Macromolecules and Carbohydrates

Card Set Information

Author:
chanchan27104
ID:
293842
Filename:
Macromolecules and Carbohydrates
Updated:
2015-01-25 16:16:30
Tags:
biology
Folders:
BIO 183,Exam I,Macromolecules
Description:
Big molecules
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  1. Macromolecules
    small organic molecules joined to gether to form larger molecules
  2. Polymer
    long molecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks linked by covalent bonds
  3. Carbohydrates
    • Includes sugar and their polymers
    • Formulas are some multiple of the unit CH2O
    • Simplest form: monosaccharides
    • Digested into bloodstream as glucose, which is used to fuel our bodies for normal daily activity and exercise
  4. Maltose
    • Malt Sugar
    • Formed by joining two glucose molecules
  5. Sucrose
    • Table sugar
    • formed by joining glucose and fructose
  6. Plants store surplus glucose as....
    Starch
  7. Animals store surplus glucose as...
    glycogen
  8. What is a major component of the tough wall of plant cells?
    Cellulose

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