American Government: Progress Test 1

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hunter82
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American Government: Progress Test 1
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2015-01-28 23:34:43
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Study guide for Progress Test 1
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  1. Is the support of the majority of the citizens of a state for the government in power.
    Legitimacy
  2. Is the right of a country to make its own domestic and foreign policy decisions without the uninvited intervention of another state of states.
    Sovereignty
  3. Is the capacity of one actor to influence the behavior of another through the use of either coercion or the offer of incentives.
    Power
  4. Multiple centers of power--various interest groups. No single group is dominant.
    Pluralist Approach or Theory
  5. The government serves as an unbiased referee or umpire.
    Pluralist Approach or Theory
  6. Elites from the government, the private sectors and other areas of American society.
    Elitist Approach or Theory
  7. The government serves the collective interests of the elites.
    Elitist Approach or Theory
  8. The members of the ruling class (based on economic position--income and wealth)
    Class Approach or Theory
  9. The government serves the collective interests of the ruling class.
    Class Approach or Theory
  10. Occupied by farmers from England. Began settling in 1607 and again in 1610
    Jamestown, Virginia
  11. Occupied by Separatists and made the Mayflower Compact which was an agreement or code of conduct, as well as a system of self-government.
    Plymouth, Massachusetts
  12. These people occupied the Jamestown, Virginia settlement, came from England, and first settled in 1607 and again in 1610.
    Farmers
  13. These people who broke away from the British government and occupied the Plymouth, Massachusetts Settlement.
    Separatists
  14. This was a tax imposed by British Government on sugar.
    Sugar Tax
  15. This was a tax imposed by British Goevernment on paper.
    Stamp Act
  16. This was a tax imposed by the British government on paint. This was also the tax that lead to the Boston Tea Party.
    Lead Tax
  17. This committee was headed by Thomas Jefferson, contents contained universal truths, inalienable rights, and democratic government. The major challenge for the committee was slavery.
    Declaration of Independence
  18. This moment in US history established God given, government can take them away, rights which is life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (inalienable rights). This moment also created the Democratic government which contains checks and balances and impeachment.
    Declaration of Independence
  19. In order to pass laws in Contential Congress this amount of states out of thirteen had to agree.
    Nine
  20. In order to amend the Articles of Confederation this amount of states out of thirteen must agree.
    Thirteen (Unamity Rule)
  21. This rebellion's main cause was bad economic condition. The other factors which factored into the bad economic condition was due to the bank refusing to give loans and banks were collecting on the loans. The farmers who could not pay debt were taken to court and put in jail. The goal of this rebellion was to rescue the farmers. The leader of this rebellion was Daniel Shay.
    Shay's Rebellion
  22. This plan wanted a bicameral legislature, a national executive, and a judiciary.
    Virginia Plan
  23. This plan wanted a unicameral legislature where one state represented one vote, impose taxes, national executive to be Congress, and national executive to be the Supreme Court.
    New Jersey Plan
  24. This plan wanted a bicameral legislature, the president would be the national executive but would be elected through the Electoral College, and a national judiciary to be the executive.
    The Great Compromise (Connecticut)
  25. This created three branches of government that had their own individual power.
    Separation of Powers
  26. This was created to ensure no branch had more power than any of the other two branches allowing them to investigate on their actions.
    Checks and balances
  27. A)The three who wrote the Federalist Papers consisted of 85 essays advocating for the ratification of the US Constiution.
    B) Who wrote the most of the three?
    • A) James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
    • B) Alexander Hamilton
  28. A)The way the US Constitution was ratified was by...
    B) What state was the last one to ratify the US Constituition?
    • A) Nine states agreeing on the ratification
    • B) New Hampshire
  29. Accomplishing contracted work for a period of time, and be released with a portion of the profit is known as...
    Indentured Servitude
  30. A change in this occured due to increase demand for labor. The factors which contribute to this change are poor Europeans going back to Europe due to new economic opportunities, the one who stayed did not renew their contracts, and learned from Spainards and Portugese that slave labor was free.
    Indentured Servitude
  31. One of the causes of the Civil War was slavery. Why?
    A) The north wanted slaves like the south
    B) The north and the south had their slaves stolen by spainards and portugese
    C) The north and the south could never compromise on the subject of slavery
    D) Slavery was not a cause of The Civil War
    C
  32. This is a tax on imported goods.
    Tariff
  33. One of the causes of the Civil War was the North imposing a tariff. Why?
    A) The tariff would make their goods expensive for the South
    B) The tariff was not a cause of the Civil War
    C) The tariff reminded the South of British rule and they retaliated
    D) The tariff would make the north's goods cheaper
    D
  34. One of the causes of the Civil War was the North and the south's economic systems. Why?
    A) The South relied on physical labor and produced agricultural goods while the North relied on machines and produced industrial goods. Compared to the standard of living of the North and the South, the North had the better standard of living.
    B)The North relied on physical labor and produced agricultural goods while the South relied on mahcines and produced industrial goods. Compared to the standard of living of the North and South, the South had the better standard of living.
    C) The North's and South's economic system was not a cause of The Civil War
    D) Compared to the North, South, and West, West had the better standard of living
    A
  35. One of the causes of Civil War was the differences in cultural values of the North and South. Why?
    A) This was not a cause of the Civil War
    B) North is faster to accept change than South, and has more educated people. While, the South has more racism than the North.
    C) South is faster to accept change than the North, and has more educated people. While, the North has more racism than the South.
    D) There were no cultural differences
    B
  36. Pertaining to state rights as a cause of the Civil War, A saw the central government overbearing. While, B was more accepting of federal government's power. A also wanted to be soverign and B wanted a strong central government. Who is A and who is B?
    • A=South
    • B=North
  37. Three triggers of the Civil War was Lincoln becoming President, slaves rebelling against the South, and bad economic condition. True or False?
    • False
    • Correct Answer: the three triggers of the Civil War was Lincoln becoming President, the South seceeding from the Union, and The Sout attacking Fort Sumnter because this was a major federal stronghold
  38. This gives Congress power to regulate trade with foregin nations, among the several states, and with the Indian tribes.
    Commerce Clause
  39. This a federal grant to a state or local government for a specific program or project.
    Categorical Grants
  40. This is a federal grant that provides funds to a state or local government for a general founctional area.
    Block Grant
  41. This grant is based on an individual's criteria.
    Competitive Grant
  42. Each level (federal and state) has executive authority in it areas of assigned powers.
    Dual Federalism
  43. Pertianing to Inter-State Relations, this provision give full faith and credit to every other state's public acts, records, and judicial proceedings.
    Full Faith and Credit Provision
  44. Pertaining to Inter-State Relations, this provision extends to every other state's citizens the privileges and immunities of its own citizens.
    The Equal Treatment Provision
  45. Pertaining to Inter-State Relations, this provision agrees to return persons who are fleeing from justice in another state back to thier home state when requested to do so.
    The Extradiction Provision

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