study questions for developing a good criminal theory

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Mazie
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study questions for developing a good criminal theory
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2015-02-06 15:42:51
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sociology 362
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  1. Generally speaking, all criminological theories are tentative and speculative in nature (in other words, all criminological theories imply probabilistic concepts of causality) . 


    T/F
    T
  2. Generally speaking, modern criminologists and law enforcement authorities follow the paradigm/philosophy of conflict theory when defining the concept of crime. 

    T/F
    F

    change "conflict theory" to "functionalism"
  3. The main purpose for criminologists to propose criminological theories is to help people understand the root cause of crime. That means whenever criminologists decide to propose a new theory, they should incorporate as many ideas/concepts into their theoretical statements as possible• 

    T/F
    F

    change "many" to "few"
  4. Biological theory is a macro theory. 

    T/F
    F

    change "macro" to "micro"
  5. Spurious relationship between independent and dependent variables can only be found in macro theories, such as conflict theory. 

    T/F
    F

    change "can be found in macro theories" to "all theories"; delete "such as conflict theory"
  6. Since theory can inspire criminologists to assume the possible relationship between observed phenomena, it is not unusual for criminologists to discover empirically that there is a causal relationship between two seemingly irrelevant phenomena. 


    T F
    T
  7. Since the law is enacted by the government, the misconducts/crimes involved by state agents usually will be overlooked if someone uses the paradigm of functionalism to analyze delinquent acts. 

    T F
    T
  8. The underlying philosophy or individualistic explanations of crime (such as rational choice theory) is left realism. 

    T F
    F

    change "left realism" to "right idealism"
  9. If A represents cause while B effect, then tautology can be diagramed as follows: 

    A > B > A > A 

    T F
    F

    change "A-» B-» A -> A" to "A-» B-> A -> B"
  10. The concept ecological fallacy means that we use macro theories to explain micro phenomena, or vice versa. 


    T  F
    T
  11. One of the structure theories in criminology/juvenile delinquency study is control theory.

    T   F
    F

    . change "structure " to "process"
  12. One of the process theories in Criminology/Juvenile Delinquency study is subculture theory. 

    T  F
    F

    delete "process" to "structure"
  13. Some valid theories are unreliable. 

    T F
    T
  14. . Some reliable theories are invalid. 

    T F
    T
  15. Theological and philosophical theories usually cannot be tested empirically. 

    T F
    T
  16. All scientific theories are valid. 

    T F
    F

    Change "All" to "Only some"
  17. . No scientific theory is reliable. 


    T F
    • F
    • change "No" to "Only some"; change "is" to "are"
  18. The philosophical foundation of psychological theory of crime is left idealism. 

    T F
    F

    change "left idealism" to "right idealism"
  19. Which of the following theory of crime/delinquency emphasizes that the law will become a tool for the ruling class to maintain its dominant position? 

    a. functionalism 
    b. conflict 
    c. symbolic interactionism 
    d. social exchange 
    e. all of the above
    B
  20. Tautology means that someone uses ________reasoning to support his/her argument. 

    a. contrastive 
    b. comparative 
    c. circular 
    d. composite 
    e. centralized
    C
  21. Which of the following is a topic seldom discussed by criminologists/delinquency researchers? 

    a. morality 
    b. the nature of serial killing 
    c. the root cause of voyeurism 
    d. the nature of domestic violence 
    e. the characteristics of child prostitution
    A
  22. Generally speaking, which topic in the following belongs to ^ criminal justice, but not to criminology/delinquency study? 

    a. victimology 
    b. the behavior of social control agencies 
    c. the etiology of crime 
    d. the defining characteristics of sadistic rape 
    e. the social context of juvenile crime
    B
  23. Suppose you want to propose a theory to explain violent crimes. In this case,  your theory should not contain variables suitable only for explicating __________.

    a. drug-related murder 
    b. domestic violence 
    c. physical abuse 
    d. aggravated assault 
    e. embezzlement
    E
  24. Suppose you want to propose a theory to explain white-collar crimes. in tnis case, your theory should not contain variables suitable only tor explicating ________.

    a. computer forgery 
    b. fencing 
    c. insider=s trading 
    d. check forgery 
    e. embezzlement
    B
  25. Which theoretical paradigm in the following focuses on societal reactions to crime, instead of crime per se? 

    a. functionalism 
    b. conflict 
    c. symbolic interactionism 
    d. structuration 
    e. phenomenology
    C
  26. the statements of a given theory can be verified by empirical data, then criminologists usually will argue that such a theory has _________.

    a. reliability 
    b. validity 
    c. predictability 
    d. duplicability 
    e. measurability
    B

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