Medical Terminology

Card Set Information

Medical Terminology
2015-01-29 10:26:42
Chapter2 Pertaining body whole

Pertaining to the body as a whole
Show Answers:

  1. What is a cell?
    The fundamental unit of all living things (animal or plant).
  2. what is a cell membrane?
    the part of the cell that not only surrounds and protects but also regulates what goes in and out of the cell.

    Cell wall refurs to plants
  3. What is a Nucleus?
    The part of the cell that controls the center of the cell allowing entry and departure. contains chromosomes
  4. what are chromosomes?
    Rod-like structures within the nucleus containing 23 pairs of genes that forms a persons genetic make-up
  5. cytoplasm?
    The cytoplasm includes all of the material outside the nucleus and enclosed by the membrane.
  6. Mitochondria?
    Small sausage-shaped bodies that provide the principal source of energy for the cell. stores fat

  7. Catabolism?
    • the process of using nutrients and oxygen to release energy that is stored in food during the chemical process.
    •  cata=down bol=cast ism=is a process.
  8. Endoplasmic reticulum?
    The network of canals within the cell. here large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces.
  9. Ribosomes?
    Build long chains of proteins.
  10. Anabolism?
    Occurring on the endoplasmic reticulum is the process of of building large proteins from small protein pieces called amino acids.

    ana=up bol=cast ism= is a process
  11. Metabolism?
    the total of the chemical process occurring in a cell. 

    • Anabolism and catabolism =Metebolism
    • mete=change
  12. Karyotype?
    Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of the cell. they are arranged in numerical order to determine their number an structure.
  13. Genes?
    Regions of DNA in each chromosomes.
  14. Structural Organization of the body?
    • cells, Tissues,
    • organs=Different types of tissues combined to from organs
    • systems= Groups of organs working together to preform complex functions.
  15. Different tissue hist include?
    Epithelial, muscle, connective, nerve
  16. Adipose tissue?
    Collection of fat cells?
  17. cartilage?
    Flexible connective tissue attached to the bones and joints.
  18. Epithelial cells?
    Skin cells that cover the outside of the body and line the internal surfaces of the organs.
  19. histologist?
    Specialist in study of tissue.
  20. larynx?
    voice box, located in the upper part of the trachea.
  21. Pharynx?
    Throat, passageway for food.
  22. Pituitary Gland?
    Endocrine gland at the base of the brain.
  23. Thyroid Gland?
    Endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck.
  24. Trachea?
    Windpipe, tube leading from the throat to the bronchial tubes.
  25. Ureter?
    One of two tubes leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder/cyst.
  26. Urethra?
    Tube from the Cyst to the outside of the body.
  27. Uterus?
    The womb the organ that holds the embryo/fetus as it develops.
  28. Viscera?
    internal organs
  29. Body cavities /Cranial?
    Brain, Pituitary Gland
  30. Body cavities/Thoracic?
    lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta

    the Thoracic cavity is divide into two parts Pleural cavity= space between the folds of the pleura surrounding the lung and the Mediastinum cavity= centrally located in the space outside of and between the lungs.
  31. Body cavities=Abdominal?
    The peritoneum is the doubled folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity...the kidneys are the two bean shaped organs situated behind the abdominal on either side of the back bone... also contains the stomach, small and large intestines ,spleen, pancreas, liver, and gall bladder... the diaphragm divides the abdominal and the thoracic cavities.
  32. Body cavities/ Pelvic?
    Portions of the small and large intestins, rectum, cyst, urethra and ureters; uterus and vagina in the female
  33. Body cavities/spinal?
    nerves of the spinal cord.
  34. DNA
    Chemical found in each chromosome. Arranged like a sequence of recipes in code it directs the activities of the cell.
  35. What are the major parts of a cell?
    cell membrane, nucleus, mitochondria, cytoplasm, chromosomes, endoplasmic reticulum
  36. which body cavity contains the pleural cavity and the mediastinum?
  37. Which body cavity contains the peritoneum?
  38. Abdominal cavity
    space below the chest containing organs such as the liver stomach gallbladder and intestines also called the abdomen
  39. cranial cavity
    space in the head containing the brain surrounded by the skull.
  40. diaphragm
    muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities. it moves up and down aiding in breathing
  41. dorsal (posterior)
    pertaining to back
  42. mediastinum
    centrally located space outside of and between the lungs
  43. Combining form of adip/o
  44. Combining form of anter/o?
  45. Combining form of cervic/o
  46. Combining form of chondr/o
  47. Combining form of crain/o
  48. Combining form of inguin/o
  49. Combining form of Kary/o
  50. Combining form of coccyg/o
    tail bone
  51. Combining form of bol/o
  52. Combining form of ili/o
    ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
  53. Combining form of lateral
  54. Combining form of lumb/o
    lower back (side and back between the ribs and pelvic)
  55. Combining form of medi/o
  56. Combining form of nucle/o
  57. Combining form of pelv/i
    pelvis, hip bone
  58. Combining form of proxim/o
  59. Combining form of sacr/o
  60. Combining form of sarc/o
  61. Combining form of thel/o, theli/o
  62. Combining form of thorac/o
  63. Combining form of ventr/o
    belly side of body
  64. Combining form of viscer/o
    internal organs
  65. prefix of epi
  66. prefix of inter
  67. prefix of meta
  68. prefix of ism
  69. prefix of eal iac ior
    pertaing to
  70. suffix ose
    pertaining to full of
  71. suffix plasm
  72. suffix somes
  73. suffix type
    picture classification
  74. Anterior is
    front surface of the body
  75. deep
    away from the body
  76. distal
    far point of attachment to the trunk or from the beginning of the structure
  77. frontal ( coronal) plane
    vertical plane divining the body of structure into anterior and posterior portions
  78. inferior (caudal)
    below another structure  pertaining to the tail or a lower part of the body
  79. medical
    Pertaining to the middle or the medical plane of the body
  80. proximal
    near the point of attachment trunk or the beginning of the structure
  81. sagittal (lateral) plane
    length wise vertical plane dividing the body or suffix into right or left sides... the MIDSAGITTAL plane divids the body into left and right halves
  82. superior
    above structure pertaining to the head
  83. transverse (axial) plane
    horizontal (cross- section) plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions