English Grammar I
Card Set Information
English Grammar I
english grammar memoria press
English Grammar I from Memoria Press
Capitalization Rule #1
first word of a sentence
the pronoun I
Capitalization Rule #2
all words referring to God
Capitalization Rule #3
words that show family relationship if used as a name, but not if preceded by a possessive pronoun
Capitalization Rule #4
first word and all important words in titles
Capitalization Rule #5
months of the year
days of the week
B.C and A.D.
Capitalization Rule #6
compass directions when referring to regions of the world but not compass directions
Capitalization Rule #7
titles of persons when they precede a name or when used in place of a name.
Dr., Mr., Mrs., Senator, President, Captain, etc.
Capitalization Rule #8
salutation and closing of a letter
Capitalization Rule #9
the first word of a direct quote
Capitalization Rule #10
proper nouns and adjectives
What is a sentence?
A sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought.
What are the two parts of every sentence?
The two parts of every sentence are the subject and predicate.
What is a subject?
The subject tells who or what the sentence is about.
What is a predicate?
The predicate tell what the subject is or does.
Give the four types of sentences with definitions
Declarative - makes a statement
Imperative - gives a command or makes a request
Interrogative - asks a question
Exclamatory - expresses strong feeling
Give the eight parts of speech
What is a noun?
a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea
Name the four ways nouns may be classified
Nouns may be common or proper, concrete or abstract, collective, and compound.
What is a common noun? Give examples
A common noun names a non-specific person, place, or thing. It is not capitalized. (ex. man, country, building)
What is a proper noun? Give examples.
A proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing. It is capitalized. (ex. John, Italy, the White House)
What is a concrete noun? Give examples.
A concrete noun names something that can be perceived by the senses. (ex. table, book, smoke)
What is an abstract noun? Give examples.
An abstract noun names a quality, characteristic, or ideal that cannot be perceived by the senses. (ex. hope, beauty, love)
What is a compound noun? Give the three kinds with examples.
The words can be joined into one word. (ex. doorstep)
The words can be joined with hyphens (ex. sister-in-law)
The words can be separate (ex. United States of America)
What is a collective noun? Give examples.
A collective noun names a group. (ex. team, flock, class)
Name and define the three grammar persons.
first person (the person speaking)
second person (the person spoken to)
third person (the person spoken about)
What is a pronoun?
a word used in place of a noun
Give the subject personal pronouns in three persons. (nominative pronouns)
he, she, it
Give the object personal pronouns in three persons. (objective pronouns)
him, her, it
What is an adjective?
a word that modifies a noun or pronoun
Give the three questions adjectives answer with examples.
Adjectives answer the questions:
which one (ex. John gave Mary
what kind (ex. John gave Mary a
how much or how many (ex. John gave Mary
What is an adverb?
a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
Give the four questions adverbs answer. Give examples.
Adverbs answer the questions:
how (ex. He walks
when (ex. He walks
where (ex. He walks
to what extent (ex. He walks
What is a verb?
a word that shows action or being
What verb shows being or existence?
shows being or existence.
Give all forms of the verb
is, was, were
be, being, been
What is a physical action verb? Give examples.
A physical action verb expresses action that can be perceived by the senses. (ex. kick, run, eat)
What is a mental action verb? Give examples.
A mental action verb expresses action that cannot be perceived by the senses. (ex. think, know, believe)
What is a verb phrase? Give examples.
A verb phrase is made up of a main verb and one or more helping verbs. (ex. I
have been walking
for an hour. I
should have walked
Give the common helping verbs.
am, are, is, was, were, being, been
have, has, had
do, does, did
may, might, must
shall, should, ought
Give the first three English verb tenses and an example of each using
Present tense - I
Past tense - I
Future tense - I
End Mark Rule #1
Use a period at the end of a statement.
End Mark Rule #2
Use a period at the end of an abbreviation. (ex. St., Rd., Mr., Dr.)
Do not use a period for abbreviations of well-known phrases or names of organizations. (ex. KJV, USA, USPS)
Use a period after each initial that is part of a name. (ex. C.S. Lewis)
End Mark Rule #3
Use an exclamation point at the end of an exclamation. (ex. What a beautiful sunrise!)
End Mark Rule #4
Use a question mark at the end of a question. (ex. What time is it?)
End Mark Rule #5
An imperative sentence may be followed by a period or an exclamation mark, depending on the force intended. (ex. Please close the door. Come here right now!)
Comma Rule #1
Use a comma to separate items in a series. (ex. I have pens, paper, pencils, and books in my backpack.)
Comma Rule #2
Use a comma to separate two or more adjectives preceding a noun. (ex. It was a gray, dreary morning.)
Comma Rule #3
Use a comma in certain conventional situations.
a. To separate items in addresses and dates (ex. We have lived at 12 Maple Street in Albany, NY, since March 17, 1990.)
b. After the salutation of a friendly letter and the closing of any letter. (ex. Dear Sue, Sincerely, Sally)
c. Use a comma after a name when followed by Jr., Sr., Ph.D. (ex. Martin Luther King, Jr.)
Apostrophe Rule #1
Add an apostrophe to form the possessive of a plural noun ending in
. (ex. All the boys' shoes were wet and muddy.
Apostrophe Rule #2
apostrophe s ('s)
to form the possessive of a singular noun or plural nouns not ending in s.
Apostrophe Rule #3
Add an apostrophe to indicate where letters have been omitted in a contraction. (ex. can't, didn't)
Quotation Marks Rule #1
Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quote - a person's exact words. (ex. Aslan said, "Once a king or queen in Narnia, always a king or queen."
Colon Rule #1
Use a colon in certain conventional situations.
a. between the hour and the minute (ex. 4:00 p.m.)
b. between the chapter and verse for Bible references (ex. John 3:16)
Hyphen Rule #1
Hyphens are used in writing compound number words from
Hyphen Rule #2
Hyphens are used in many compound words. (ex. great-grandfather)