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what was the time period of the civil war?
most northerners thought the war would last (how long)?
no longer than three months
the main two theaters were what?
western and eastern theater
what did the emancipation proclamation say?
freedom for all saves living in the confederacy
what did the emancipation proclamation do in reality?
It didn't free the slaves
why do many people consider Abraham Lincoln the greatest of all presidents?
- saved the union
- ended slavery
list six reasons that Jefferson Davis was qualified to be president of the confederate states of America. he was:
- experienced soldiers
- U.S congressman
- Secretary of war
- ran the government from it's capital in Richmond
- leader of confederacy
what were some reasons Jefferson David was not a good president.
- he was a poor planner
- difficulties with his congress
who was the commander of the Union army from 1864-1865?
Ulysses S. Grant
who was considered to be the greatest official of the civil war?
Robert E. Lee
describe the typical diet of union soldiers.
describe the typical diet of confederate soliders
- beef or pork
how did soldiers on both sides supplement their food supply?
they learned how to fend for themselves by hunting small animals, picking berries, and taking veggies from near by gardens
list the six most common diseases that plagued both armies.
- small pox
- yellow fever
list new technology that was used by the military during the civil war.
- machine guns
- underwater mines
- ironclad ships
- hot air baloons
- land mines
name two women spies
- Pauline Cushman
- Belle Boyde
what was the "soapspuds brigade?"
cleaning the clothes in the military unit
what was the sanitary commission?
they sewed and baked for the union soldiers
who was the "angel of the battlefield?"
what did Clara Barton do to help in the war?
she organized a group of women to give supplies to the hospital for men in the war, she stayed in the battlefield and cared for the sick and injured soldiers
what organization did Clara Barton found?
American Red Cross
describe sherman's "March to the Sea."
(location, destruction, resistance)
- his army marched in two colums 25 to 60 miles wide from Atlanta to the port of Savannah
- they destroyed railroads, bridges, telegraph lines, manufacturing plants, and plantations along the way
- following a lengthy artillery battle, he abanded the city
what was the "slash and burn" policy?
they sieze and destroy all important property along their path
where and on what occasion did Abraham Lincoln deliver his "Gettysburg Adress"?
at ceremonies, to dedicate a part of the gettysburg battlefield as a cemetary for those who had lost their lives in battle
what was the purpose of John Browns raid?
he hoped to capture stores of weapons from the federal arsenal and arm the slaves for a bloody rebellion
name the first republican president of the United states?
how did Abraham Lincoln feel about the Bible?
he revered to the Bible and often referred to it in his speeches and writings
why did Abraham Lincoln stand to pray?
he felt as if his officers stood when they entered his office, he ought to stand for his commander and chief
who fired the first shot in the war?
where did the war begin?
why was the secession of Virginia important?
it guaranteed the loyalty of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson to the south
how did Stonewall Jackson get his nickname?
After seeing General Jackson rallying his troops amidst enemy fire, General Bee called out "There stands Jackson like a stone wall - rally behind the Virginians."
how did General E. Lee feel about slavery?
he opposed slavery and freed the slaves he had
compare the advantages in the north and south?
- more man power
- more factories
- more productive capabilities
- more money
- better rail system
- deffened south familys and homes from agressors
- accumulated a small store of supplies
- had better generals
how did the free soil party of 1848 effect the election?
When they nominated Martin Van Buren of New York, they split the Democrate vote, causing the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, to win the election.
name one of the issues dividing the north and south?
did Daniel Webster support the proposed compromise of 1850?
yes, he chose the preservation of the union over his own personal ambitions
who became president when Zachary Taylor died?
what did Millard Fillmore sign into law, averting war between the states?
compromise of 1850
Why did President Pierce owe much of his victory to the great writer Nathaniel Hawthorne?
Nathaniel Hawthorne introduced Pierce to the American public by writing a biography about him.
Name the book by Harriet Stowe that moved the nation. What was the book about?
Uncle Tom's Cabin. It dramatized the cruelty of slavery.
what was the purpose of the Kansas- Nebraska act of 1854?
to create two new territories, Kansas and Nebraska
why did dred scott think he could sue for his freedom?
Because he had lived in the Wisconsin Territory, where the Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery, he thought he had been a free man while in the territory.
What was the Union plan of attack called? List its four objectives.
- the Anaconda Plan.
- (1) blockade the entire Southern coastline,
- (2) seize control of the Mississippi River to cut the South off from the West,
- (3) further divide the South by capturing the Tennessee River Valley and marching through Georgia to the coast, and
- (4) capture the Confederate capital at Richmond
what was the most promising invention in the south?
why did McClellan hesitate in the peninsular campaign?
to wait for reinforcements
what was Lee able to do when McClellan hesitated?
take the offensive and attack the union army
How did General Lee treat civilians and civilian property?
He told his soldiers to leave the civilians and their property alone because he believed war should be fought between soldiers.
who did Lee call the "eye of the army"?
who attempted to take fredricksburg for virginia and what was the outcome?
General A. E Burnside, he was defeated by Lee and Jackson
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? Who issued it? When did it take effect?
- declared the freedom of slaves in the states which had seceded from the Union.
- President LIncoln.
- January 1, 1863
how did Stonewall Jackson die?
he got shot by one of his own men
What important city served as a supply port on the Mississippi? Who laid siege to the city?
what battle was the south's last hope of winning english help?
the Battle of Gettysburg
who were the opposing generals in the battle of gettysburg?
General George C. Meade for union and Robert E. Lee for the south
who won the battle of Gettysburg?
who gave the Gettysburg address and how long was it?
what Union general led the assault on the Chickamauga?
General William Rosecrans and George Thomas
name the confederate general who fought the union at Chickamauga?
General Braxton Bragg
who won the battle of Chickamauga?
what sparked revival among the southern troops?
the testimony of General Lee and Jackson and the desire of Southern troops to repent and be saved before battle
what group provided spiritual comfort and met physical needs for the Northern troops?
United States Christian Commission
who led the devastating March to the Sea?
General William Tecumseh Sherman
what home served as a meeting place for Lee's surrender?
the MacLean home Appomattox Court House, Virginia
what kind gestures did Grant makes toward lee and his army?
any men having horse or mules could keep their side arms rations would be given to the soldiers, and Lee could keep his sword
how did the North finance the war?
- the north increased taxes
- raised tariff duties
- established a temporary income tax
- sold war bonds
- and issued greenbacks
how did the south finance the war?
the south issued paper money with no backing
what is a draft system?
a system in which men are selected for military service with or without their expressed consent
what industrial advances were made as a result of the war?
- many miles of railroad were laid
- advancement in medicine
- steel production
- cooperate organizations developed
what was the reconstruction era?
the difficult time of rebuilding after the civil war
what did the 13th amendment do?
what did the 14th amendment do?
made free men citizens of the united states and attempted safeguard their civil rights
what did the 15th amendment do?
prohibited states from denying the right to vote because of race, color, or past conditions of servitude
explain the 10 percent plan
if 10 percent of the registered voters in a southern state took a loyalty oath they could set up a new government
what were two groups of the republican party?
radicals and conservatives
who assassinated lincoln? and why?
- John Wilkes Booth
- he believed that Lincolns assassination would avenge the south
what were the "black codes"?
laws that restricted blacks civil rights and kept them from voting
what did the reconstruction act do?
- divided the former confederacy (not including Tennessee) into five military districts
- appointed military officers with broad powers to govern each district
who were the carpetbaggers?
northern politicians who went south in search of personal gain
who were the scalawags?
white southerners who assisted the carpetbaggers
what was the tweed ring?
a group of corrupt politicians in NYC
how did Thomas Nast play a part in the boss tweed captured?
his cartoons made tweed a famous character
list the 3 conditions of the compromise of 1877
- (1) All federal troops were removed from the Southern states,
- (2) Hayes appointed a Southerner to his Cabinet, and
- (3) federal money was given to the South for economic development.
Name some of the colleges and universities founded to educate freedmen in the North and the South.
- Fisk University (Tennessee)
- Atlanta University (Georgia)
- Howard University (Washington, D.C.), Hampton Institue (Virginia)
What did Booker T. Washington believe would do the most to advance the individual?
his moral character and working skills
How did Washington feel about government dependence?
Washington believed in the help of individuals, charities, and churches - not the help of government.
Who taught Washington to be "color blind" in addressing the needs of the people of the South?
Explain.General Samuel Armstrong. Samuel Armstrong was a pioneer for multiracial, vocational training throught the South.
What did Booker T. Washington believe was more important than political reform?
Answers will vary. Booker T. Washington believed that the mroal character and working skills of the individual were more important than political reform. If a man is valuable and upright, he will gain the favor of his fellow man
can B.T Washington believe still be applied? explain
Yes, character and diligence can still bring a man success today.