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  1. A binomial nomenclature is made of:
    genus name + species-specific designation
  2. 3 domains of life
    • 1) Bacteria
    • 2) Eukarya
    • 3) Archarea
  3. 4 characteristics of a cell
    • 1) Enclosed space in barrier
    • 2) Limited movement in/out
    • 3) Autonomous
    • 4) self replicating
  4. Plasma membrane
    Define:
    In Prokaryotes and/or Eukaryotes
    • Cell barrier made of lipids.
    • in prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
  5. Cytoplasm
    Define:
    In Prokaryotes and/or Eukaryotes
    • Fluid inside the cell
    • In Eukaryotes and prokaryotes
  6. Nucleus
    Define:
    In Prokaryotes and/or Eukaryotes
    • Organelle containing chromosomal DNA.
    • In Eukaryotes only
  7. Endoplasmic Recticulum
    Define:
    In Prokaryotes and/or Eukaryotes
    • Produces and processes proteins
    • In Eukaryotic cells
  8. Golgi
    Define:
    In Prokaryotes and/or Eukaryotes
    • Organelle that packages and transport proteins.
    • In Eukaryotic cells
  9. Ribosomes
    Define:
    In Prokaryotes and/or Eukaryotes
    • Makes proteins and RNA w/tranlation.
    • In both prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells.
  10. Mitochondria
    Define
    in Eukaryotes and/or prokaryotic cells
    • Organelle that makes ATP energy.
    • In Eukaryotic cells only
  11. Chloroplasts Plasma membrane
    Define:
    In Prokaryotes and/or Eukaryotes
    • Photosynthetic cells
    • in Eukaryotic cells
  12. Where does glycolosys occur in Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
    Cytoplasm for Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
  13. Where does Respiration occur in Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
    Plasma membrane for Prokaryotes, and Mitochondria in Eukaryotes
  14. Where does Fermentation occur in Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
    Cytoplasm for both
  15. Where does Transcription occur in Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
    Cytoplasm from Prokaryotes and nucleus in Eukaryotes
  16. Where does Translation occur in Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
    In Ribosomes for both.
  17. Where does replication occur in Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
    Cytoplasm for Prokaryotes and nucleus for Eukaryotes
  18. Where does photosynthesis occur in Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
    Plasma membrane of prokaryotes and chloroplast in Eukaryotes
  19. 4 Unique characteristics of Archarea cells
    • 1) Unique plasma membraine (cyclopentane rings, Isoprene lipids, Ether linkages)
    • 2) Diverse cell wall (some contain the enzyme pseudomurein, but never peptidoglycan).
    • 3) Not pathogens.
    • 4) s-layer protein shell are common.
  20. 3 general parts of prokaryotic cell:
    • 1) Plasma membrane
    • 2) cytoplasm
    • 3) Ribosomes
  21. What's included in the cell envelope of Bacteria?
    • 1) Plasma membrane
    • 2) Cell wall
    • 3) Some have glycocalyx
    • 4) Some have s-layer
  22. Parts of gram-positive bacterial cell wall:
    • 1) Teichoic acid (only in g+) on Peptidoglycan & Lipoteichoic acid on PM
    • 2) Thick Peptidoglycan
    • 3) Thin periplasmic space
    • 4) Plasma membrane.
  23. Parts of gram-negative cell wall:
    • 1) Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on outer membrane
    • 2) Thin pepdidoglycan layer
    • 3) thick periplasmic space
    • 4) Plasma membrane
    • Cell wall: outer membrane periplasmic space PDG.
  24. Gram-indeterminate cell wall:
    • Mycobacterium:
    • 1) no outer membrane
    • 2) Don't stain purple because of waxy lipid.
    • 3) Acid staining will retain dye.
    • 4) several layers besides PDG.
  25. Mycobacteria structure
    1) No cell wall, obligate intercellular bacteria that causes disease
  26. 5 steps of gram staining:
    • 1) add Crystal violet dye to stain all cells
    • 2) Add iodine to help crystal dye stick to inside of cells
    • 3) Add Ethanol to discolors cells w/THIN peptedoglycan layers.
    • 4) Add saffranin to stain gram-negative cells
    • 5) determine which are negative or positive.

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