Medical Language

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Author:
ieashaj4
ID:
293399
Filename:
Medical Language
Updated:
2015-01-27 15:44:29
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chapter1 basic Word Structure
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Description:
Medical Terms, Pronunciations, Meaning
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  1. What is the meaning of adenitis (ad-e-ni-tis)?
    Because itis is the suffix meaning inflammation and aden means gland, adenitis means inflammation of the glands.
  2. What is adenoma (ad-e-no-ma)?
    Because the suffix oma means tumor or mass and aden means gland, adenoma means tumor of a gland.
  3. what is the meaning of adenopathy (ad-e-nop-a-the)?
    Because the suffix pathy means disease condition, and aden means gland, adenopathy means a disease or condition in the glad.
  4. what do all medical terms have?
    A suffix
  5. xanthro?
    yellow
  6. leuk/o?
    white
  7. Cyan/o?
    blue
  8. Erythr/o?
    red
  9. Which element begins at appears at the beginning of a medical term?
    A prefix
  10. Hemat/o/logy?
    • Hemat=Blood, Logy=process of study
    • hematology= study of blood
  11. What are the important elements of word analysis?
    • Root=foundation of the term
    • Suffix=word ending
    • Prefix=word beginning
    • Combining Vowel=usually o that links the root to the suffix or the root to another root aiding in pronunciation.
    • Combining Form=Combination of the root word and the combining vowel
  12. What are three general rules when it comes to medical terminology?
    • 1. Read the meaning of the medical term from the suffix back to the beginning of the term then across.
    • 2.drop the combining vowel before a suffix beginning with a vowel. Ex. Gastritis not Gastroitis
    • 3. Keep the combining vowel between two roots. Ex. gastroenterology not gastrenterology
  13. Combining Forms of Aden/o?
    Gland
  14. Combining Forms of arthr/o?
    Joint
  15. Combining Forms of bi/o?
    Life
  16. Combining Forms of Carcin/o?
    Cancerous,cancer
  17. Combining Forms of Cardi/o?
    Heart
  18. Combining Forms of Cephal/o? (se-fal-ik)
    head
  19. Combining Forms of Cerebr/o?
    Brain
  20. Combining Forms of cis/o?
    to cut
  21. Combining Forms of crin/o?
    to secrete ( to form and give off)
  22. Combining Forms of Encephal/o?
    brain
  23. Enter?
    Intestines usually small
  24. Glyc/o
    sugar
  25. gnose/o
    Knowledge
  26. gynec/o
    women, female
  27. hepat
    liver
  28. iatr/o
    treatment, physican
  29. Combining Forms of log/o
    study of
  30. nephr/o
    Kidney
  31. neur/o
    nerve
  32. onc/o
    Tumor
  33. Ophthalm/o (of-thal-mo)
    eye
  34. oste/o
    bone
  35. path/o
    disease
  36. Psych/o
    mind
  37. radi/o
    x-rays
  38. ren/o
    kidney
  39. rhin/o
    nose
  40. sarc/o
    flesh
  41. sect/o
    to cut
  42. thromb/o
    clot, clotting
  43. ur/o
    urinary tract, ur
  44. Suffixes meaning pertaining to are?
    -ac, -al, -ic, -ical
  45. Suffix algia
    pain
  46. Suffix ectomy
    excision, removal
  47. Suffix -emia
    blood condition
  48. Suffix -genic
    Pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
  49. Suffix -globin
    protein
  50. Suffix - ion
    process
  51. Suffix -ist
    specialist
  52. Suffix -itis
    inflammation
  53. Suffix -logy
    Process of study
  54. Suffix -oma
    tumor, mass, swelling
  55. Suffix -opsy
    Process of veiwing
  56. Suffix -osis
    Condition usually abnormal (Slight increas in numbers when used with blood cells
  57. Suffix -pathy
    disease, condition
  58. Suffix  -scope
    instrument to visually examine
  59. Suffix -scopy
    process of visually examing
  60. Suffix -sis
    state of, condition
  61. Suffix - tomy
    process of cutting, incision
  62. Suffix  -y
    process, condition
  63. a-,an   Prefix meaning
    not,no, without
  64. auto, aut Prefix meaning
    own, self
  65. dia- Prefix meaning
    complete, through
  66. endo-Prefix meaning
    within
  67. epi-Prefix meaning
    above, upon
  68. trans-Prefix meaning
    across
  69. sub- Prefix meaning
    below
  70. retro-Prefix meaning
    behind
  71. re- Prefix meaning
    back, backward, again
  72. pro-Prefix meaning
    before, forward
  73. peri-Prefix meaning
    surrounding, around
  74. in-Prefix meaning
    into, in
  75. hypo-Prefix meaning
    below,under,less then normal
  76. hyper-Prefix meaning
    excessive,above, more than normal
  77. ex- exo-Prefix meaning
    out, outside of, outward
  78. when - is above a vowel the sound is
    long exactly like its name.
  79. when ~ marking is above a vowel it indicates.
    a short sound

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