Research Exam 1
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What type of research is a large number of subjects who are randomly assigned to be in one of several intervention group?
Individualized studies (original)
What is a set of recommendations based on research evidence?
Difference between Ia and IV?
Ia: strong evidence
IV: Expert opinion but no evidence
What are two methods used to form a protocol
Individual studies and Systematic review
What is an Agency protocol
standards of care in that they define care that should be given to patients who are part of a defined population
What is a framework or general guide regarding how to structure studies conducted to answer a certain type of research question
Two major categories of research summaries
Qualitative and Quantitative
What produces conclusions by bringing together and integrating the findings from all available original studies?
What is a group of patients with the same health condition, problem, or treatment? (group we want to study)
Name 8 ways of inquiring knowledge.
- Personal experience
- Role modeling
What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on customs and trends which narrow or limit knowledge?
What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on people with expertise and power that influence opinions and behaviors?
What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on using knowledge from other disciplines to guide nursing practices: medicine, sociology, psychology, physiology, education?
What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on knowledge gained through experience? (time consuming, may failures, time is a resource)
Trial and error
What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on being personally involved and learning?
What form of inquiring knowledge focuses on Imitating an expert?
What type of inquiring knowledge focuses on a "gut feeling"
What type of inquiring knowledge focuses on organizing ideas to reach a conclusion? A precise statement of proposed relationships between two or more concepts?
What type of reasoning is specific to general?
What type of reasoning is general to specific?
Which type of reasoning is qualitative?
What type of reasoning is Quantitative
Deductive reasoning aims to what?
use an argument to reach a conclusion
What is used to compare two scores of two groups when the outcome variable is measured using an interval scale? (analyzes the size of the difference between the means of two groups while taking into account sample size and standard deviation)
What is the spread of scores across possible ranges of scores?
What does the T test determine about the scores?
Whether there is a chance difference or true difference
What is personal, social, physical, and system realities that exist or occur within the realm of nursing?
Name 5 things included in the nursing phenomena
- client as a person
- client's environment
- nursing practice
- nurse-patient relationship/communication
- healthcare system
What is the most important part of research study of planning?
What is the purpose of individualized states (studies)
Understand a health, illness, healthcare experience
Name the stages of individualized states (studies)
- Measure strength of relationship between several health-related events and states
- Test hypothesis about effectiveness of an intervention
What type of research involves collecting data in the form of what people day, observation of events, and written material?
What is qualitative research also known as
What is the philosophical origin of qualitative research?
naturalistic, interpretive, humanistic
What is the focus of qualitative research
broad, subjective, holistic
What is the reasoning of qualitative research
What is the basis of knowledge for qualitative research
meaning, discover, understand
Does qualitative research focus on theory development or test the theory?
Is qualitative focused on ground theory or correlational
is qualitative ethnographic or quasi-experimental
Is qualitative historical or experimental?
What is Quantitative research referred to
What is the philosophical origin of quantitative research
What is the focus of quantitative research
Concise, objective, reductionistic
What is the reasoning of quantitative research
logistic and deductive
What is the basis of knowledge of quantitative research
cause and effect
What is systematic review also known as
Integrated research review
What does systematic review develop
evidenced based practice guidelines
Why is nursing research important
- develops empirical knowledge base
- improves outcomes
What is a set of research based recommendations that were systematically developed with careful consideration of strength of supporting evidence
Evidence-based practice Guidelines
Why is using science as a basis for clinical protocols important
gets beyond personal opinion, power plays, tradition/routine, and nursing staff convenience
What is a set of specific care actions for patient population endorsed by hospital, agency, primary care clinic, etc...
Name 3 steps in the development of Evidence-based protocol
- Question identification
- Locate/summarize science
- Translate into actions
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