Human Sexuality Midterm
Card Set Information
Human Sexuality Midterm
Define Abstinence Only Education
the decision to avoid teaching adolescent students about sexual activity, STI's, contraception etc. education is unnecessary if students are taught to abstain for sexual activity.
How many college students in China received sex education?
What percentage of China use condoms frequently or often
entire group of people to which a researcher is attempting to apply a study sample's findings
a subset of the target population selected by researchers to represent entire pop
a method of selecting a sample of participants in such a way that each member of pop has equal chance of being selected
a scientific research method that determines the extent to which two variables are systematically related to one another
3 types of correlation
positive: change in same direction negative: change in opposite direction no correlation: no relationship
3 patterns of effective communication
validating, volatile, conflict avoiding
Gottmans 4 warning signs
criticism, contempt, defensiveness, stonewalling
the sex male or female that a person identifies himself or herself to be
a set of behaviors, attitudes and emotions that are generally socially expected for men and women in a given culture
the masculinity- femininity dimension of our basic nature as humans
male genetic condition characterized by rounded body type, lack of facial hair, breast enlargement, small testicles
female genetic condition characterized by short stature, slow of no sexual development at puberty, heart abnormalities and lack of ovarian function
individuals whose gender identity varies from their biological sex
Gender Identity Disorder
a strong cross gender identification characterized by the desire to be the other sex, constant discomfort about ones biological sex culturally prescribed gender role
refers to stress or discomfort stemming from the self knowledge that ones biological sex does not conform to or is the opposite of his or her personal gender identity
transformed or is transforming from his or her biological sex to hi or her self identified gender through actions, dress, hormone therapy or surgery.
a passive form of aggression that includes behaviors such as malicious gossip, rumors and shunning
both male and female features, the way they dress, look etc.
Goals of Sex research
understand, predict and control sexual behavior
What do participants look like
not everyone is represented, most participants are male, younger and liberal sexual attitudes and sexually experienced. College students are a bias sample
Virginity belts, maybe sex is more than just getting pregnant and making babies, pleasure?
first person to do surveys and ask people about their sex lives, Kinsey scale
Masters and Johnson
first people to record sexual behavior. Hook up to measure B.P. heart rate and surface of skin temperature.
3500 people 2-3 hour surveys no one over 59 or under 18 was surveyed
What are the types of research conducted?
Clinical, Experimental, Observational, Survey
Two types of significance
Statistical- wow factor. Practical- math to back up no wow factor.
When does cognitive processing occur
doesn't start till puberty
externally determined roles related to sexuality that affect our decision making process
Who, what, when, where, why
young attractive physically fit, penile- vaginal, right away in relationship, in bed, because it feels good
biological femaleness or maleness
the social form that femaleness or maleness takes- think feminine or masculine
birth assigned sex matches gender identity
Theories of Gender Identity Formation
: observing behavior of same sex,
: rewards and punishments. Cognitive Development: can explain gender identity, girls long hair boys short hair. Biological Theory: DNA
: suggests all of these theories. biology lays groundwork and rest is based on the theories
8 weeks after conception male and female are the same after turns into clitoris or penis presence or lack of androgens
can't tell what gender
intersex is how many births
Why is sexual communication difficult
slang terms, no role models for this communication, effect of victorian era
intimate self disclosure
communicating something about yourself that is very personal
Know men and women scripts