FSP Class-4 - Pt Care & Pathology

Card Set Information

Author:
flashsmilenet
ID:
293277
Filename:
FSP Class-4 - Pt Care & Pathology
Updated:
2015-06-10 14:25:22
Tags:
FSP Class Pt Care Pathology
Folders:
FSP Class
Description:
FSP Class-4 - Pt Care & Pathology
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user flashsmilenet on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Consent Form (types)
    • 1) Simple Consent
    •   - verbal, explain nature of the exam to Pt
    •   - history of Pt must match history of Recq
    • 2) Implied Consent
    •   - inability to comprimise (intubated, cannot give consent)
    •   - given form (next of kin) family member legal age
    • 3) Informed Consent
    •   - from someone who understand all possible outcoms include benefits (better image) vs risks (allergic reaction)
    •   - wave the right so sue if occur
  2. Simple Consent
    • - verbal, explain nature of the exam to Pt
    • - history of Pt must match history of Recq
  3. Implied Consent
    • - inability to comprimise (intubated, cannot give consent)
    • - given form (next of kin) family member legal age
  4. Informed Consent
    • - from someone who understand all possible outcoms include benefits (better image) vs risks (alerg reaction)
    • - wave the right so sue if occur
  5. Emancipated Minor
    • free from parents
    • can sign consent
  6. Felony
    is a criminal w a serious offend punishable by imprisonment low
  7. Misdemeanor
    sort of crime punishable by fine
  8. Criminal w a serious offend punishable by imprisonment low
    Felony
  9. Sort of crime punishable by fine
    Misdemeanor
  10. Criminal Lows
    • Felony
    • Misdemeanor
  11. Tort
    civil low occur when crime by one individual against another or against property - compensation
  12. Civil low occur when crime by one individual against another or against property - compensation
    tort
  13. Legal doctrines are (definition)
    post practice lows enforceably accepted by government
  14. Legal doctrines (list)
    • 1) Rea Ispa Loquitur
    •   - the things speak for them-self (gross negligence)
    • 2) Responded superior
    •   - lets the master respond (administrator responsible for the tech)
    • 3) Libel and Slander
    •   - malicious spreading of information cost deformation of character and lose of reputation (spiting words)
    • 4) Assault
    •   - thread of injury w/o touching
    • 5) Battery
    •   - unlawful touching w/o permission
  15. The things speak for them-self (gross negligence)
    • Rea Ispa Loquitur
    • Legal doctrine
  16. Lets the master respond (administrator responsible for the tech)
    • Responded superior
    • Legal doctrine
  17. Malicious spreading of information cost deformation of character and lose of reputation (spiting words)
    • Libel and Slander
    • Legal doctrine
  18. Thread of injury w/o touching
    • Assault
    • Legal doctrine
  19. Unlawful touching w/o permission
    • Battery
    • Legal doctrine
  20. Rea Ispa Loquitur
    • - Legal doctrine
    • - the things speak for them-self (gross negligence)
  21. Responded superior
    • - Legal doctrine
    • - lets the master respond (administrator responsible for the tech)
  22. Libel and Slander
    • - Legal doctrine
    • - malicious spreading of information cost deformation of character and lose of reputation (spiting words)

    • клевета (ла'йбэл) и сплетни
    • злонамеренное (мали'шис) распространение информации приводит к деформации характера и потере репутации
  23. Assault
    • - Legal doctrine
    • - thread of injury w/o touching
  24. Battery
    • - Legal doctrine
    • - unlawful touching w/o permission
  25. Pt has right to...
    • - demand quality care
    • - have copy of record w/o charge
    • - personal must show dignity to the Pt
  26. Mashlow's Hierarchy
    • 1) Deny - отрицать
    • 2) Angry
    • 3) Bargain - торговаться
    • 4) Dipression
    • 5) Accept
  27. HIPAA - ?
      - main purpose?
      - when is OK?
    • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
    • to protect the privacy of Pt's record
    • ONLY for insurance purpose when Pt is transferred form one facility to another
  28. ARRT Standard of Ethics
    American Registry of Radiologic Technologists
  29. BUN
    • Blood - Urea - Nitrogen
    •  - how well waste products eliminated from the blood
    •  - 5-20 mg/dL (deciliter)
    •  - important for contrast
  30. Creatinine
    • - how well waste products eliminated from the muscle 
    •  - most accurate to determine renal function 
    •  - mail - 0.6-1.2 mg/dL
    •  - female - 0.5-1.1 mg/dL
    •  - contrast important
  31. GFR
    • Glomerulus Filtration Rate
    • Normal: GFR > 60
    • Precaution: 30-60 - can be w contrast, but immediately to dialysis
    • Renal Failure: < 20 - NO MRI 
    • contrast important
  32. How well waste products eliminated from the blood
    • BUN: Blood - Urea - Nitrogen
    •  - 5-20 mg/dL (deciliter)
  33. How well waste products eliminated from the muscle
    • - Creatinine 
    • - most accurate to determine renal function
    • - mail - 0.6 - 1.2 mg/dL
    • - female - 0.5 - 1.1 mg/dL
  34. Most accurate to determine renal function
    • - Creatinine 
    • - mail - 0.6 - 1.2 mg/dL
    • - female - 0.5 - 1.1 mg/dL
  35. Contrast important lab values
    • 1) BUN: Blood - Urea - Nitrogen
    •    - 5-20 mg/dL
    • 2) Creatinine:
    •    - mail - 0.6-1.2 mg/dL
    •    - female - 0.5-1.1 mg/dL
    • 3) GFR: Glomerulus Filtration Rate
    •    - Normal: > 60
    •    - Precaution: 30-60
    •    - Renal Failure: < 20
  36. Pulse Oximeter
    • - universal
    • - using EKG quadrodes
    •         White     BIK/Gray
    •         Green     Red

    •         snow      smoke
    •         grass      fire
    • If wrong order can burn the Pt
  37. There is a risk of bleeding if ...
    ... a lot of O2 for more than 4 min
  38. There is a risk of ... if a lot of O2 for more than 4 min
    ... bleeding ...
  39. Most important monitoring when Pt under sedation
    • O2 Saturation
    • if O2 < 95% - no case
  40. O2 Saturation
    • most important monitoring when Pt under sedation
    • if O2 < 95% - no case
  41. Photophlesmogram
    Heart rate
  42. Heart rate measured by ...
    Photophlesmogram
  43. Caphometer
    respiration
  44. Respiration measured by ...
    Caphometer
  45. Sphygmomanometer
    Blood pressure
  46. Blood pressure measured by ...
    Sphygmomanometer
  47. Contrast start to live the body within ...
    3-6 hours
  48. If contrast stays in the body longer than ... , Pt has ...
    • - 3-6 hours
    • - NSF - Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis (contrast under the skin)
  49. 80% of the contrast leaves the body within ... hours
    2 hours
  50. ... % of the contrast leaves the body within 2 hours
    80%
  51. NSF
    • Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis
    • contrast under the skin
    • contrast doesn't live body for 3-6 hours
  52. PT
    • Prothrombin Time
    • Coagulation Factor: how fast blood cloth  
    • Exrinsic: internal time - 10-15sec
  53. PTT
    • Partial Thromboplastin Time
    • Coagulation Factor: how fast blood cloth
    • Intrinsic: internal time - 24-36 sec
  54. Coagulation Factors
    • how fast blood cloth
    • PT: Prothrombin Time
    •    - Exrinsic (internal time - 10-15sec)
    • PTT: Partial Thromboplastin Time
    •    - Intrinsic (internal time - 24-36 sec)
  55. How fast blood cloth
    •    - PTT
    • Partial Thromboplastin Time
    • Coagulation Factor
    • Intrinsic - internal time - 24-36 sec
    •    - PT
    • Prothrombin Time
    • Coagulation Factor  
    • Exrinsic - internal time - 10-15 sec
  56. Platelets
    • - thrombocyte cells
    • Normal: 150,0003 - 400,0003
    • Best: 250,0003 - 300,0003
  57. INR
    • International Normalized Ratio - 0.8-1.4
    • INR looks to see how well your blood clots
  58. Test to see how well your blood clots
    INR - International Normalized Ratio - 0.8-1.4
  59. All lab values in MRI important for the age ...
    ... over 60
  60. BP
    • Systolic/Contraction: 90-140 mm/Hg
    • Diastolic/Relaxation: 60-90 mm/Hg
  61. Pulse
    • - exposure of blood from left ventricle
    • Adult: 75-100 B/min
    • Child: 80-120 B/min
    • Neonates: >140 B/min (normal)
  62. Respiratory
    • - exchange of air b/w longs and atmosphere and b/w long and blood
    • Adult: 10-22 B/min
    • Child: 14-28 B/min
  63. If T>1000
    • require emergency
    • possibility of seizure
  64. Seizure effects
    • Hypothalamus - steam of brain
    • Temporal lobe
  65. Muscle relaxant (reduce involuntary motion)
    Glucagon
  66. Glucagon
    • muscle relaxant (reduce involuntary motion)
    • 10 cc intramuscular
  67. Benadryl
    • another name:
    •   - Diphenhydraminefrom
    • from allergies
  68. Diphenhydraminefrom
    • another name:
    •   - Benadryl
    • from allergies
  69. From allergies (names)
    • Diphenhydraminefrom
    • Benadryl
  70. Epinephrine
    • - adrenalin
    • - steroid
    • - for laryngospasm
    • - as a prep to reduce reaction from contrast
  71. For laryngospasm
    Epinephrine
  72. As a prep to reduce reaction from contrast
    Epinephrine
  73. Metformin
    • hyperglycemic drag (reduce sugar) 
    • another names:
    •   - Glucophage
    •   - Hydrochloride
    •   - Tagamet
    •   - Advantamet
  74. Glucophage
    • hyperglycemic drag (reduce sugar) 
    • another names:
    •   - Metformin
    •   - Hydrochloride
    •   - Tagamet
    •   - Advantamet
  75. Hydrochloride
    • hyperglycemic drag (reduce sugar) 
    • another names:
    •   - Metformin
    •   - Glucophage
    •   - Tagamet
    •   - Advantamet
  76. Tagamet
    • hyperglycemic drag (reduce sugar) 
    • another names:
    •   - Metformin
    •   - Glucophage
    •   - Hydrochloride
    •   - Advantamet
  77. Advantamet
    • hyperglycemic drag (reduce sugar) 
    • another names:
    •   - Metformin
    •   - Glucophage
    •   - Hydrochloride
    •   - Tagamet
  78. Hyperglycemic drag
    • reduce sugar
    • - Metformin
    • - Glucophage 
    • - Hydrochloride 
    • - Tagamet
    • - Advantamet
  79. Chloral hydrate
    sedation for children
  80. Sedation for children
    • Chloral hydrate
    • Diazepam
  81. Diazepam
    sedation for children
  82. Demoral
    sedation for adults
  83. Morphine
    sedation for adults
  84. Sedation for adults
    • Morphine
    • Demoral
  85. CPR's A-B-C
    • Airway
    • Breathing
    • Circulation
  86. CPR compressions technique
    • it is a first step
    • 1/2 inch lower of the xiphoisd
    • Rate - 100 times/min
  87. CPR rates
    • For trained personals:  
    •    comp / vent
    • Adult 1-2 pers - 30 / 2
    • Child 2 persons - 15 / 2
    • Child 1 person - 30 / 2
  88. CPR for pregnant
    150 oblique to the left
  89. 4 stages of infection
    • 1) Incubation - pathogen - host
    • 2) Prodromal - early signs of symptoms
    • 3) Active - full blown signs and symptoms
    • 4) Convalescence - symptoms began to subsidies (not completely)
  90. Incubation stage
    • - 1st stage of infection
    • - pathogen - host
  91. Prodromal stage
    • - 2nd stage of infection
    • - early signs of symptoms
  92. Active stage
    • - 3rd stage of infection
    • - full blown signs and symptoms
  93. Convalescence stage
    • - 4th stage of infection
    • - symptoms began to subsidies (not completely)
  94. Universal precaution
    • Gloves
    • Gowns
    • Mask
    • Gogales
  95. Contact precaution - NO ...
    • Gloves
    • Gowns
    • Gogales
    • NO mask
  96. Saliva and diols - isolation
    Drainage isolation
  97. Drainage isolation
    saliva and diols
  98. Discharge from intestine (feces) - isolation
    Enteric isolation
  99. Enteric isolation
    discharge from intestine - feces
  100. Mycobacterium - costs staining. Leads to TB - isolation
    • Acid fast bacillus isolation
    • Special mask
  101. Acid fast bacillus isolation
    Mycobacterium - costs staining. Leads to TB - special mask
  102. Respiratory isolation
    • airborne
    • must be last for MRI scanning, if b/w - cannot put Pt after one w/o cleaning
  103. Instrument that already infected
    fomite
  104. Fomite
    instrument that already infected
  105. Heat steam-pressure - aseptic
    Autoclave aseptic technique
  106. Autoclave aseptic technique
    • heat steam - pressure
    • pressure most effective
  107. Method of using chemicals - aseptic
    Disinfection aseptic technique
  108. Disinfection aseptic technique
    method of using chemicals
  109. Attempt eliminating not completely - asepsis
    Medical asepsis
  110. Medical asepsis
    attempt eliminating not completely
  111. Attempt eliminating completely - asepsis
    • Surgical asepsis
    • any skin puncture - surgical 
    • - Foley Catheters 
    • - Colostomy bags 
    • - Sterile fields
  112. Surgical asepsis
    • attempt eliminating completely
    • any skin puncture - surgical
    •   - Foley Catheters
    •   - Colostomy bags
    •   - Sterile fields
  113. Foley Catheters - asepsis
    Surgical asepsis
  114. Colostomy bags - asepsis
    Surgical asepsis
  115. Sterile fields - asepsis
    Surgical asepsis
  116. Any skin puncture - asepsis
    Surgical asepsis
  117. Diabetes
    Abnormal production and utilization of hormone insulin, produced by Islets Langerhans located in the pancreas
  118. Abnormal production and utilization of hormone insulin, produced by islets Langerhans located in the pancreas
    Diabetes
  119. Cells of the pancreas produce glucagon
    • alpha cells (Islets of Langerhans)
  120. Alpha
    • Cells of the pancreas
    • produce glucagon
    • (Islets of Langerhans)
  121. Cells of the pancreas produce insulin
    • beta cells (Islets of Langerhans)
  122. Beta
    • Cells of the pancreas
    • produce insulin
    • (Islets of Langerhans)
    • tin "inhibitor"
  123. Cells of the pancreas regulates production of glucagon and insulin
    • Alpha - glucagon
    • Beta - insulin
  124. Tin "inhibitor"
    beta cells of the pancreas
  125. Mellitus
    • most serious type of diabetes
    • - Type 1 - thin, yang (to 37), FH 
    • - Type 2 - older, obese, NO FH
  126. Pituitary gland and kidneys unable to expel glucose through urination
    Diabetes Insibidus
  127. Insibidus
    type of diabetes when pituitary gland and kidneys unable to expel glucose through urination
  128. Diabetes types
    • 1) Mellitus - more serious
    •   - Type 1 - thin, yang (to 37), FH
    •   - Type 2 - older, obese, NO FH
    • 2) Insibidus
    •   - pituitary gland and kidneys unable to expel glucose through urination
  129. Seizures
    • 1) Grand Mal - more serious
    •   - Tonic - stiffness of muscle
    •   - Clonic - no relaxation
    • 2) Petit Mal - simple
    •   - fully awake
    •   - protect Pt from injury
    •   - watch tang to block airway
  130. Clonic
    No relaxation of muscle
  131. No relaxation of muscle
    Clonic
  132. Stiffness of muscle
    Tonic
  133. Tonic
    stiffness of muscle
  134. Grand Mal
    • serious type of seizure 
    • - Tonic - stiffness of muscle  
    • - Clonic - no relaxation
  135. Petit Mal
    • - fully awake  
    • - protect Pt from injury  
    • - watch tang to block airway
  136. Deep thrombosis
    DVT
  137. Superficial thrombosis
    SVT
  138. DVT
    deep thrombosis
  139. SVT
    superficial thrombosis
  140. Inflammation of leg veins (distally - red, proximally - black)
    Phlebitis
  141. Phlebitis
    inflammation of leg veins (distally - red, proximally - black)
  142. Pooling of blood in lower extremities
    • Neurogenic chock 
    • - cased by DVT and SVT - deep and superficial thrombosis
    • - leading to Phlebitis - inflammation of leg veins (distally - red, proximally - black)
  143. Hypertension
    HTN
  144. HTN
    Hypertension
  145. Fluid in the heart sack
    Pericarditis
  146. Pericarditis
    fluid in the sack
  147. Chock caused by ↥ HTN
    • Cardiogenic 
    • - HTN - Hypertension 
    • - leading to Pericarditis - fluid in the sack
  148. - Fluid buildup 
    - Renal failure
    Septic chock
  149. Hypovolemic chock
    loss blood circulation due to blunt trauma (bleeding a lot)
  150. Loss blood circulation due to blunt trauma (bleeding a lot)
    Hypovolemic chock
  151. Neurogenic chock
    • - pooling of blood in lower extremities 
    • - cased by DVT and SVT - deep and superficial thrombosis
    • - leading to Phlebitis - inflammation of leg veins (distally - red, proximally - black)
  152. Cardiogenic chock
    • - caused by ↥ HTN - Hypertension 
    • - leading to Pericarditis - fluid in the sack
  153. Septic chock
    • - fluid buildup 
    • - renal failure
  154. Hypovolemic chock
    loss blood circulation due to blunt trauma (bleeding a lot)
  155. Chock due to serious allergic reaction
    • Anaphylactic
    • - airway compromise  
    • - cause by contrast, food, drags
  156. Anaphylactic chock
    • - due to serious allergic reaction 
    • - airway compromise  
    • - cause by contrast, food, drags
  157. Chocks
    • 1) Neurogenic
    •   - pooling of blood in lower extremities
    •   - cased by DVT and SVT - deep and superficial thrombosis
    •   - leading to Phlebitis - inflammation of leg veins (distally - red, proximally - black)
    • 2) Cardiogenic
    •   - caused by ↥ HTN - Hypertension
    •   - leading to Pericarditis - fluid in the sack
    • 3) Septic
    •  - fluid buildup
    •  - renal failure
    • 4) Hypovolemic
    •  - loss blood circulation due to blunt trauma (bleeding a lot)
    • 5) Anaphylactic
    •  - due to serious allergic reaction
    •  - airway compromise
    •  - cause by contrast, food, drags
  158. Stroke
    CVA - Cerebral Vascular Accident
  159. CVA
    Cerebral Vascular Accident - stroke
  160. Weakness of the entire left or right side of the body
    Hemiparesis
  161. Hemiparesis
    weakness of the entire left or right side of the body
  162. Embolism
    blockage in carotid artery
  163. Most deadly stroke
    • Hemorrhagic
    • - bleeding in the brain
    • - EPi - Echo Plantar Imaging only for stroke (visualize infraction - dead blood) 
    • - Gradient Echo for bleeding
  164. Hemorrhagic stroke
    • - bleeding in the brain 
    • - most deadly  
    • - EPi - Echo Plantar Imaging only for stroke (visualize infraction - dead blood) 
    • - Gradient Echo for bleeding
  165. Ischemic stroke
    plaques (high cholesterol)
  166. Embolic stroke
    by embolism (blockage in carotid artery)
  167. MRI sequence for stroke only
    EPi - Echo Plantar Imaging only for stroke (visualize infraction - dead blood)
  168. Stroke types
    • 1) Embolic - by embolism (blockage in carotid artery)
    • 2) Ischemic - plaques (high cholesterol)
    • 3) Hemorrhagic - bleeding in the brain
    •   - most deadly
    •   - EPi - Echo Plantar Imaging only for stroke (visualize infraction - dead blood)
    •   - Gradient Echo for bleeding
  169. Stages of bleeding
    • 1) Acute: immediately - 72 hours
    •   - hyperintense - areas of high intensity - bright
    • 2) md - SUB: 72 hours - 1 week
    •   - isodense - same color
    • 3) Chronic: long standing - mets
    •   - hypodense - areas of low intensity - dark
    • Subdural bleeding
    • crescent shape
  170. Epidural bleeding - convex
  171. Arachnoid bleeding
  172. Epitaxis
    Nose bleeding due to T and stress
  173. Nose bleeding due to T and stress
    Epitaxis
  174. Vertigo
    room is spinning
  175. Room is spinning
    Vertigo
  176. Acoustic neuroma
    tumor of IAC
  177. Tumor of IAC
    Acoustic neuroma
  178. Wilms tumor
    kidney cancer up to 5 years of age
  179. Kidney cancer up to 5 years of age
    Wilms tumor
  180. Hydrocephalus
    • water in the ventricles of the brain
    • lock of outflow
    • Dandy Walker Syndrome (another name)
  181. Water in the ventricles of the brain
    • Hydrocephalus
    • Dandy Walker Syndrome
  182. Dandy Walker Syndrome
    • Water in the ventricles of the brain
    • Hydrocephalus (another name)
  183. Multiple sclerosis
    • Demyelinating disease (another name)
    • cause by loss of myelin
    • periventricular
    • FLAIR - best MRI sequence
  184. Demyelinating disease
    • Multiple sclerosis (another name)
    • cause by loss of myelin
    • periventricular
    • FLAIR - best MRI sequence
  185. FLAIR best for ...
    • Multiple sclerosis
    • Demyelinating disease
    • cause by loss of myelin
  186. Parenteral routes of drag administration
    • 1) Intravenous
    • 2) Intra-arterial
    • 3) Intra-muscular
    • 4) Inrtachecal - to spinal cord
    • 5) Subcutaneous - under the skin
  187. Topical route of drag administration
    On the skin
  188. Enteral route of drag administration
    via the digestive tract.
  189. Urticaria - Other name
    Other name - Hives
  190. Hives - Other name
    Other name - Urticaria
  191. Dyspnea
    • difficult of breathing
    • shortness of breath
  192. Difficult of breathing
    dyspnea
  193. Shortness of breath
    dyspnea
  194. Emesis
    process of vomiting
  195. Process of vomiting
    Emesis
  196. Extravasation
    accidental administration of intravenously (IV) infused medications into the tissue space
  197. Accidental administration of intravenously (IV) infused medications into the tissue space
    Extravasation
  198. Apnea
    no breathing
  199. No breathing
    Apnea
  200. Tachycardia
    is a faster than normal heart rate at rest
  201. Faster than normal heart rate at rest
    Tachycardia
  202. Bradycardia
    heart rate of 60 beats per minute or less
  203. Heart rate of 60 beats per minute or less
    bradycardia
  204. Cyanosis
    blue or purple coloration of the skin due to the low oxygen level
  205. Blue or purple coloration of the skin due to the low oxygen level
    Cyanosis
  206. If is coded in MRI, the code team can...
    ...pull the table w the Pt out of the room

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview