and other tools?
    ????
  38. 4 Levels of economic activity
    • Primary - chopping down trees
    • Secondary - making furniture
    • Tertiary - selling cars
    • Quaternary - designing software to track the sales of a company over time.
  39. Monsoons
    Seasonal winds in South and Southeast Asia that occur in summer and winter.

    • Summer - lots of rain
    • Winter - none or very little rain

    If it rains a lot there would be a humid climate.

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