Research Exam 1: Chapter 2

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Research Exam 1: Chapter 2
2015-01-22 18:19:56
knowledge building
Exam 1 Ch 2
Show Answers:

  1. When can you feel comfortable with using a certain method in acquiring research evidence?
    when 2, 3, or more studies say the same thing in different settings
  2. What are the steps of knowledge building when creating an agency protocol?
    Individual studies > research summary > evidence-based guideline > agency protocol
  3. What are customs or trends that can narrow or limit knowledge
  4. What type of knowledge is based on a person's expertise in an area that can influence opinions or behaviors
  5. What is it called when one acquires knowledge by using knowledge from other disciplines to guide nursing practice?
  6. What is validity
  7. What is reliability
    consistent performance
  8. What type of knowledge is acquired by trying to see what will work without certainty? Knowledge is gained through experience.
    Trial and error
  9. What are cons of trial and error
    Their very time consuming and involves many failures
  10. Describe Benner's (1984) levels of experience
    novice > advanced beginner > competent
  11. What is imitating the behavior of an expert called?
    Role modeling
  12. What is it called when the person being role modeled is a sponsor or guide?
  13. What is organizing ideas to reach conclusions; leads to a premise
  14. What is a statement of a proposed relationship between 2 or more concepts?
  15. Name two types of reasoning
    • inductive
    • deductive
  16. What type of reasoning is general to specific?
  17. What type of reasoning is specific to general
  18. What is a phenomena
    what we are interested in learning about
  19. Is Inductive reasoning qualitative or quantitative
  20. Is deductive qualitative or quantitative
  21. What 5 things are included in a phenomena
    • client as a person
    • client's environment
    • nursing practice
    • nurse/pt relationship/communication
    • healthcare system
  22. What is the most important aspect of a research study from the planning perspective?
  23. Name 5 purposes of an individual study
    • understand
    • develop theory
    • description
    • measurement (comparison)
    • Test hypothesis
  24. What are 4 qualitative research methods?
    • phenomenological
    • ground theory
    • ethnographic
    • historical
  25. What is the philosophical origin of qualitative research
    naturalistic, interpretive, humanistic
  26. What is the focus of qualitative research
    broad, subjective, holistic
  27. What is the reasoning of qualitative research
    • dialectic
    • inductive
  28. What is the basis of knowing in qualitative research
    meaning, discovery, understanding
  29. What is the theoretical focus of qualitative research
    Theory development
  30. Name 4 types of quantitative research methods
    • description
    • correlation
    • Quasi-experimental
    • Experimental
  31. What is the philosophical origin of quantitative research
    Logical positivism
  32. What is the focus of quantitative research
    concise, objective, reductionistic
  33. What is the reasoning of quantitative research
    • logistic
    • deductive
  34. What is the basis of knowledge for quantitative research
    cause and effect relationships
  35. What is the theoretical focus of quantitative research
    tests theory
  36. What type of research focuses on patients, families, providers, health care systems, and results
    Outcomes research
  37. What changes practice and develops policy within the health care system?
    Outcomes that are used
  38. What is a systematic review
    A comprehensive identification, analysis, and summarization of all research related to a specific topic/issue/question
  39. What is a systematic review also known as
    Integrative research review
  40. What is a critique of studies on a selected topic or practice problem?
    Integrative research review
  41. What does a systematic review lead to?
    development of evidenced based practice guidelines
  42. Why is research important for evidence based practice
    develops Empirical knowledge and improves outcomes
  43. What is a set of research based recommendations that were systematically developed with careful consideration of the strength of the supporting evidence
    Evidence-based clinical practice guideline
  44. Why do we use science as the basis for clinical protocols
    Gets us beyond opinion, power plays, traditions, and intuition
  45. What is a set of specific care actions for a patient population that has been endorsed by those that are using it
  46. Name 3 steps of developing an E.B. protocol
    • Identify question/issue/goal
    • Locate/summarize science
    • Translate science into clinical protocol that works for the agency