Research Exam 1

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Author:
jwhughes
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293324
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Research Exam 1
Updated:
2015-01-19 14:09:18
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research
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nursing
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Research exam 1
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  1. What type of research is a large number of subjects who are randomly assigned to be in one of several intervention group?
    Individualized studies (original)
  2. What is a set of recommendations based on research evidence?
    EB guidelines
  3. Difference between Ia and IV?
    Ia: strong evidence

    IV: Expert opinion but no evidence
  4. What are two methods used to form a protocol
    Individual studies and Systematic review
  5. What is an Agency protocol
    standards of care in that they define care that should be given to patients who are part of a defined population
  6. What is a framework or general guide regarding how to structure studies conducted to answer a certain type of research question
    Research Summary
  7. Two major categories of research summaries
    Qualitative and Quantitative
  8. What produces conclusions by bringing together and integrating the findings from all available original studies?
    Research summary
  9. What is a group of patients with the same health condition, problem, or treatment? (group we want to study)
    Population
  10. Name 8 ways of inquiring knowledge.
    • Traditions
    • Authority
    • Borrowing
    • Trial/error
    • Personal experience
    • Role modeling
    • Intuition
    • Reasoning
  11. What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on customs and trends which narrow or limit knowledge?
    Traditions
  12. What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on people with expertise and power that influence opinions and behaviors?
    Authority
  13. What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on using knowledge from other disciplines to guide nursing practices: medicine, sociology, psychology, physiology, education?
    Borrowing
  14. What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on knowledge gained through experience? (time consuming, may failures, time is a resource)
    Trial and error
  15. What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on being personally involvedĀ  and learning?
    Personal Experience
  16. What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on Imitating an expert?
    Role modeling
  17. What type of inquiring knowledge focuses on a "gut feeling"
    Intuition
  18. What type of inquiring knowledge focuses on organizing ideas to reach a conclusion? A precise statement of proposed relationships between two or more concepts?
    Reasoning
  19. What type of reasoning is specific to general?
    Inductive
  20. What type of reasoning is general to specific?
    Deductive
  21. Which type of reasoning is qualitative?
    Inductive
  22. What type of reasoning is Quantitative
    Deductive
  23. Deductive reasoning aims to what?
    use an argument to reach a conclusion
  24. What is used to compare two scores of two groups when the outcome variable is measured using an interval scale? (analyzes the size of the difference between the means of two groups while taking into account sample size and standard deviation)
    T test
  25. What is the spread of scores across possible ranges of scores?
    Standard deviation
  26. What does the T test determine about the scores?
    Whether there is a chance difference or true difference
  27. What is personal, social, physical, and system realities that exist or occur within the realm of nursing?
    Nursing phenomena
  28. Name 5 things included in the nursing phenomena
    • client as a person
    • client's environment
    • nursing practice
    • nurse-patient relationship/communication
    • healthcare system
  29. What is the most important part of research study of planning?
    Research question!!
  30. What is the purpose of individualized states (studies)
    Understand a health, illness, healthcare experience
  31. Name the stages of individualized states (studies)
    • Theory
    • Description
    • Measure strength of relationship between several health-related events and states
    • Test hypothesis about effectiveness of an intervention
  32. What type of research involves collecting data in the form of what people day, observation of events, and written material?
    Qualitative
  33. What is qualitative research also known as
    phenomenological research
  34. What is the philosophical origin of qualitative research?
    naturalistic, interpretive, humanistic
  35. What is the focus of qualitative research
    broad, subjective, holistic
  36. What is the reasoning of qualitative research
    dialectic, inductive
  37. What is the basis of knowledge for qualitative research
    meaning, discover, understand
  38. Does qualitative research focus on theory development or test the theory?
    Theory development
  39. Is qualitative focused on ground theory or correlational
    ground theory
  40. is qualitative ethnographic or quasi-experimental
    ethnographic
  41. Is qualitative historical or experimental?
    Historical
  42. What is Quantitative research referred to
    descriptive
  43. What is the philosophical origin of quantitative research
    local positivism
  44. What is the focus of quantitative research
    Concise, objective, reductionistic
  45. What is the reasoning of quantitative research
    logistic and deductive
  46. What is the basis of knowledge of quantitative research
    cause and effect
  47. What is systematic review also known as
    Integrated research review
  48. What does systematic review develop
    evidenced based practice guidelines
  49. Why is nursing research important
    • develops empirical knowledge base
    • improves outcomes
  50. What is a set of research based recommendations that were systematically developed with careful consideration of strength of supporting evidence
    Evidence-based practice Guidelines
  51. Why is using science as a basis for clinical protocols important
    gets beyond personal opinion, power plays, tradition/routine, and nursing staff convenience
  52. What is a set of specific care actions for patient population endorsed by hospital, agency, primary care clinic, etc...
    Protocol
  53. Name 3 steps in the development of Evidence-based protocol
    • Question identification
    • Locate/summarize science
    • Translate into actions

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