urogenital system

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Author:
MarineLopes
ID:
293432
Filename:
urogenital system
Updated:
2015-01-21 08:33:16
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embryo
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Description:
from kidneys to testis
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  1. Embryonic tissues or structures involved with uterine development include:

    Mesoderm.

    Urogenital sinus.

    Mesonephric ducts.

    Endoderm
    Mesoderm
  2. The uterus is a derivative of what?
    paramesophrenic ducts - mesoderm
  3. The urogenital sinus develops into what?
    • urinary bladder
    • lower vagina
    • urethral and paraurethral glands
    • greater vestibular glands
    • vestibule
  4. Structures derived from the mesonephric ducts include:

    Seminiferous tubules.

    Ureter.

    Prostatic urethra.

    Ductus deferens.

    Epididymis

    Ejaculatory ducts

    Seminal vesicles
    • Ductus deferents
    • Epididymis
    • Ejaculatory ducts
    • Seminal vesicles
  5. Ureter, renal pelvis, renal calyces and renal collecting ducts arise from what?
    ureteric bud
  6. Seminiferous tubules arise from what?
    Mesonephros
  7. Prostatic urethra is a derivative of what?
    Urogenital sinus
  8. The scrotum of the male develops from:

    Endoderm of the urogenital sinus.

    Urethral groove.

    Urogenital folds.

    Genital swellings
    Genital swellings
  9. Apart from scrotum, what other struture develops from genital swellings?
    Labia majora
  10. Horseshoe kidney:

    Involves splitting of the ureteric bud into a horseshoe shape.

    Normally ascends to L2 vertebral levels.

    Involves the persistence of the mesonephric kidney.

    Results from fusion of the caudal poles of the kidneys.

    Its ascent is blocked by the inferior mesenteric artery at L3.
    • Results from fusion of the caudal poles of the kidneys
    • Its ascent is blocked by the inferior mesenteric artery at L3
  11. Which duct is NOT associated with urinary system development?

    Ureteric bud.

    Paramesonephric duct

    Wolffian duct.

    Pronephric duct.

    Mesonephric duct.
    Paramesonephric duct
  12. In females, paramesonephric duct gives rise to what?
    • uterine tubes
    • uterus
    • upper part of the vagina
  13. The penile urethra is derived from:

    Urogenital sinus.

    Pelvic part of the vesicourethral
    canal.

    Phallic part of the vesicourethral canal.

    Cloaca.

    Mesonephric duct.
    Urogenital sinus
  14. The urogenital sinus produces what?

    Pelvic part of the vesicourethralcanal. 

    Prostate

    Phallic part of the vesicourethral canal.

    Urinary bladder

    Cloaca.

    Bulbourethral glands

    Penile urethra

    urethra in females

    lower part of the vagina

    greater vestibular glands

    vestibule

    urethral and paraurethal glands
    • Prostate
    • Urinary bladder
    • Bulbourethral glands
    • Penile urethra
    • urethra in females
    • lower part of the vagina
    • greater vestibular glands
    • vestibule
    • urethral and paraurethal glands
  15. The structure dividing the cloaca into two parts is the:

    Distal retention band.

    Transverse septum.

    Urogenital sinus.

    Cloacal membrane. 

    Urorectal septum
    Urorectal septum
  16. The urorectal septum divides what into what? and When?
    • Divides the cloaca
    • Urogenital sinus and rectum
    • 2nd month
  17. After the sinovaginal bulbs have proliferated and fused, they form a solid core of endodermal cells known as the:

    Sinus tubercle.

    Prostatic utricle.

    Vaginal plate.

    Uterovaginal primordium.

    Vault of vagina.
    Vaginal Plate
  18. The sinovaginal bulbs are invaginations from what?
    Urogenital sinus
  19. The layer of ectodermal cells which canalizes to form the urethra at the distal end of the
    glans of the male phallus is known as the:

    Glandular plate.

    Urethral plate.

    Urogenital fold.

    Primitive corpora spongiosum.

    Phallic part of the UG sinus
    Glandular plate
  20. Penile and spongy urethra arise from the fusion of what?
    urethral folds
  21. The following structures are the derivatives of the primitive urogenital sinus EXCEPT:

    Most part of the urinary bladder.

    Male urethra.

    Female urethra.

    Upper part of vagina.

    Vestibule of vagina.
    Upper part of the vagina ( paramesophrenic ducts)
  22. The following structures are developmental homologues:

    Scrotum – labia minora.

    Gubernaculum testis/ scrotal ligament - round ligament of uterus and ligament of ovary.

    Ductus deferens –uterine tube.

    Penile urethra –vagina.
    Gubernaculum testis/ scrotal ligament - round ligament of uterus and ligament of ovary.
  23. The structure of the female pelvis representing the homologue of the gubernaculum testis are:

    Cardinal ligament of the uterus.

    Round ligament of uterus.

    Suspensory ligament of the ovary.

    Median umbilical ligament.
    Round Ligament of the uterus

    Caldinal ligament - endopelvic fascia surrounding the uterine vessels ; helps support the uterus

    Suspensory ligament of the ovary - peritoneum over ovarian vessels
  24. Which of the following ligaments is derived from peritoneum?

    Cardinal ligament of the uterus.

    Puboprostatic ligament.

    Ligament of ovary.

    Suspensory ligament of ovary.

    Round ligament of uterus.

    Broad ligament of ovary
    • Suspensory ligament of the ovary
    • Broad ligament of ovary
  25. The structures listed below are of mesodermal origin EXCEPT:

    Cortex of the kidney.

    Renal pyramids.

    Renal pelvis.

    Ureter.

    Urethra.
    Urethra ( endodermal origin)
  26. The urethra arises from what?
    cloaca
  27. The embryonic origin of the vagina is/are:

    Urethral folds.

    Genital tubercle.

    Genital swellings.

    Sinovaginal bulbs.

    Cloaca.

    Intermediate mesoderm

    Endoderm
    • Sinovaginal bulbs
    • Intermediate mesoderm - upper part of the vagina
    • Endoderm-lower part
  28. The embryonic origin(s) of the labia minora is/are:

    Urethral folds.

    Genital tubercle.

    Genital swellings.

    Sinovaginal bulbs.

    Cloacal membrane.
    Urethral/urogenital folds
  29. The embryonic origin(s) of the penile urethra is/are:

    Urethral folds.

    Genital tubercle.

    Genital swellings.

    Sinovaginal bulbs.

    Cloacal membrane.
    Urethral folds
  30. The embryonic origin(s) of the scrotum is/are:

    Urethral folds.

    Genital tubercle.

    Genital swellings.

    Sinovaginal bulbs.

    Cloacal membrane.
    Genital swellings
  31. What divides cloaca into urorectal membrane/ urogenital sinus and anal membrane/anal canal?
    • Urogenital septum.
    • 4th to 7th weeks
  32. By which week of development should the anal and urorectal membranes rupture?
    9th week
  33. The urogenital sinus is derived from:

    Mesonephric or wolffian ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts.

    Neither

    Both
    Neither
  34. Describe the formation of the urogenital sinus.
    • Formed when the urorectals septum divides the cloaca into the urogenital sinus and rectum. 
    • Mesonephric ducts empty into the urogenital sinus POSTERIORLY.


    Paramesonephric ducts contac the posterior aspect of the ducts and induce the development of the vagina.
  35. The uterine tubes are derived from:

    Mesonephric or wolffian ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts

    Neither

    Both
    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts
  36. What do the paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts give rise to in the female reproductive system?
    • Uterine tubes
    • Uterus
    • Upper part of the vagina (DO NOT FORGET: lower part of vagina -sinovaginal bulbs ->endoderm )
  37. The seminal vesicles are derived from the:

    Mesonephric or wolffian ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts.

    Both 

    Neither
    Mesonephric or Wolffian ducts
  38. What do mesonephric ducts give rise to in the male reproductive system?
    • Seminal vesicles
    • Epididymis
    • Ductus deferens
    • Ejaculatory duct
  39. What is teh name of the male remnant of paramesonephric ducts?
    Prostatic utricle
  40. The appendix of the epididymis is derived from:

    Mesonephric or wolffian ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts.

    Both

    Neither
    Mesonephric ducts
  41. The appendix of the testis is derived from:

    Mesonephric or wolffian ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts.

    Both

    Neither
    Paramesonephric ducts
  42. Which of the following definitions is not true:

    Hypospadias – defect in the wall of the male urethra.

    Crytorchismus – failure of descent of the testis.

    True hemaphrodite has male and female gonads.

    Hydrocele testis  - collection of fluid within the testis tubules.
    Hydrocele testis - collection of fluid within the testis tubules ( it is an accumulation of fluid in tunica vaginalis testis)

    Hypospadias- incomplete fusion of urogenital folds ventrally
  43. With regard to the develpment of the testis:

    The embryonic origin of the germ cells is from the germinal epithelium of the gonad.

    Ductuli efferentes of the testis are derived from the mesonephric tubules.

    The testes descend through the inguinal canal due to contraction of the gubernaculum.

    The duct of the epydydimis, if uncoiled, woul measure less than a foot in length.

    The origin of the germ cells is the yolk sac endoderm
    Ductuli efferentes of the testis are derived from mesonephric tubules

    The origin od the germ cells is the yolk sac endoderm
  44. Why do testis descend through the inguinal canal?
    • Gubernaculum fails to elongate as rapidly as the body.
    • Some contration of the gubernaculum.
  45. The uterus arises from:

    Mesoderm.

    Endoderm.

    Paramesonephric ducts
    • Mesoderm
    • Paramesonephric ducts ( mesodermal tissue from urogenital ridge)
  46. Vagina arises from:

    Mesoderm.

    Endoderm.

    Both 

    Neither
    Both
  47. What is the embryonic origin of the vagina?
    • Lower part :urogenital sinus-sinovaginal bulbs ( endoderm)
    • Upper part :uterine canal -paramesonephric ducts ( intermediate mesoderm)
  48. The calyces of the kidney arise from:

    Mesoderm.

    Endoderm.

    Uteric bud

    Mesonephric duct
    • uteric bud - mesonephric duct- mesoderm 
    • ( in order )
  49. The following statements are true with respect to the development of the urogenital system:

    The germ cells, ova and sperm cells, are derived from intermediate mesoderm.

    The epydydimis is derived from the intermediate mesoderm.

    The wollfian ducts disappear without a trace in the female.

    The urinary bladder in the male is of endodermal origin only.
    The epididymis is derived from mesonephric duct.


    • Germ cells are derived from the yolk sac endoderm.
    • The wolffian ducts may persist as the Gartner's duct cysts.
    • Bladder is from urogenital sinus and mesodermal mesonephric ducts( trigone)
  50. What is the origin of bladder?
    • Urogenital sinus
    • Mesodermal mesonephric ducts - trigone
  51. The following structures are directly or indirectly derived from the mesonephric or wolffian
    duct EXCEPT:

    Part of the epydydimis.

    Part of the kidney.

    Part of the urinary bladder.

    Seminal vesicles.

    Prostate.
    Prostate 

    • Uteric bud , from the mesonephric duct, gives rise to the collecting system of the kidney.
    • Seminal vesicles bud from the mesonephric duct
    • A portion of the mesonephric duct is incorporated into the trigone region of the bladder.
  52. The following structures are derivatives of the primitive urogenital sinus EXCEPT:

    Most of the urinary bladder.

    Male urethra.

    Female urethra.

    Lower vagina.

    Ejaculatory ducts.
    Ejaculatory ducts - they are derivatives of the mesonephric ducts
  53. Which of the following is NOT a correct association:

    Congenital polycystic kidney – result of defective union of mesonephric and metanephric units.

    Urachal  fistula – persistence of allantoic duct.

    Double ureter – early splitting of the ureteric bud.

    Hydrocele testis – accumulation of fluid within the testis.
    Hydrocele testis -accumulation of fluid in testis
  54. Which of the following
    is/are correct association(S):

    Congenital polycystic kidney – result of defective union of mesonephric and metanephric units.

    Urachal  fistula – persistence of allantoic duct.

    Double ureter – early splitting of the ureteric bud.

    Hydrocele testis – accumulation of fluid within the testis.
    Congenital polycystic kidney – result of defective union of mesonephric and metanephric units.

    • Urachal  fistula – persistence of allantoic duct.
    • Double ureter – early splitting of the ureteric bud.
  55. The embryonic origin of the tubuli recti of the kidney is:

    Mesonephric tubules.

    Wolffian duct.

    Ureteric bud or metanephric diverticulum.

    Metanephric blastema.

    Metanephric glomeruli.
    uteric bud 
  56. The excretory system of the kidney, the cortex, develops from what?
    metanephric blastema
  57. The derivatives of the
    Wolffian duct include each of the following except:

    Longitudinal duct of
    Gartner.

    Round ligament of
    uterus.

    Ductus deferens.

    Ductus of epididymis.

    Ejaculatory duct.
    Round ligament of the uterus- derived from the gubernaculum 
  58. Of the following, the one most closely associated with the prostate gland is:

    Mesonephric tubules.

    Mesonephric or wolffian ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts.

    Genital swellings.

    Urogenital sinus. 
    Urogenital sinus
  59. The urogenital sinus gives rise to what, in the male?
    • urinary bladder
    • all the urethra except the distal part
    • prostate
    • bulbourethral glands
  60. The urogenital sinus gives rise to what, in female?
    • Urinary bladder
    • Urethra
    • Lower part of the vagina
    • vestibule
    • urethral+paraurethral glands 
    • greater vestibular glands
  61. Of the following, the one most closely associated with the oviduct is the:

    Mesonephric tubules.

    Mesonephric or wolffian ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts.

    Genital swellings.

    Urogenital sinus. 
    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts
  62. In males, what are the remnants of the paramesonephric ducts?
    • prostatic utricle
    • appendix of testis
  63. In females, the paramesonephric ducts give rise to what?
    • upper part of the vagina
    • uterus
    • uterine tubes
  64. Of the following, the one most closely associated with the efferent ducts of the testes is:

    Mesonephric tubules.

    Mesonephric or wolffian ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts.

    Genital swellings.

    Urogenital sinus. 
    Mesonephric tubules 
  65. Of the following, the one most closely associated with the vestibule in the female is:

    Mesonephric tubules.

    Mesonephric or wolffian ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts.

    Genital swellings.

    Urogenital sinus. 
    Urogenital sinus
  66. Of the following, the one most closely associated with the seminal vesicle is:

    Mesonephric tubules.

    Mesonephric or wolffian
    ducts.

    Paramesonephric or Mullerian ducts.

    Genital swellings.

    Urogenital sinus. 
    Mesonephric ducts
  67. In males, mesonephric ducts give rise to what?
    • Seminal vesicle
    • Ductus epididymis
    • Ductus deferens
    • Ejaculatory duct
  68. Which of the following is NOT true concerning urinary system development:

    The epithelium of the female and male urethra is of endodermal origin.

    The distal convoluted tubules arise from metanephric blastema.

    The collecting ducts arise from the ureteric bud.

    The glomerulus arises from the ureteric bud.
    the glomerulus arises from the uteric bud - The glomerulos is a vascular structure, not mesonephric
  69. Which of the following
    is true concerning urinary system development:

    The epithelium of the female and male urethra is of endodermal origin.

    The distal convoluted tubules arise from metanephric blastema.

    The collecting ducts arise from the ureteric bud.

    The glomerulus arises from the ureteric bud.
    The epithelium of the female and male urethra is of endodermal origin.

    • The distal convoluted tubules arise from metanephric blastema.
    • The collecting ducts arise from the ureteric bud.
  70. Th kidneys arise from 2 sources. Which?
    • Metanephric mesoderm - excretory units
    • Uteric bud - collecting system
  71. In the urinary system:

    Presence of feces at the umbilicus of an infant may be indicative of an urachal fistula.

    Renal agenesis is most likely due to an endocrine imbalance.

    Urine is excreted to the amniotic fluid during the second half of pregnancy.
    Urine is excreted to the emaniotic fluid during the 2nd half of the pregancy.


    Congential polycistic kidneys is cause by abnormal metanephric and uteric union.
  72. When are the definitive kidneys functional?
    12 th week
  73. What is urachal fistula?
    Persistence of the allantois duct from the umbilicus to the bladder
  74. The urinary system in the human does not:

    Develop from intermediate mesoderm.

    Develop from two different sources.

    Develop in close association with the genital system.

    Have a funtional pronephros during the 4th week of gestation
    Have a functional pronephros during the 4th week
  75. Exstrophy of the bladder:

    Is frequently accompanied by hypospadias.

    Is due to a primary defect in endoderm migration.

    Is due to a deficient growth of the urorectal septum.

    Exposes the posterior wall of the bladder to the outside.
    Exposes the posterior wall of the bladder to the outside

    • Is frequently accompanied by epispadias.
    • It may be caused by failure of mesenchyme migration to form the anterior abdominal wall as weel as anterior wall of bladder
  76. A true hemaphrodite can be distinguished from a pseudohemaphrodite by:

    Chromosome complement.

    Behavior.

    Appearance of external genitalia.

    Presence of both testicular and ovarian tissue.
    Presence of both testicular and ovarian tissue.
  77. Abnormal development of external genitalia in an XY male would NOT be due to:

    5-alpha reductase deficiency.

    Androgen receptor deficiency.

    Failure of androgen-receptor complex to elicit a response in the nucleus.

    Failure in the cellular conversion of testosterone to estradiol.
    Failure of the cellular conversion of testosterone to estradiol
  78. Abnormal development
    of external genitalia in an XY male can be caused by:

    5-alpha reductase deficiency.

    Androgen receptor deficiency.

    Failure of androgen-receptor complex to elicit a response in the nucleus.

    Failure in the cellular conversion of testosterone to estradiol.
    • 5-alpha reductase deficiency.
    • Androgen receptor deficiency.
    • Failure of androgen-receptor complex to elicit a response in the nucleus.
  79. In the absence of an inducing substance from the gonad of an XY fetus:

    The indifferent external genitalia may develop into female or male structures.

    A true hermaphrodite
    develops.

    Derivatives of the
    paramesonephric duct may persist.

    The indifferent stage
    in the genital system persists in postnatal life.
    Derivatives of the paramesonephric duct may persist.
  80. In the development of the genital system:

    Primordial germ cells induce the indifferent gonads to develop into ovaries or testis.

    Primitive sex cords arise from coelomic epithelium of the genital ridge in embryos of both sexes.

    Cortival cords give rise to follicular cells.

    Medullary cords give rise to seminiferous tubules in the male.
    • Primordial germ cells induce the indifferent gonads to develop into ovaries or testis.
    • Primitive sex cords arise from coelomic epithelium of the genital ridge in embryos of both sexes.
    • Cortival cords give rise to follicular cells.
    • Medullary cords give rise to seminiferous tubules in the male.
  81. An individual has 44 + XY chromosomes with testes but his tissues are unresponsive to androgens. This individual may have:

    Uterine tubes.

    Blind ending vagina.

    Prostate gland.

    External appearance of a male.
    Blind end vagina
  82. In the urinary system:

    The excretory units are outgrows from collecting ducts.

    The bladder is a derivative of the urogenital sinus.

    The collecting ducts are derived from the metanephric blastema.

    A urachal fistula is a remnant of the cloaca.
    The bladder is a derivative of the urogenital sinus
  83. The collecting system is a derivative of what?
    uteric bud
  84. Excretory units ( Bowman's to DCT) are derivatives of what?
    metanephric blastema
  85. In the human, the mesonephros:

    Is important in the development of the internal genital organs in the female.

    Is the definitive unit of the kidey.

    Contributes to the outlet ducts from the testis.

    Has a dual origin from splanchnic mesoderm.

    Originate within the intermediate mesoderm
    • Contributes to the outlet ducts from the testis.
    • Originate within the intermediate mesoderm
  86. In the genital system:

    Duplication abnormalities of the uterus may be due to lack of fusion of paramesonephric
    ducts.

    The most common cause of female pseudohemaphroditism  is
    excessive androgen production.

    Cyptorchism may be due to abnormal androgen production.

    Pure gonadal dysgenesis may be due to failure of primordial germ cells to seed the
    indifferent gonad.
    • Duplication abnormalities of the uterus may be due to lack of fusion of paramesonephri ducts.
    • The most common cause of female pseudohemaphroditism  isexcessive androgen production.
    • Cyptorchism may be due to abnormal androgen production.
    • Pure gonadal dysgenesis may be due to failure of primordial germ cells to seed the indifferent gonad.
  87. Too little androgen in males may cause what?
    Cryptorchism
  88. Which of the following associations are correct?

    Renal pelvis – ureteric bud.

    Ureter – ureteric bud.

    Urethra – urogenital sinus.

    Median ulmbilical ligament – urachus.
    • Renal pelvis – ureteric bud.
    • Ureter – ureteric bud.
    • Urethra – urogenital sinus.
    • Median ulmbilical ligament – urachus.
  89. Bilateral renal agenesis:

    Is due to an endocrine imbalance.

    Is incompatible with life.

    Results when the kidneys fail to migrate out of the pelvis.

    Is due to the absence of a paramesonephric duct.
    Is incompatible with life

    Bilateral renal agnesis is due to early degeneration of the uteric bud or to a lack of induction of the metanephric mesoderm by the uteric bud
  90. In the female:

    The clitoris forms from the genital swellings.

    The ureter forms from the urogenital sinus.

    The urogenital groove remains open and forms the vestibule.

    The clitoris forms from genital tubercle.
    • The urogenital groove remains open and forms the vestible
    • The clitoris forms from genital tubercle.
  91. In male, the genital tubercle gives rise to what?
    glans of penis
  92. Which is not correct:

    True hemaphrodite has testicular and ovarian tissue regardless of genetic or phenotypic sex.

    Genetic males convert testosterone to DHT leading to the development of the male external genitalia.

    Testosterone is converted to estradiol in the brain, resulting in imprinting as male.

    Genetic sex always determines internal and external genitalia.
    Genetic sex always determines internal and external genitalia.
  93. Which is correct:

    True hemaphrodite has testicular and ovarian tissue regardless of genetic or phenotypic sex.

    Genetic males convert testosterone to DHT leading to the development of the male external genitalia.

    Testosterone is converted to estradiol in the brain, resulting in imprinting as male.

    Genetic sex always determines internal and external genitalia.
    • True hemaphrodite has testicular and ovarian tissue regardless of genetic or phenotypic sex.
    • Genetic males convert testosterone to DHT leading to the development of the male external genitalia.
    • Testosterone is converted to estradiol in the brain, resulting in imprinting as male.
  94. In the male, which is not correct:

    Elongation of the genital tubercle forms the phallus.

    Fusion of the urethral folds establishes the penile urethra.

    The genital swellings form the scrotum.

    Abnormal positioning of the genital tubercles causes hypospadias.
    Abnormal positioning of the genital tubercle causes hypospadias.
  95. Concerning testicular feminization syndrome, which is NOT correct:

    Individuals are males with a 46, XY chromosome complement.

    The paramesonephric system is suppressed, oviducts and uterus are absent.

    External genital tissue is unresponsive to androgen.

    There is a lack of androgen production by the testes.
    There is a lack of androgen production by the testes.
  96. Concerning testicular feminization syndrome, which is correct:

    Individuals are males with a 46, XY chromosome
    complement.

    The paramesonephric system is suppressed, oviducts and uterus are absent.

    External genital tissue is unresponsive to androgen.

    There is a lack of androgen production by the testes.
    • Individuals are males with a 46, XY chromosomecomplement. 
    • The paramesonephric system is suppressed, oviducts and uterus are absent. 
    • External genital tissue is unresponsive to androgen.
  97. At about what age do the testes begin to descend into the scrotum?

    3 months.

    4 months.

    5 months.

    6 months.

    7 months.

    8 months.
    8 months
  98. When do testes begin to descend?

    3 months 

    4 months.

    5 months.

    6 months.

    7 months.

    8 months.
    3 months
  99. Which of the following are derivatives of the human pronephros?

    Renal capsule

    Bowman's capsule

    Both

    Neither
    Neither - The human pronephros form and degenerate so quickly that nothing at all really comes from it.
  100. Which of the following are functional derivatives of the mesonephros?

    Efferent ductules in the male.

    Fallopian tube in the female.

    Both.

    Neither
    Efferent ductules in the male
  101. Which of the following are functional derivatives of the paramesonephric ducts?

    Efferent ductules in the male.

    Fallopian tube in the female.

    Both.

    Neither
    Fallopian tube in the female.
  102. Embryologically, each uriniferous tubule consists of two parts, which become confluent at the junction of the:

    Ascending limb of Henle’s loop and the distal convoluted tube.

    Renal corpuscle and the proximal convoluted tube.

    Descending and ascending limbs of loop of Henle.

    Proximal convoluted tubule and loop of Henle.

    Distal convoluted tubule and the collecting tubule.
    DCT and the collecting tubule.

    • Everything from Bownman's capsule to DCT develops from the metanephric cap. 
    • Everything from the Collecting tubules to the ureter develops from the ureteric bud.
  103. The ureteric bud appears as an outgrow from the:

    Metanephric mass.

    Lateral plate mesoderm.

    Urogenital sinus.

    Allantoic duct.

    Mesonephric duct.
    Mesnephric duct
  104. The uteric bud forms what?
    Collecting system : ureter, renal pelvis, calyces and collecting ducts
  105. The paramesonephric ducts in the female embryos give rise to:

    Uterine tubes and uterus.

    Epoophoron.

    Inferior fifth of the vagina.

    Round ligament of uterus.

    Ovarian ligament. 

    Upper 1/3 of vagina.
    • Uterine tubes + uterus
    • Upepr 1/3 of the vagina
  106. In the female, gubernaculum gives rise to what ligaments?
    • Round ligament of the uterus
    • Ovarian ligament
  107. Which of the following gives rise to the labia majora:

    Genital folds.

    Genital swellings.

    Genital tubercle.

    Urorectal fold.

    Inguinal fold.
    Genital swellings
  108. Which of the following is a remnant of the gubernaculum?

    Prostatic utricle.

    Ductus deferens.

    Median umbilical ligament.

    Vagina.

    Labium majora.

    Seminal vesicle.

    Proper ovarian ligament.

    Urinary bladder.

    Clitoris.

    Ureter.

    Uterine tube.

    Testis.

    Kidney.

    Labium minora.

    Round ligament of the uterus.

    Scrotal ligament.
    • Proper ovarian ligament
    • Round ligament of the uterus
    • Scrotal ligament
  109. Which of the following is a remnant of the allantois?

    Prostatic utricle.

    Ductus deferens.

    Median umbilical
    ligament.

    Vagina.

    Labium majora.

    Seminal vesicle.

    Proper ovarian
    ligament.

    Urinary bladder.

    Clitoris.

    Ureter.

    Uterine tube.

    Testis.

    Kidney.

    Labium minora.
    median umbilical ligament. 

    The allantois becomes the urachus . The median umbilical ligament is the remnant of urachus
  110. Which of the following develops from the intermediate mesoderm in response to induction by the
    ureteric bud?

    Prostatic utricle.

    Ductus deferens.

    Median umbilical
    ligament.

    Vagina.

    Labium majora.

    Seminal vesicle.

    Proper ovarian
    ligament.

    Urinary bladder.

    Clitoris.

    Ureter.

    Uterine tube.

    Testis.

    Kidney.

    Labium minora.
    Kidneys
  111. Which of the following develops from the genital tubercle?

    Prostatic utricle.

    Ductus deferens.

    Median umbilical
    ligament.

    Vagina.

    Labium majora.

    Seminal vesicle.

    Proper ovarian
    ligament.

    Urinary bladder.

    Clitoris.

    Ureter.

    Uterine tube.

    Testis.

    Kidney.

    Labium minora.

    Distal penis ( glans )
    • Clitoris
    • Distal penis ( glans)

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