SF Chapt 12A

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Author:
chscji
ID:
293001
Filename:
SF Chapt 12A
Updated:
2015-01-14 21:09:57
Tags:
chemical tex
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Description:
perms
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  1. Three possible ingredients in neutralizers
    Hydrogen peroxide, sodium perborate, or sodium bromate.     pg 436
  2. The processing for alkaline waves is?
    Solution, no heat     pg 436
  3. What does the neutralizer rebond?
    The disulfide bonds    pg 436
  4. The pH range of neutralizer is ?
    pH 2.5 to 7    pg 436
  5. The pH of alkaline waves ?
    8.0 to 9.5       pg 436
  6. Which permanent wave is not recommended for highly porous hair ?
    Alkaline waves      pg 436
  7. What does a positive test curl show?
    A definite "S" curl that tends to subdivide into groupings.        pg 435
  8. What do acid waves need t break the disulfide bonds?
    heat, tension and the perm solution       pg 434
  9. The disulfide bonds are also known as?
    S-S bonds                      pg 434
  10. Describe how to change straight hair to curly permanently.
    The strong disulfide bonds found in the cortext must be broken, then rebonded by a neutralizer.       pg 434
  11. Drop Crown wrap is also called?
    a perimeter perm wrap         pg 433
  12. What type of perm wrap is staggered?
    a bricklay wrap        pg 432
  13. Acid waves contain a thio derivative called?
    glycerol monothioglycolate          pg 427
  14. Alkalinewaves are currently formulated with?
    thioglycolic acid, its derivatives and ammonia.        pg 427
  15. Applying perm solution, rinsing it from the hair, applying neutralizer and rinsing it from the hair is which phase of permanent waving?
    the chemical phase       pg 427
  16. Name the two basic methods of wrapping hair around the prm tool.
    croquinole also called the overlap and the spiral            pg 428
  17. Name and describe the end paper techniques.
    bookend - paper folded in half

    double flat - used one paper on top of hair and one on the bottom

    cushion begins with a double flat and adds papers on top of the strand of hair as wrapped                         pg 429
  18. Straight rods produce?
    curls or waves that are uniform throughout the hair strands.          pg 429
  19. Describe the kind of curls small and large diameter rods produce.
    small rods produce small firm curls and large diameter rods produce large curls, wave formations or body waves            pg 429
  20. The individual perm rod sits between two partings that is called?
    the base, panel, blocking or subsection.       pg 430
  21. If too much water has been left in the end papers after rinsing, the curl formation will be?
    weakened            pg 430
  22. Name the four basic tool positions
    on base, half off base, underdirected, off base           pg 431
  23. The underdirected too position needs a base size of?
    at least 1.5 diameters           pg 431
  24. Another name for a rectangle wrapping patters is?
    9 block pattern                 pg 432
  25. When you wrap with too much tension you can cause?
    breakage or damage                  pg 460
  26. Define Overprocessing and what it causes.
    When perm solution is left on too long, will cause hair to be frizzy.  Curly when wet and frizzy when dry.                 pg 459
  27. Define underprocessing and what it causes.
    not leaving perm solution on long enough causes weak or limp curl              pg 459
  28. When we use a spiral wrap on medium to long hair it produces what kind of curls..
    elongated curl pattern.         pg 452
  29. Using a bricklay pattern helps to avoid......
    splits between bases         pg 449
  30. Preliminary testing helps us determine what?
    determines how your client's hair will react to the perm.          pg 442
  31. When draping a client be sure the cape.......
    covers the back of the chair        pg 441
  32. What is the scalp examined for?
    abrasions or diseases                 pg 440 
  33. What determines the size and shape of a new curl configuration.
    perm rods (tools)                          pg 439
  34. How and why do we use protective skin cream while giving a perm?
    along the hairline to protect the clients skin                              pg 437
  35. How should an alkaline wave be wrapped?
    without tension                        pg 437
  36. How well do you rinse a perm before applying neutralizer?
    completely                         pg 437
  37. The pH range of acid perms is?
    6.9 to 7.2                               pg 437
  38. What perm solution begins processing as soon as the solution is applies?
    alkaline                                      pg 437
  39. Because acid waves cause only minimal swelling it is essential that the hair is?
    wrapped with firm, even tension           pg 437
  40. What can happen if you leave neutralizer on longer than specified?
    damage to the hair.                   pg 437
  41. Which perm waves are slower than the other, acid or alkaline?
    Acid waves                         pg 437
  42. Define porosity.....
    the hairs ability to absorb moisture, liquid or chemicals                            pg 438
  43. Define elasticity.....
    is the hair's ability to be stretched and return to it's original shape                   pg 438
  44. What type of perm is better for fragile or tinted hair?
    acid perms                          pg 438
  45. Define hair texture.
    fine, medium, coarse                  pg 438
  46. Define hair density
    the number of hair follicles per square inch on the scalp                               pg 439

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