Bacteria

Card Set Information

Author:
gurpleguy
ID:
293371
Filename:
Bacteria
Updated:
2015-01-20 00:05:23
Tags:
med
Folders:

Description:
Gram positive and negative
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user gurpleguy on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Staphylococcus auereus
    • Gram positive
    • coagulase positive
    • pyogenic, toxigenic
    • antibiotic resistant
  2. Staphylococcus epidermidis
    • Gram positive
    • coagulase negative
    • normal skin flora
    • occur in setting of foreign device (prosthetic joints, central line etc)
    • have biofilm
  3. Staphylococcus saprophyticus
    • Gram positive
    • coagulase negative
    • normal flora of female genital and GI tract
    • 2nd most common cause of UTIs
    • sexual activity increase risk of this UTI
  4. Lancefield antigen
    carbohydrate antigen important for streptocci
  5. Hemolysis
    • alpha: green blood agar
    • Beta: complete clearing of blood agar
    • Gamma: non-hemolytic
  6. Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS)
    • Gram positive
    • beta hemolytic, Lancefield group a
    • viruleence factors- M protein, streptokinase
    • disease- pharyngitis, cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, scarlett fever, rheumatic fever
    • unproportional pain
    • susceptible to penicillin
  7. Streptococcus pneumoniae
    • Gram positive
    • lancet shaped diplococci
    • alpha hemolytic
    • diseases: lobar pneumonia, meningitis (most common cause), otitis media (most common cause)
    • virulence factors- capsule
  8. Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS)
    • Gram positive
    • beta hemolytic
    • disease: neonatal sepsis, meningitis,
    • in adults: cause of invasive infection, diabetes and breast cancer are predisposing factors
  9. Streptococci viridans
    • Gram positive
    • alpha hemolytic
    • normal flora of oropharynx and colon, enter bloodtream after dental surgery
    • disease: brain abscesses, endocarditis, abdominal/liver abscesses
  10. Enterococcus sp
    • Gram positive
    • part of normal colonic flora
    • diseases: hospital acquired UTI, blood stream infections, endocarditis
    • group D strep
  11. Streptococcus gallolyticus
    • Gram positive
    • causes endocarditis in patients with colon cancer
  12. Bacillus anthracis
    • Gram positive
    • spore forming
    • toxin mediated (AB toxin)
  13. Bacillus cereus
    • Gram positive
    • spore forming
    • cause diarrhea
    • in rice dishes since reheating doesn't kill spores
  14. Clostridia perfringens
    • Gram positive, obligate anaerobe, spore forming rods
    • large boxcar rods
    • disease- gas gangrene (spores found in soil), food poisoning (3rd most common)
  15. Clostridia difficile
    • Gram positive, obligate anaerobe, spore forming rods
    • most common nosocomial cause of diarrhea and antibiotic associated diarrhea
    • fecal-oral transmission
    • smells terrible
    • common in hospital
  16. Clostridia tetani
    • Gram positive, obligate anaerobe, spore forming rods
    • spores found in soil
    • toxin mediated AB
    • strong muscle spasms and spastic paralysis
    • vaccine is TdaP, DTaP
  17. Clostridia botulinum
    • Gram positive, obligate anaerobe, spore forming rods
    • toxin mediated AB
    • floppy baby syndrome, get spores from raw honey
    • flaccid paralysis, hypotonia
  18. Corynebacterium diptheriae
    • Gram positive
    • non-spore forming
    • club shaped
    • ab toxin
    • cause acute pharyngitis with overlying gray membrane
    • vaccine is DTap, TDaP
  19. Listeria Monocytogenes
    • Gram positive
    • non-spore forming
    • cause meningitis
    • can get from lunch meat, soft cheese, cause miscarriage
  20. Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC)
    • gram negative
    • uncooked meat (ground beef)
    • causes hemorrhagic colitis
  21. Enterotoxigneic E coli
    • gram negative
    • contaminated food/water
    • toxin-mediated
    • traveler's diarrhea
  22. E coli
    • gram negative
    • #1 cause of UTI
    • neonatal meningitis
    • sepsis/DIC
  23. Salmonella enteritidis
    • gram negative
    • cause enterocolitis
    • ingestion of contaminated food especially poultry
    • contact with reptiles
    • common food poisoning
  24. Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium
    • gram negative
    • does not cause gastroenteritis
    • cause Typhoid fever
    • impoverished areas with poor sanitation
  25. Shigella
    • gram negative
    • bloody diarrhea
    • small children- daycares
  26. Campylobacter
    • gram negative
    • thin spiral shaped
    • undercookeed chicken, uinpasteurized milk
    • watery diarrhea that goes to bloody
  27. Vibrio cholerae
    • gram negative
    • causes cholera
    • poor sanitation, malnutrition
    • massive watery diarrhea
  28. Vibrio parahaemolyticus
    • gram negative
    • undercooked shellfish (oyesters)
    • watery diarrhea
  29. Vibrio vulnificus
    • gram negative
    • raw shellfish
    • diarrhea/ severe soft tissue infections
  30. Bacteroides fragilis
    • gram negative
    • cause intra-abdominal abcesses when break in mucosal surface (trauma, surgery)
  31. Helicobacter pylori
    • gram negative
    • curved rods
    • cause GI ulcers and cancer
  32. Haemophilus influenzae
    • gram negative
    • rod
    • coccobacillus
    • cause meningitis, epiglottitis, otitis media, sinusitis
  33. Bordetella pertussis
    • gram negative
    • rod
    • encapsulated coccobacillus
    • whooping cough
  34. Legionella pneumophila
    • gram negative
    • rod
    • water borne pathogen (contaminated water)
    • causes atypical pneumonia
    • case in American Legion at a hotel in Philadelphia
  35. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    • gram negative
    • rod
    • obligate aerobe in soil in water
    • multidrug resistant
    • opportunistic pathogen
    • hospital acquired pneumonia
    • hospital acquired UTI
    • blue-green pigment
  36. Klebsiella pneumoniae
    • gram negative
    • rod
    • opportunistic pathogen
    • in water, soil, GI tract
    • common cause of hospital acquired pneumonia in alcoholics and malnourished
    • currant jelly sputum- bloody thick and mucoid
  37. Neisseria meningitidis
    • gram negative
    • diplocci
    • nasopharyngeal colonization prerequisite
    • common cause of meningitis in children and teens
  38. neisseria gonorrheae
    • gram negative
    • diplococci
    • STD
    • cause purulent urethritis or cervicitis
  39. Moraxella catarrhalis
    • gram negative
    • diplococci
    • part of normal flora
    • sommon cause os COPD

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview