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Explain why airspace control is critical to our success on the modern battlefield.
Joint force operations require airspace control to prevent interference among units.
The battlefield is three dimensional and is very complex.
The _______ ____ of airspace control is to enhance combat operations and increase operational
effectiveness of all forces.
Minimize friendly fire losses:
Safe and expeditious movement of
What are the two methods of airspace control?
Positive and Procedural control.
What are the four joint procedural airspace control measures?
- - Joint Airspace Control Measures
- - Service-specific procedures
- - FSCMs
- - Air Defense Control Measures
Which joint procedural airspace control measure deals with ROA/ROZ, Coordination Altitude (CA), Coordination Line (CL), and Airspace Coordination Area (ACA)?
Joint Airspace Control Measures.
Which joint procedural airspace control measure deals with Base Defense Zones (BDZ), Battle Positions (BP), Attack by Fire positions (ABF), and Engagement Areas (EA)?
- Service-specific procedures.
Which joint procedural airspace control measure deals with Permissive and Restrictive measures?
Which permissive measure is an area into which fire support means may fire without coordination; the purpose is to expedite fires?
Free Fire Area (FFA).
Which permissive measure is a line beyond which mortars, field artillery units and naval gunfire ships may deliver surface-to-surface fires at any time within the zone of the establishing headquarters without coordination?
Coordinated Fire Line (CFL).
Which permissive measure is established and adjusted by the land force commander, in consultation with superior,
subordinate, supporting, and affected commanders?
Fire Support Coordination Line (FSCL)
Which restricted measure prohibits all fires and their effects into an area without prior clearance?
No Fire Area (NFA)
Which restrictive measure restricts certain affects over specific areas?
Restrictive Fire Area (RFA)
Which restricted measure prevents fratricide between converging friendly units?
Restrictive Fire Line (RFL)
Which restricted measure is used primarily in CAS situations?
Airspace Coordination Area (ACA)
What is used as a means to coordinate their efforts with each other and with the scheme of
maneuver of the supported ground unit?
Zone of Fire.
What is an appropriate maneuver area assigned to fire support ships by the naval force
commander from which they deliver surface fire support to an operation ashore?
Fire Support Area (FSA)
What is normally associated with amphibious operations but can be used whenever it is
desirable to have a fire support ship occupy a certain geographic position?
Fire Support Station (FSS)
Explain why a boundary may be permissive and restrictive in nature.
- While a boundary provides freedom
- of movement within the boundary, it does not allow fires outside of the boundary.
What allows lethal attack against surface targets without further coordination with
the establishing commander and without terminal attack control?
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