Psych Exam 1 Ch: 3 5 6

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Author:
jwhughes
ID:
294289
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Psych Exam 1 Ch: 3 5 6
Updated:
2015-01-31 12:40:08
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psych
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psych
Description:
Ch. 3, 5, 6
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  1. Which neurotransmitter is responsible for fine muscle movement, emotion and thoughts, decision making, and stimulates hypothalamus to release hormones?
    Dopamine
  2. Which neurotransmitter is responsible for mood, attention and arousal, stimulates fight or flight
    Norepinephrine
  3. Which neurotransmitter plays a role in sleep regulation, hunger, mood, pain, aggression, sexual behavior, and hormones
    Serotonin
  4. Which neurotransmitter plays a role in alertness, inflammatory response, and gastric secretions?
    Histamine
  5. What cholinergic transmitter plays a role in learning, memory, mood, mania, sexual aggression, and stimulates PNS
    ACh
  6. Name the four lobes of the brain
    • frontal
    • parietal
    • occipital
    • temporal
  7. Which lobe of the brain is responsible for planning, decision making, and voluntary motor ability?
    frontal
  8. Which lobe of the brain is responsible for language and allows for emotional expression
    Temporal
  9. Which lobe of the brain is responsible Vision and language formation
    Occipital
  10. Which lobe of the brain is responsible for Sensory, proprioception, abstraction, concepts, reading, math, right and left orientation
    Parietal
  11. Which part of the brain is crucial for emotional and psychological status?
    Limbic
  12. What part of the brainstem regulates entire cycle of sleep and wakefulness
    RAS
  13. What is thee shared beliefs, values, and practices that guide a group's members in patterned ways of thinking and acting
    culture
  14. What tradition values autonomy, independence, and self-reliance
    western
  15. What type of tradition sees the family as the basis of one's identity
    eastern
  16. What term refers to those people who have inhabited a country for thousands of years and includes groups like New Zealand, Australian, American natives, and native Hawaiians
    Indigenous culture
  17. What are a culture's worldview, beliefs, values, and practices that are transmitted to its members
    enculturation
  18. What is the universal tendency of humans to think their way of thinking and behaving is the only correct and natural way
    ethnocentrism
  19. What is psychological distress that is experienced as physical problems
    Somatization
  20. What are sets of signs and symptoms that are common in a limited number of cultures but virtually nonexistent in most other cultural groups
    culture-bound syndromes
  21. What does it mean for nurses to adjust their practices to meet their patients cultural beliefs
    cultural competence
  22. What is learning the beliefs, values, and practices of their new cultural setting
    acculturation
  23. What is it called when immigrants adapt to the new culture rather quickly absorbing the new worldview, beliefs, values, and practices until they are more natural then their own
    assimilation
  24. What is the tendency to believe that every member of a group is like all other members
    stereotyping
  25. What type of voluntary admission where the normal doctor-patient relationship exists but the patient is free to go even against medical advice?
    Informal Admission
  26. What type of admission involves the patient applying in writing to be admitted, but the patient has a right to apply for release. However they must be reevaluated and the decision be made by the doctor providing care. If the doctor feels they are not ready, they will initiate involuntary admission.
    Voluntary admission
  27. What type of admission is used for people who are so confused or demented that they can't make decisions on their own or they are so ill they need emergency admission?
    Temporary admission
  28. How long can an individual be held under temporary admission
    15 days
  29. What is admission to a facility without the patient's consent?
    Involuntary admission
  30. What are the rights of a patient involuntarily admitted?
    • retain freedom from bodily restraints
    • informed consent
    • medication refusal
    • Access legal counsel
  31. What is the writ of habeas corpus? When is it used?
    • Free the person
    • When an involuntarily admitted patient wants to appeal to the court for release
  32. What is the capacity to understand the consequences of one's decisions
    competency
  33. What are willful or intentional acts that violate another person's rights or property?
    Intentional Torts
  34. What are unintended acts against another person that produce injury or harm
    Unintentional torts
  35. What is the failure to use ordinary care in professional or personal situation when you have a duty to do so?
    Negligence
  36. What is an act or omission to act that breaches the duty of due care and results in or is responsible for a person's injuries
    Malpractice
  37. What are the 5 elements required to prove negligence
    • Duty
    • Breach of Duty
    • Cause in fact
    • Proximate cause
    • Damages
  38. What is it called when nursing conduct falls below that standard of care and exposes the patient to an unreasonable risk of harm?
    Breach of duty
  39. What element of negligence states "if it were not for what this nurse did or failed to do, would this injury have occurred?
    Cause in fact
  40. Which element of negligence is a legal cause that can determine whether there were any intervening actions or persons that were there that caused harm to the patient?
    Proximate Cause
  41. What is the Mental Health Systems Act established by Jimmy Carter
    • It seeks to assure that the chronically mentally ill no longer face the cruel alternative of unnecessary
    • institutionalization or inadequate care in the community. It provides
    • local communities with more flexible federal support for mental health
    • services and places a new emphasis on the prevention of mental illness
  42. What was Reagen's role in mental health
    He felt that federal money for institutions was a waste, he enacted budget cuts and clear definitions of the mentally ill in order to save money

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