Enzymes & Reaction Catalyzed

Card Set Information

Author:
mnvang321
ID:
294085
Filename:
Enzymes & Reaction Catalyzed
Updated:
2015-01-27 17:58:31
Tags:
enzymes
Folders:
cell bio
Description:
enzymes and run catalyzed
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  1. General term of enzyme that catalyze a hydrolytic cleavage reaction; nucleases and proteases are more specific names for subclasses of these enzymes.
    Hydrolases
  2. Break down nucleic acids by hydrolyzing bonds between nucleotides.
    Nucleases
  3. Break down proteins by hydrolyzing bonds between amino acids.
    Proteases
  4. synthesize molecules in anabolic reactions by condensing two smaller molecules together.
    Synthases
  5. Catalyze the rearrangement of bonds within a single molecule.
    Isomerases
  6. Catalyze polymerization reactions such as the synthesis of DNA and RNA .
    Polymerases
  7. Catalyze the addition of phosphate groups to molecules. Protein kinases are an important group of kinases that attach phosphate groups to proteins.
    Kinases
  8. Catalyze the hydrolytic removal of a phosphate group from a molecule.
    Phosphatases
  9. General name for enzymes that catalyze reactions in which one molecule is oxidized while the other is reduced. Enzymes of this type are often more specifically named either oxidases, reductases, or dehydrogenases.
    Oxido-Reductases
  10. Hydrolyze ATP. Many proteins with a wide range of roles have an energy-harnessing ATPase activity as part of their function, for example, motor proteins such as myosin and membrane transport proteins such as the sodium-potassium pump.
    ATPase

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