Study Questions for Rational Choice Theory

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Mazie
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294276
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Study Questions for Rational Choice Theory
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2015-02-06 15:43:34
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CRIMNINOLGY
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Study Questions for Rational Choice Theory
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  1. . Both Cesare Beccaria and Cesare Lombroso are, among others, pioneers of rational choice theory. 

    T  F
    F

    change "Cesare Lombroso" to "Jeremy Bentham'
  2. Modern rational choice theorists generally believe crimes are replaceable (or functionally equivalent) . 

    T  F
    F

    change "modern" to "classic"
  3. Rational choice theorists, just like biological and involved in crime because of involuntary/uncontrollable biological desires or psychological drives. 

    T  F
    F

    Rational choice theorists, unlike biological and psychological theorists, believe that some people got involved in crime because of personal decisions.
  4. Modern rational choice theorists believe that in hot spots (such as the Little Cuba in Miami or the French Quarter in New Orleans), motivated offenders can find abundant opportunities to commit crime. 

    T  F
    T
  5. Generally speaking, convenience stores without any security apparatuses, single women who return home during nighttime, prostitutes who "do business" after midnight, and secluded houses are all suitable targets for motivated offenders. 

    T  F
    T
  6. Generally speaking, light and/or small things (e.g.wallet and passport) are soft targets for motivated offenders. 

    T  F
    T
  7. Generally speaking, big and/or heavy things (e.g., locked car and gun safe) are hard targets for burglars. 

    T  F
    T
  8. Generally speaking, unattended babies, young children, and single old women are soft targets motivated offenders. 

    T  F
    T
  9. Comparatively, both convenience stores with alarm system and martial art instructors are hard targets for robbers. 

    T  F
    T
  10. Generally speaking, motivated offenders must possess special skill(s) or knowledge in order to gain access to (or control) soft targets. 

    T  F
    F

    10. change "soft" to "hard"
  11. Generally speaking, motivated offenders must possess special skill(s) or knowledge in order to gain access to (or control) hard targets. 

    T  F
    T
  12. In spite of the condition that our rationality is limited (according to modern rational choice theory), less educated people can evaluate the outcomes of their behaviors as objectively/accurately as well-educated persons.

    T  F
    F

    While our rationality is limited (according to modern rational choice theory), less- educated people normally cannot evaluate the outcomes of their behaviors as objectively/accurately as well-educated persons.
  13. According to rational choice theory, one of the methods for criminologists and sociologists to determine whether the criminals/delinquents will receive certain punishments^ is to measure the incarceration rates of arrested criminals. 

    T  F
    T
  14. Given that people have reasoning capacity calculate the possible outcome(s) of their actions, severe punishments usually can effectively deter crime. 

    T  F
    F

    change "can " to "cannot"
  15. Some of the factors that may prevent the phenomenon crime displacement from taking place include personal skills, information, legal punishment, and expected cost/benefits. 

    T  F
    T
  16. Classic rational choice theorists assume that people usually can make rational decisions, regardless of decision maker's emotional status or education level. 

    T  F
    T
  17. Modern rational choice theorists argue that crimes do not have the same properties (i.e., choice-structuring properties) . Accordingly, it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, for people (especially career criminals) to get involved in different types of crimes simultaneously. 

    T  F
    T
  18. The concept choice-structuring properties is advanced by Derek cornisn and Ronald Clarke. 

    T  F
    T
  19. From the perspective of crime displacement, arson and burglary share the same choice-structuring properties because both of them are property crimes. 

    T  F
    F

    From the perspective of crime displacement, arson and burglary do not share the same choice-structuring properties, even both of them are property crimes.
  20. In terms of the possibility of being killed by the police at crime scene, unarmed robbery usually is riskier than armed robbery. 

    T  F
    F

    change "riskier" to "less risky"
  21. The following social environment can characterized by slum areas: 

    High So M + High So T + Low So G 

    T  F


    change "slum areas" to "natural disaster-stricken areas"
  22. following social environment characterized by gated communities-. 

    High So M + High So T + High So G 

    T  F
    F

    . change "gated community" to "downtowns"
  23. The following social environment can be characterized by impoverished rural towns: 

    Low So M + High So T + Low So G 

    T  F
    F

    change "impoverished rural towns" to "church-concentrated neighborhoods"
  24. Larry Cohen is a modern rational choice theorist. 

    T  F
    T
  25. Both Ronald Clarke and Marcus Felson are modern rational choice theorists. 

    T  F
    T
  26. Which of the following can serve as a capable guardian of crime/delinquency? 

    a. German shepherd 
    b. your roommate 
    c. your boy/girl friend 
    d. alarm system of your house 
    e. all of the above
    E
  27. The focus of classical rational choice theory is on the _______crime/delinquency. 

    a. elimination 
    b. prevention 
    c. categorization 
    d. rehabilitation 
    e. prediction
    B
  28. The philosophy of ________ laid a foundation for modern American criminal justice policies. 

    a. shock incarceration 
    b. re-education 
    c. rehabilitation 
    d. deterrence 
    e. treatment
    D
  29. Theoretically speaking, which of the following may not be able to serve as capable guardians? 

    a. school teachers 
    b. your neighbors 
    c. young babies 
    d. insane persons 
    e. c and d
    E
  30. Which of the following concept about human nature is rejected by rational choice theorists? 

    a. reason 
    b. calculation 
    c. conditional free will 
    d. determinism 
    e. self-interest
    D
  31. Which of the following can deter crime? 

    a. target-hardening 
    b. neighborhood watch 
    c. defensible space architecture 
    d. elimination of hot spot 
    e. all of the above
    E
  32. The legacy of classical rational choice theorists includes everything but ________.

    a. making modern criminal justice system more humane 
    b. advancing the idea of pure rationality 
    c. helping modern criminology to take shape 
    d. rejecting the idea that capital punishment can deter crime 
    e. suggesting that racial minorities are dangerous class
    E
  33. Compared to classical rational choice theorists, modern rational choice theorists tend to emphasize _______as the root cause of crime/delinquency. 

    a. age 
    b. educational level 
    c. perceived criminal opportunity 
    d. gender 
    e. all of the above
    C
  34. Which of the following, according to modern rational choice theorists, is less capable of exercising rationality or free choice? 

    a. the elderly 
    b. the insane 
    c. young children
    d. morons
    e. all of the above
    E
  35. Which of the following can improve/increase our rationality? 

    a. victim experience 
    b. education 
    c. financial hardship 
    d. academic training 
    e. all of the above
    E

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