Card Set Information
What does the Falciform ligament connect?
anterior abdominal wall
This ligament connects the liver to the anterior abdominal wall.
Which structures are contained in the Falciform ligament?
Ligamentum teres hepatis
fetal umbilical vein
This ligament contains the ligamentum teres hepatis.
This structure is a derivative of the fetal umbilical vein. In which ligament is it contained?
Ligamentum teres hepatis
Contained in the
connects the liver to the anterior abdominal wall.
Where is the Falciform ligament derived from?
What does the hepatoduodenal ligament connect?
This ligament connects the liver to duodenum.
Hepatoduodenal ligament (derivative of lesser omentum)
Which structures are contained in the Hepatoduodenal ligament?
Proper hepatic artery
Common bile duct
What does the Gastrohepatic ligament connect?
lesser curvature of the stomach
This ligament connects the liver to the lesser curvature of the stomach.
The lesser omentum is divided into two ligaments. What are they?
Which structures are contained in the gastrohepatic ligament?
This ligament contains the gastric arteries.
Conncts the liver to the lesser curvature of the stomach
What does the gastrocolic ligament connect?
This ligament connects the greater curvature of the stomach to the transverse colon.
This ligament contains the gastroepiploic arteries.
Which structures are contained in the Gastrocolic ligament?
Gastroepiploic arteries/ Gastro-omental arteries
What does the gastrosplenic ligament connect?
This ligament connects the greater curvature and the spleen.
Which structures are contained in the gastospenic ligament?
Left gastroepiploic vessels
The short gastrics are contained in this ligament.
The left gastroepiploic vessels are contained in this ligament.
What does the splenorenal ligament connect?
posterior abdominal wall
This ligament connects the spleen to the posterior abdominal wall.
This ligament contains the splenic artery.
This ligament contains the splenic vein.
This ligament contains the tail of the pancreas.
Which structures are contained in the Splenorenal ligament?
Splenic artery and vein
Tail of pancreas
In females, no fusion of the urogenital folds result in?
Formation of the
In males, incomplete fusion of the urogenital/ urethral folds result in?
- abnormal opening of penile urethra on ventral surface of the penis
What causes Hypospadias?
Failure of the
to fuse in males results in an abnormal opening of penile urethra on the ventral surface of the penis.
Where does the labia minora form from?
of the urethral folds
What does the urethral folds become in males and females respectively?
Ventral shaft of the penis
(penile urethra) in males.
What causes Epispadias?
Faulty positioning of the
causes abnormal positioning of penile urethra on
dorsal surface of penis.
What does the genital tubercule develop into?
Penis and Clitoris
Corpus cavernosum and spongiosum
What causes a bifid scrotum?
Bifid scrotum (2 separate sacs) results from the malunion of
What does the labioscrotal swelling differentiate to in males and females respectively?
Where does the scrotum differentiate from?
Where does the labia majora develop from?
Deletion of a single nucleotide causes this type of mutation.
What is a frameshift mutation?
Deletion or insertion of any number of nucleotides that are NOT multiples of three.
Usually results in a nonfunctional protein
What is a conservative mutation?
A type of
in which one amino acid is replaced with another amino acid that has similar biochemical characteristics.
What is a Missense mutation?
Nucleotide substitution resulting in changed amino acid.
It is called
if the new amino acid is similar in chemical structure.
What is a nonsense mutation?
Nucletide substitution resulting in early stop codon- UAA, UGA, UAG
What toxicity can arise from the use of Halothane?
- occurs after surgery
Why is it that antibodies do not confer immunity against hepatitis C virus?
Because there are
variations in the antigenic structure of the virus.
Also, there is
no proofreading 3'→5' exonuclease activity in the RNA
. As a result, there are many uncorrected mutations.
How do we calculate filtration fraction?
(RPF=Renal plasma flow)
What are the effects of ureteral constriction on filtration fraction and GFR?
↓FF and ↓GFR
What causes Classic galactosemia?
Absense of galactose-1-phosphate-uridyltransferase
In this disease, there is a deficiency of galctose-1-phosphate-uridyltransferase.
Describe the presentation of Classic galactosemia.
Presents as failure to thrive soon after breastfeeding is begun
What complication can arise from Classic galactosemia?
Can lead to
sepsis in neonates
How do we treat classic galactosemia?
(galactoe + glucose) from diet.
What is Generalized anxiety disorder?
Excessive worry over several different issues
accompanied by sleep disturbance, fatigue, GI disturbance, difficulty concentrating