Surgery: Dermatology

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Kristenw
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293015
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Surgery: Dermatology
Updated:
2015-01-14 19:54:39
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Dermatology
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Dermatology
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  1. Abscess AKA
    Pyoderma
  2. Superficial pyoderma
    Folliculitis
  3. Deep pyoderma
    Furunculosis
  4. Most common bacteria seen in abscesses
    Staphylococcus pseudointermedius
  5. Most common bacteria seen in most furunculosis
    Staphylococcus intermedius
  6. Drugs of choice to treat bacteria in pyodermas
    • 1) Cephalosporin (Cephalexin) 1st generation
    • 2) Cephalosporin (Cephovacin)
    • 3) Amoxicillin with clavulante
    • 4) Clindamycin (macrolides)
  7. Bacteria rarely isolated in pyodermas, that was more common 10 years ago
    Staphylococcus aureus
  8. Bacteria less common in pyodermas
    Staphylococcus schleiferi
  9. Bacteria common in pododermatitis in dogs
    Enteroccocus
  10. 3 roles to know with abscesses
    • 1) Common clinical signs
    • 2) Diagnostic procedures
    • 3) Method of therapy
  11. Signs with abscesses
    Pyrexia, inflammation, and anorexia
  12. Diagnostic procedures with abscesses
    • 1) Swab collection
    • 2) Biopsy for macerated tissue culture
  13. Therapy for abscesses
    • 1) Drain
    • 2) Flush with hydrogen peroxide and antibiotics
    • 3) Systemic antibiotic treatment for 2 weeks past recovery
  14. When doing a bacteria culture two shapes
    Rods or cocci
  15. Disease occurs when normal oral bacterial microflora that are inoculated into skin through puncture wounds
    Subcutaneous abscess
  16. Skin fold dermatitis types
    • 1) Facial fold
    • 2) Lip fold
    • 3) Tail fold
    • 4) Vulvar fold
    • 5) Body fold
  17. Superficial bacterial infection on non-haired skin mostly on the abdomen which is common in young dogs prior to puberty
    Impetigo
  18. Impetigo associated with predisposing diseases of other underlying factors such as
    • 1) Endoparasitism
    • 2) Poor nutrition¬†
    • 3) Dirty environment
  19. Superficial bacterial infection involving hair follicles and adjacent epidermis
    Superficial pyoderma
  20. Bacterial infection induced by trauma (laying on floor, licking). Not acne.
    Chin pyoderma
  21. Not common in dogs/cats, facial bacterial skin infection may be secondary to trauma and insect bites
    Nasal pyoderma
  22. A furunculosis of the feet that is almost always secondary to an underlying factor
    Pododermatitis
  23. 4 common things that cause itching
    • 1) Fleas
    • 2) Food allergy
    • 3) Sarcoptic mange
    • 4) Atopy (inhalation)
  24. Flea allergy dermatitis symptoms
    • 1) Pruruitis
    • 2) Alopecia
    • 3) Folliculitis due to scratching
    • 4) Hyperpigmentation
    • 4) Excoriation/lichenification
  25. Broad term used to describe different types of allergic skin disorders in dogs/cats, usually inhalant or in dermatitis forms
    Cutaneous allergies
  26. 2 main signs of allergic animals
    • 1) Scratching
    • 2) Chewing on skin
  27. Cutaneous allergies in dogs/cats can develop their onset from what ages
    3 months to 7 years old, usually between 1-3 years.
  28. Main cutaneous allergies
    • 1) Canine atopy
    • 2) Canine food hypersensitivity¬†
    • 3) Flea allergy dermatitis
    • 4) Mosquito bite hypersensitivity
  29. Symptoms begin as skin erythema and pruritis due to seasonal or non seasonal allergens
    Canine atopy
  30. Immunologically mediated adverse reaction to food or food additive.
    Canine food hypersensitivity
  31. Common skin disease in cats/dogs sensitized to flea bites. Symptoms usually in warmer months.
    Flea allergy dermatitis
  32. Lesions on dogs with flea bite allergy are usually where
    Caudal to rib cage, over tail head
  33. Lesions on cats with flea bite allergy usually where
    Around neck and caudal to rib cage
  34. Common in houston area, lesions occur on bridge of nose and pinnae of ears
    Mosquito bite hypersensitivity
  35. Other cutaneous allergies
    • 1) Urticaria and angioedema (hives)
    • 2) Feline atopy
    • 3) Feline food hypersensitivity
    • 4) Canine eosinophilic furunculosis
    • 5) Contact dermatitis
  36. New name for ringworm
    Dermatophytosis
  37. Infection indicating infection of hair shafts and deep layer of the dermis
    Dermatomycosis
  38. Fungi with ringworm called
    Keratinophilic fungi
  39. Tool used to exam microsporum canis
    Woods lamp
  40. Yeast normally found in external ear canals, around mouth and moist skin areas.
    Malasseziasis
  41. Malasseziasis caused by
    Malassezia pachydermatitis
  42. Symptoms with malasseziasis
    Black, waxy otitis externa, and hand hyperkeratotic skin
  43. 5 things looking at in ear
    • 1) Otodectes mite
    • 2) Spinous ear tick
    • 3) Bacteria
    • 4) Malasseziasis
    • 5) Red hooks
  44. Skin disease which occur with an overpopulation of Demodex canis
    Canine localized demodicosis
  45. Canine localized demodicosis caused by 2 things
    • 1) Mite
    • 2) Immunosuppresion
  46. Feline demodicosis caused by 2 things
    • 1) Demodex cati, Demodex gatoi
    • 2) Immunosuppresion
  47. Caused by Sarcoptes scabiei, itch mite
    Canine scabies
  48. Feline scabies caused by
    Notoedres cati, sarcoptic mite
  49. Etiology of ear mites
    Otodectes cyanosis
  50. Known as the chigger mite or harvest mite
    Trombiculiasis
  51. Harvest mite
    Neotrombicula
  52. Chigger mite
    Eutrombicula
  53. Infection with sucking or biting lice
    Pediculosis
  54. Sucking lice
    • Anoplura
    • Linognathus setosus
  55. Biting lice
    Trichodectes canis
  56. What type of flies lay eggs near rabbit and rodent burrows
    Cuterebra flies
  57. Infection in debilitated animals with dipteran fly larvae, within 24 hrs maggots hatch and migrate through body eating flesh
    Myiasis
  58. American screwworm
    Cochliomia hominovorax
  59. Common flea in dogs/cats
    Ctenocephalides felis
  60. Etiology of rocky mountain spotted fever
    Rickettsia rickettsii
  61. Rocky mountain spotted fever in americas in
    March-october
  62. Rocky mountain spotted fever
    Tick-born infection. Enter circulatory system through tick bites and disseminate to organs, and cause vascular damage by replicating in endothelial cells of small vessels
  63. Tick-borne disease that infects most WBC, RBS and thrombocytes
    Canine ehrlichiosis
  64. Protozoal infection transmitted by certain species of blood sucking sandflies. Develops few months to years after initial infection
    Leishmaniasis

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